28,635 research outputs found

    Hawking radiation from dynamical horizons

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    In completely local settings, we establish that a dynamically evolving black hole horizon can be assigned a Hawking temperature. Moreover, we calculate the Hawking flux and show that the radius of the horizon shrinks.Comment: 5 Page

    Importance of boundary effects in diffusion of hydrocarbon molecules in a one-dimensional zeolite channel

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    Single-file diffusion of propane and toluene molecules inside a narrow, effectively one-dimensional zeolite pore was experimentally studied by Czaplewski {\sl et al.} Using a stochastic lattice gas approach, we obtain an analytical description of this process for the case of single-component loading. We show that a good quantitative agreement with the experimental data for the desorption temperature of the hydrocarbon molecules can be obtained if the desorption process from the boundary is associated with a higher activation energy than the diffusion process in the bulk. We also present Dynamical Monte Carlo simulation results for two-component loading which demonstrate in agreement with the experimental findings the effects of mutual blockage of the molecules due to single-file diffusion.Comment: Revised and final versio

    Diffusion of a hydrocarbon mixture in a one-dimensional zeolite channel: an exclusion model approach

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    Zeolite channels can be used as effective hydrocarbon traps. Earlier experiments (Czaplewski {\sl et al.}, 2002) show that the presence of large aromatic molecules (toluene) block the diffusion of light hydrocarbon molecules (propane) inside the narrow pore of a zeolite sample. As a result, the desorption temperature of propane is significantly higher in the binary mixture than in the single component case. In order to obtain further insight into these results, we use a simple lattice gas model of diffusion of hard-core particles to describe the diffusive transport of two species of molecules in a one-dimensional zeolite channel. Our dynamical Monte Carlo simulations show that taking into account an Arrhenius dependence of the single molecule diffusion coefficient on temperature, one can explain many significant features of the temperature programmed desorption profile observed in experiments. However, on a closer comparison of the experimental curve and our simulation data, we find that it is not possible to reproduce the higher propane current than toluene current near the desorption peak seen in experiment. We argue that this is caused by a violation of strict single-file behavior.Comment: Accepted for publication in the special issue "Diffusion in Micropores" of the journal Microporous and Mesoporous Material

    Non-Zero Sum Games for Reactive Synthesis

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    In this invited contribution, we summarize new solution concepts useful for the synthesis of reactive systems that we have introduced in several recent publications. These solution concepts are developed in the context of non-zero sum games played on graphs. They are part of the contributions obtained in the inVEST project funded by the European Research Council.Comment: LATA'16 invited pape
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