26 research outputs found

    Passive Radio Frequency-based 3D Indoor Positioning System via Ensemble Learning

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    Passive radio frequency (PRF)-based indoor positioning systems (IPS) have attracted researchers' attention due to their low price, easy and customizable configuration, and non-invasive design. This paper proposes a PRF-based three-dimensional (3D) indoor positioning system (PIPS), which is able to use signals of opportunity (SoOP) for positioning and also capture a scenario signature. PIPS passively monitors SoOPs containing scenario signatures through a single receiver. Moreover, PIPS leverages the Dynamic Data Driven Applications System (DDDAS) framework to devise and customize the sampling frequency, enabling the system to use the most impacted frequency band as the rated frequency band. Various regression methods within three ensemble learning strategies are used to train and predict the receiver position. The PRF spectrum of 60 positions is collected in the experimental scenario, and three criteria are applied to evaluate the performance of PIPS. Experimental results show that the proposed PIPS possesses the advantages of high accuracy, configurability, and robustness.Comment: DDDAS 202

    Effect of suction chamber baffles on pressure fluctuations in a low specific speed centrifugal pump

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    In order to study the effect of suction chamber baffles on hydraulic performance and unsteady characteristics in a low specific speed centrifugal pump, a model pump was design with enlarging flow mothed and four schemes of suction baffle, including no baffle (scheme 0), only one baffle in the suction (scheme 1), two baffles (scheme 2) and three baffles in the suction (scheme 3), were considered. Commercial code FLUENT was applied to simulate the flow of the pump. RNG k-ε turbulence model was adopted to handle with the turbulent flows in the pump. The sliding mesh technique was applied to take into account the impeller-volute interaction. Based on the simulation results, the hydraulic performance and pressure fluctuations were obtained and analyzed in detail. The head value of no baffle in the suction (scheme 0) is lower than that with baffles in the suction (scheme 1, scheme 2, scheme 3) at each condition point. Hump point in scheme 0 is at φ= 0.00596 (1.2 times Qo). The hump point in scheme 1, scheme 2, scheme 3 is at 0.8Qo, 1.0Qo, 1.0Qo, respectively. The ε value of scheme 1 is the smallest and that of scheme 0 is the largest in the four schemes. Six wave troughs are observed clearly at each monitoring point as the impeller rotates in a circle. Each time the impeller is turned 10 degrees, there are six obvious troughs around the impeller. With the rotation of the impeller, peak value of pressure fluctuations at blade passing frequency (BPF) is gradually decrease. At low flow (ϕ= 0.002383), the main frequency of pressure fluctuation at P36 and P1 under scheme 0, scheme 2 and scheme 3 is 295 Hz, which is corresponding to BPF. The pressure fluctuation levels are decreased by –2.72 %, –2.13 %, and –2.21 % respectively when the number of baffle in the suction is one, two, three, respectively. And decrease rate of pressure fluctuation (∆Cp) on scheme 1 is maximum. It indicates that Adding baffles to the suction chamber is beneficial to reduce the amplitude of pressure pulsation at BPF in the volute. The best number of baffles in the suction is one. Based on scheme 1 simulation results, the prototype was manufactured and the performance experiments were carried out. A good agreement of the head and efficiency between numerical results and experimental results are observed

    Effect of inlet splitter on pressure fluctuations in a double-suction centrifugal pump

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    In order to investigate the effect of inlet splitter on pressure fluctuations in a double-suction centrifugal pump, three research schemes, including no splitter (scheme I), a splitter along the flow passage centerline (scheme II) and a splitter above the flow passage centerline in the suction (scheme III), were designed. The flow in the pump was simulated by commercial code FLUENT. The viscous Navier-Stokes equations were handled with an unsteady calculation and the sliding mesh technique was applied to take into account the impeller-volute interaction. Based on the simulation results, the hydraulic performance and pressure fluctuations were obtained and analyzed in detail. The hydraulic performance agrees well with the experimental results. The pressure fluctuations under three schemes are different. The maximum amplitude of the pressure fluctuations in scheme II is the minimum. For monitoring points near volute tongue, rotating frequency and its harmonies are dominant under three research schemes. The maximum amplitude of pressure fluctuations of three schemes are all at the blade passing frequency. In particular, the maximum pressure fluctuation amplitude of scheme II was less than that of scheme I and scheme III, which illustrated that it is effective to reduce the peak value of pressure fluctuations in double suction centrifugal pump by installing a splitter in the suction properly

