44 research outputs found

    Status of MIND

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    The Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector (MIND) has been identied as the ideal candidate for the de-tection of the golden \wrong sign muon " channel at a Neutrino Factory. However, previous analyses of the channel relied on a parameterisation of the detector performance which assumed pefect muon pattern recog-nition. For the rst time, a study of the muon reconstruction eciency involvoing full pattern recognition has been carried out. Using a simple pattern recognition algorithm it is shown that past results assuming perfect muon identication can already be reproduced after one simple cut

    Search for eV (pseudo)scalar penetrating particles in the SPS neutrino beam

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    We carried out a model-independent search for light scalar or pseudoscalar particles a's (an example of which is the axion) that couple to two photons by using a photon-regeneration method at high energies allowing a substantial increase in the sensitivity to eV masses.\ The experimental set-up is based on elements of the CERN West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF) beam line and theNOMAD neutrino detector.\ The new particles, if they exist, could be produced through the Primakoff effect in interactions of high energy photons, generated by the 450 GeV protons in the CERN SPS neutrino target, with virtual photons from the WANF horn magnetic field.\ The particles would penetrate the downstream shieldingand would be observed in the NOMAD neutrino detector through their re-conversion into real high energy photons byinteracting with the virtual photons from the magnetic field of the NOMAD dipole magnet.\ From the analysis of the data collected during the 1996 run with 1.08√ó1019 protons on target, 312 candidate events with energy between 5 and 140 GeV were found.\ This number is in general agreement with the expectation of 272¬Ī18 background events from standard neutrino processes.\ A 90 % CL upper limit on the aő≥ő≥-coupling gaő≥ő≥< 1.5√ó10‚ąí4 GeV‚ąí1 for a masses up to 40 eV is obtained

    A precision measurement of charm dimuon production in neutrino interactions from the NOMAD experiment

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    We present our new measurement of the cross-section for charm dimuon production in neutrino iron interactions based upon the full statistics collected by the NOMAD experiment. After background subtraction we observe 15 344 charm dimuon events, providing the largest sample currently available. The analysis exploits the large inclusive charged current sample - about 9 x 10(6) events after all analysis cuts - and the high resolution NOMAD detector to constrain the total systematic uncertainty on the ratio of charm dimuon to inclusive Charged Current (CC) cross-sections to similar to 2%. We also perform a fit to the NOMAD data to extract the charm production parameters and the strange quark sea content of the nucleon within the NLO QCD approximation. We obtain a value of m(c)(m(c)) = 1.159 +/- 0.075 GeV/c(2) for the running mass of the charm quark in the (MS) over bar scheme and a strange quark sea suppression factor of kappa(s) = 0.591 +/- 0.019 at Q(2) = 20 GeV2/c(2).We extend our grateful appreciations to the CERN SPS staff for the magnificent performance of the neutrino beam. The experiment was supported by the following agencies: ARC and DIISR of Australia, IN2P3 and CEA of France, BMBF of Germany, INFN of Italy, JINR and INR of Russia, FNSRS of Switzerland, DOE, NSF, Sloan, and Cottrell Foundations of USA, and VP Research Office of the University of South Carolina. This work was partially supported by the University of South Carolina, by the DOE grant DE-FG02-95ER40910, by the Russian Federal grant 02.740.11.5220 and MK-432.2013.2, and JINR grant 13-201-01.Peer reviewe

    Performance of long modules of silicon microstrip detectors

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    This note describes the performance of modules assembled with up to 12 silicon microstrip detectors. These modules were built for the instrumented Silicon Target (STAR) that has been installed in the NOMAD spectrometer, Laboratory and test beam results are compared with model predictions. For a module of nine detectors, test beam results indicate a signal-to-noise ratio of 19, a hit finding efficiency of 99.8% and a spatial resolution of 6.0 mu m. Laboratory measurements indicate that modules of twelve detectors exhibit a signal-to-noise ratio of the order of 16

