4,023 research outputs found

    Broadband DOA estimation using Convolutional neural networks trained with noise signals

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    A convolution neural network (CNN) based classification method for broadband DOA estimation is proposed, where the phase component of the short-time Fourier transform coefficients of the received microphone signals are directly fed into the CNN and the features required for DOA estimation are learnt during training. Since only the phase component of the input is used, the CNN can be trained with synthesized noise signals, thereby making the preparation of the training data set easier compared to using speech signals. Through experimental evaluation, the ability of the proposed noise trained CNN framework to generalize to speech sources is demonstrated. In addition, the robustness of the system to noise, small perturbations in microphone positions, as well as its ability to adapt to different acoustic conditions is investigated using experiments with simulated and real data.Comment: Published in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics (WASPAA) 201

    A S=1/2 vanadium-based geometrically frustrated spinel system Li2ZnV3O8

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    We report the synthesis and characterization of Li2ZnV3O8, which is a new Zn-doped LiV2O4 system containing only tetravalent vanadium. A Curie-Weiss susceptibility with a Curie-Weiss temperature of CW ~214 K suggests the presence of strong antiferromagnetic correlations in this system. We have observed a splitting between the zero-field cooled ZFC and field cooled FC susceptibility curves below 6 K. A peak is present in the ZFC curve around 3.5 K suggestive of spin-freezing . Similarly, a broad hump is also seen in the inferred magnetic heat capacity around 9 K. The consequent entropy change is only about 8% of the value expected for an ordered S = 1=2 system. This reduction indicates continued presence of large disorder in the system in spite of the large CW, which might result from strong geometric frustration in the system. We did not find any temperature T dependence in our 7Li nuclear magnetic resonance NMR shift down to 6 K (an abrupt change in the shift takes place below 6 K) though considerable T-dependence has been found in literature for LiV2O4- undoped or with other Zn/Ti contents. Consistent with the above observation, the 7Li nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 is relatively small and nearly T-independent except a small increase close to the freezing temperature, once again, small compared to undoped or 10% Zn or 20% Ti-doped LiV2O4.Comment: 7 pages, 8 figures, accepted in JPCM (Journal of Physics condensed matter

    Optical Modulation in the X-Ray Binary 4U 1543-624 Revisited

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    The X-ray binary 4U 1543-624 has been provisionally identified as an ultracompact system with an orbital period of \simeq18~min. We have carried out time-resolved optical imaging of the binary to verify the ultra-short orbital period. Using 140\,min of high-cadence rr'-band photometry we recover the previously-seen sinusoidal modulation and determine a period P=18.20±0.09P=18.20\pm0.09\,min. In addition, we also see a 7.0×104\times 10^{-4}\,mag\,min1^{-1} linear decay, likely related to variations in the source's accretion activity. Assuming that the sinusoidal modulation arises from X-ray heating of the inner face of the companion star, we estimate a distance of 6.0--6.7\,kpc and an inclination angle of 34^{\circ}--61^{\circ} (90\% confidence) for the binary. Given the stability of the modulation we can confirm that the modulation is orbital in origin and 4U 1543-624 is an ultracompact X-ray binary.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia (PASA

    Selection of Dominant Characteristic Modes

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    The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.The theory of characteristic modes is a popular physics based deterministic approach which has found several recent applications in the fields of radiator design, electromagnetic interference modelling and radiated emission analysis. The modal theory is based on the approximation of the total induced current in an electromagnetic structure in terms of a weighted sum of multiple characteristic current modes. The resultant outgoing field is also a weighted summation of the characteristic field patterns. Henceforth, a proper modal measure is an essential requirement to identify the modes which play a dominant role for a frequency of interest. The existing literature of significance measures restricts itself for ideal lossless structures only. This paper explores the pros and cons of the existing measures and correspondingly suggests suitable alternatives for both radiating and scattering applications. An example is presented in order to illustrate the proposed modal method for approximating the shielding response of a slotted geometry

    Unattainable extended spacetime regions in conformal gravity

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    The Janis-Newman-Winicour metric is a solution of Einstein's gravity minimally coupled to a real massless scalar field. The γ\gamma-metric is instead a vacuum solution of Einstein's gravity. These spacetimes have no horizon and possess a naked singularity at a finite value of the radial coordinate, where curvature invariants diverge and the spacetimes are geodetically incomplete. In this paper, we reconsider these solutions in the framework of conformal gravity and we show that it is possible to solve the spacetime singularities with a suitable choice of the conformal factor. Now curvature invariants remain finite over the whole spacetime. Massive particles never reach the previous singular surface and massless particles can never do it with a finite value of their affine parameter. Our results support the conjecture according to which conformal gravity can fix the singularity problem that plagues Einstein's gravity.Comment: 1+10 pages, 2 figures. v2: refereed versio

    Keck Measurement of the XTE J2123-058 Radial Velocity Curve

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    We measured the radial velocity curve of the companion of the neutron star X-ray transient XTE J2123-058. Its semi-amplitude (K_2) of 298.5 +/- 6.9 km/s is the highest value that has been measured for any neutron star LMXB. The high value for K_2 is, in part, due to the high binary inclination of the system but may also indicate a high neutron star mass. The mass function (f_2) of 0.684 +/- 0.047 solar masses, along with our constraints on the companion's spectral type (K5V-K9V) and previous constraints on the inclination, gives a likely range of neutron star masses from 1.2 to 1.8 solar masses. We also derive a source distance of 8.5 +/- 2.5 kpc, indicating that XTE J2123-058 is unusually far, 5.0 +/- 1.5 kpc, from the Galactic plane. Our measurement of the systemic radial velocity is -94.5 +/- 5.5 km/s, which is significantly different from what would be observed if this object corotates with the disk of the Galaxy.Comment: 4 pages, accepted by ApJ Letters after minor revision