    Vision, challenges and opportunities for a Plant Cell Atlas

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    With growing populations and pressing environmental problems, future economies will be increasingly plant-based. Now is the time to reimagine plant science as a critical component of fundamental science, agriculture, environmental stewardship, energy, technology and healthcare. This effort requires a conceptual and technological framework to identify and map all cell types, and to comprehensively annotate the localization and organization of molecules at cellular and tissue levels. This framework, called the Plant Cell Atlas (PCA), will be critical for understanding and engineering plant development, physiology and environmental responses. A workshop was convened to discuss the purpose and utility of such an initiative, resulting in a roadmap that acknowledges the current knowledge gaps and technical challenges, and underscores how the PCA initiative can help to overcome them.</jats:p

    Učinek prevlek lopatic na delovanje centrifugalnih črpalk pri toku z usedlinami

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    Applying a high strength coating on a blade\u27s surface could significantly prolong the service life of a centrifugal pump under sediment-laden water flow because of its protection. To explore the effect of blade coating, the characteristics of energy, vibration and pressure fluctuation of a centrifugal pump (the specific speed (ns) is 81.46) with different polyurethane coating thickness coefficients were experimentally studied under sediment-laden water flow. Keeping the blade outlet angle, blade inlet angle and blade shape unchanged, the head H and efficiency [eta] under both sediment-laden flow and clear water flow decrease significantly as the coating thickness coefficient increases. The axis rotating frequency and blade passing frequency are the main excitation frequencies of the pump vibration velocity amplitude and outlet pressure fluctuation. The vibration velocity amplitude and outlet pressure fluctuation at the frequency of 1 BPF are the largest. At the frequency of 1 axis rotating frequency, they are the second in all cases. The peak values of both vibration velocity amplitude and outlet pressure fluctuation are proportional to the coating thickness coefficient. An analysis was performed for several increasing coating thicknesses, corresponding to coating coefficients from K0 to K3. When the coating thickness coefficients are K0, K1, and K2, the peak value of vibration velocity amplitude under sediment-laden flow is larger than that under clear water flow, but the very small difference between them undercoating thickness coefficient K3. The peak values of pressure fluctuations under different flow rates decrease first and then increase with the increasing coating thickness coefficient, and lowest points are all located at the coating thickness coefficient K

    Vpliv debeline prevleke na tok tekočine in trdnih delcev v centrifugalni črpalki

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    Spraying a coating on the surface of wet parts of a solid-liquid two-phase flow centrifugal pump could effectively increase its service life. To research the effect of coating thickness on the performance of the pump, a solid-liquid two-phase flow pump with a speed of ns = 81.5 was chosen, and polyurethane coatings with different thicknesses were sprayed on the surface of the blades of the impeller. The influence of coating thickness on the performance of the pump was tested under the condition of a water medium. Combined with numerical simulation, the internal flow, pressure fluctuations and radial force of the model pump were further analysed in detail. Keeping the blade outlet angle unchanged, the head and efficiency of the pump decrease with the increase of the coating thickness, and the amplitude of the decrease increases with the increase of the coating thickness. The peak value of pressure fluctuations increases with the increase of coating thickness. The pressure value on the impeller inlet increases first and then decreases with the increase of coating thickness. Radial force of impeller increases with the increase of coating thickness, and the radial force distributes in the triangle, which is the same as the number of blades

    Association between dietary intake of flavonoids and hyperuricemia: a cross-sectional study