    Upper bound on neutrino mass based on T2K neutrino timing measurements

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    The Tokai to Kamioka (T2K) long-baseline neutrino experiment consists of a muon neutrino beam, produced at the J-PARC accelerator, a near detector complex and a large 295-km-distant far detector. The present work utilizes the T2K event timing measurements at the near and far detectors to study neutrino time of flight as a function of derived neutrino energy. Under the assumption of a relativistic relation between energy and time of flight, constraints on the neutrino rest mass can be derived. The sub-GeV neutrino beam in conjunction with timing precision of order tens of ns provide sensitivity to neutrino mass in the few MeV/c(2) range. We study the distribution of relative arrival times of muon and electron neutrino candidate events at the T2K far detector as a function of neutrino energy. The 90% C.L. upper limit on the mixture of neutrino mass eigenstates represented in the data sample is found to be m(v)(2) < 5.6 MeV2/c(4).We thank the J-PARC staff for superb accelerator performance and the CERN NA61 collaboration for providing valuable particle production data. We acknowledge the support of MEXT, Japan; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CEA and CNRS/IN2P3, France; DFG, Germany; INFN, Italy; National Science Centre (NCN), Poland; RSF, RFBR and MES, Russia; MINECO and ERDF funds, Spain; SNSF and SER, Switzerland; STFC, UK; and DOE, USA. We also thank CERN for the UA1/NOMAD magnet, DESY for the HERA-B magnet mover system, NII for SINET4, the WestGrid and SciNet consortia in Compute Canada, GridPP, UK. In addition participation of individual researchers and institutions has been further supported by funds from: ERC (FP7), EU; JSPS, Japan; Royal Society, UK; DOE Early Career program, USA.Peer reviewe

    Briefing Book for the Zeuthen Workshop

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    On Jun 18th 2004, the CERN Council, upon the initiative of its President, Prof. Enzo Iarocci, established an ad hoc scientific advisory group (the Strategy Group), to produce a draft strategy for European particle physics, which is to be considered by a special meeting of the CERN Council, to be held in Lisbon on Jul 14th 2006. There are three volumes to the Briefing Book. This first volume contains an introductory essay on particle physics, a summary of the issues discussed at the Open Symposium, and discussions of the other themes that the Strategy should address. The introductory essay on particle physics and the other themes were commissioned by the Preparatory Group. The summary of the issues discussed in the Symposium was prepared by the chairs of the sessions, the session speakers and the scientific secretaries. We acknowledge that this has been a difficult task, again on a very tight timescale, and we would like to thank all of those who have contributed to this volume

    The DUNE experiment: neutrinos as a gateway to the origin of matter

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    The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is a leading-edge, international experiment for neutrino science and proton decay studies. Discoveries over the past half-century have put neutrinos, the most abundant matter particles in the universe, in the spotlight for further research into several fundamental questions about the nature of matter and the evolution of the universe ‚ÄĒ questions that DUNE will seek to answer.&nbsp; DUNE will consist of two neutrino detectors placed in the world‚Äôs most intense neutrino beam. One detector will record particle interactions near the source of the beam, at Fermilab. A second, much larger, detector will be installed more than a kilometer underground at the SURF laboratory, in South Dakota ‚ÄĒ 1,300 kilometers downstream of the source. These detectors will enable scientists to search for new subatomic phenomena and potentially transform our understanding of neutrinos and their role in the universe: &nbsp;could neutrinos be the reason that the universe is made of matter rather than antimatter? are there sterile neutrinos ? could neutrinos from a core-collapse supernova in the Milky Way allow us to peer inside a newly-formed neutron star and potentially witness the birth of a black hole ? DUNE far detectors will use the novel Liquid Argon TPC technology, which allows very big detectors ‚ÄĒ 70.000 tons of Liquid Argon at 87 K‚ÄĒ with millimeter scale 3D precision and excellent calorimetric and particle identification capabilities. An ambitious prototyping program is being carried out at CERN, with two large prototypes, the first of which started data taking in September in 2018. &nbsp;</p