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    Abstract Background Previous research has demonstrated flavonoid intake was closely related to hyperuricemia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether flavonoid intake was associated with serum uric acid and hyperuricemia in U.S. adults. Methods The study sample consisted of 8,760 participants enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2007 to 2010. Flavonoid consumption was measured using a two-day recall questionnaire on dietary intake. Hyperuricemia was defined based on the serum uric acid levels, determined as ≥ 7 mg/dL for males and ≥ 6 mg/dL for females. The study utilized multivariate linear regression to determine the correlation between flavonoid consumption and serum uric acid levels. Additionally, analyses involving multivariate logistic regression and restricted cubic splines (RCS) were conducted to evaluate the potential link between flavonoid consumption and hyperuricemia. All analyses were adjusted for possible confounding variables. Results The study revealed a negative correlation between serum uric acid levels and elevated levels of anthocyanidins and flavanones, with significant p-trends of < 0.001 and 0.02 respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that anthocyanidins and flavanones intake had a significant negative association with the risk of hyperuricemia, with p-trend value being < 0.001 and 0.01, respectively. Flavan-3-ols, flavonols, and all flavonoids exhibited a non-linear association with the incidence of hyperuricemia, with significant p-nonlinear values of < 0.001, 0.04, and 0.01 respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrated that individuals who follow a diet rich in anthocyanins and flavanones had significantly lower serum uric acid levels and a lower incidence of hyperuricemia

    Multi-condition optimization and experimental study of impeller blades in a mixed-flow pump

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    On the basis of design of experiment and numerical simulation, a reliable optimization method for blades of a mixed-flow pump is proposed with the maximum weighted average efficiency at multi-conditions as optimum objective. First, the performance of the model pump was measured and the test results were used to validate the simulation method. To improve the simulation accuracy, the check of the grid independence and the comparison of different turbulence models were done in detail. Then, the method of design of experiment for key geometrical parameters was used to obtain the optimization scheme. The maximum weighted average efficiency of pump at three operation conditions was chosen as optimum objective. The optimum solution was gotten and confirmed by the experiment. The results demonstrate that efficiency of the mixed-flow pump with optimized impeller increases by 3.9%, and the high-efficiency zone is increased from 0.021 to 0.040

    A lower canal fill rate and unreestablished vertical femoral offset may increase the risk of the postoperative periprosthetic fractures after cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures in elderly patients.

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    BackgroundPeriprosthetic fractures (PPFs) is one of the major causes of failure of hip arthroplasty with cementless stem; however, studies on the incidence and risk factors of PPFs after cementless hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are lacking.MethodsThis retrospective study included patients who underwent cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced intracapsular FNFs. The demographic data were reviewed, Dorr classification was used to describe morphology of the femur, radiological parameters were measured including stem-shaft angle, canal fill ratio (CFR), canal flare index (CFI), morphologic cortical index (MCI), canal calcar ratio (CCR), and vertical and horizontal femoral offset.ResultsThe sample comprised 10 men and 46 women (affected hip: left, 38; right, 18). The mean patient age was 82.82±10.61 (range, 69-93) years, and the mean hemiarthroplasty to PPFs time was 26.28±14.04 (range, 6.54-47.77) months. Seven (12.28%) patients had PPFs. A significant relationship was found between the incidence of PPF and CFR (p = 0.012), patients had a significantly smaller femoral stem CFR (0.76%±0.11%) than controls (0.85%±0.09%). The PPFs group had a significant shorter and unreestablished vertical femoral offset (p = 0.048).ConclusionsA smaller femoral stem CFR associated with a potentially unacceptably high PPFs risk in uncemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced FNFs may result from mismatched prosthesis and bone dimensions in the elderly population, especially when accompanied by a poorly reestablished vertical femoral offset. With increasing evidence of the benefits of cemented fixation, a cemented stem for the treatment of displaced intracapsular FNFs is recommended for such a elderly frail population
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