1,906 research outputs found

    Muonium spectrum beyond the nonrelativistic limit

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    A generalization of the Gell-Mann-Low theorem is applied to the antimuon-electron system. The bound state spectrum is extracted numerically. As a result, fine and hyperfine structure are reproduced correctly near the nonrelativistic limit (and for arbitrary masses). We compare the spectrum for the relativistic value alpha = 0.3 with corresponding calculations in light-front quantization.Comment: 6 pages, LaTeX, 2 figures, uses aipxfm.sty. Talk delivered at the XI Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico, November 7-12, 2007; to be published in the proceeding

    Coherent nu-N scattering and the search for physics beyond the standard model

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    We focus in future proposals to measure coherent neutrino-nuclei scattering and we show that such kind of experiments are very sensitive to nonstandard neutrino interactions with quarks. First in a model independent parametrization and then we focused in particular models such as leptoquarks and models with extra neutral gauge bosons and with R-parity breaking interactions. We show that in all these three different types of new physics it is possible to obtain competitive bounds to those of future collider experiments. For the particular case of leptoquarks we found that the expected sensitivity to the coupling and mass for most of the future experimental setups is quite better than the current constraints.Comment: 6 pages, 1 Figure, Talk given at 11th Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields 2007, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico, 7-12 Nov 200

    Neutrino Flavor States and the Quantum Theory of Neutrino Oscillations

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    The standard theory of neutrino oscillations is reviewed, highlighting the main assumptions: the definition of the flavor states, the equal-momentum assumption and the time = distance assumption. It is shown that the standard flavor states are correct approximations of the states that describe neutrinos in oscillation experiments. The equal-momentum assumption is shown to be unnecessary for the derivation of the oscillation probability. The time = distance assumption derives from the wave-packet character of the propagating neutrinos. We present a simple quantum-mechanical wave-packet model which allows us to describe the coherence and localization of neutrino oscillations.Comment: 16 pages; talk presented at the XI Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields, 7-12 November 2007, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexic

    Constraining a bulk viscous matter-dominated cosmological model using SNe Ia, CMB and LSS

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    We present and constrain a cosmological model which component is a pressureless fluid with bulk viscosity as an explanation for the present accelerated expansion of the universe. We study the particular model of a constant bulk viscosity coefficient \zeta_m. The possible values of \zeta_m are constrained using the cosmological tests of SNe Ia Gold 2006 sample, the CMB shift parameter R from the three-year WMAP observations, the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) peak A from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the Second Law of Thermodynamics (SLT). It was found that this model is in agreement with the SLT using only the SNe Ia test. However when the model is submitted to the three cosmological tests together (SNe+CMB+BAO) the results are: 1.- the model violates the SLT, 2.- predicts a value of H_0 \approx 53 km sec^{-1} Mpc^{-1} for the Hubble constant, and 3.- we obtain a bad fit to data with a \chi^2_{min} \approx 400 (\chi^2_{d.o.f.} \approx 2.2). These results indicate that this model is ruled out by the observations.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. Work presented in the XI Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico, nov 7-12, 2007. Submitted to AIP Conference Proceedings of this conferenc

    Proton to pion ratio at RHIC from dynamical quark recombination

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    We propose an scenario to study, from a dynamical point of view, the thermal recombination of quarks in the midsts of a relativistic heavy-ion collision. We coin the term dynamical quark recombination to refer to the process of quark-antiquark and three-quark clustering, to form mesons and baryons, respectively, as a function of energy density. Using the string-flip model we show that the probabilities to form such clusters differ. We apply these ideas to the calculation of the proton and pion spectra in a Bjorken-like scenario that incorporates the evolution of these probabilities with proper time and compute the proton to pion ratio, comparing to recent RHIC data at the highest energy. We show that for a standard choice of parameters, this ratio reaches one, though the maximum is very sensitive to the initial evolution proper time.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of the XI Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields, Tuxtla Gutierrez Chiapas, Mexico, 7-12 Nov. 200

    Nearly tri-bimaximal mixing in the S_3 flavour symmetry

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    We present an analysis of the theoretical neutrino mixing matrix, V_{PMNS}^{th}, previously derived in the framework of the minimal S_3-invariant extension of the Standard Model. All entries in the neutrino mixing matrix, V_{PMNS}^{th}, the mixing angles and the Majorana phases are given as exact, explicit analytical functions of the mass ratios of the charged leptons and neutrinos, and one Dirac phase, in excellent agreement with the the latest experimental data. Here, it will be shown that all entries in V_{PMNS}^{th} are numerically very close to the tri-bimaximal form of the neutrino mixing matrix, so that V_{PMNS}^{th} may be written as V^{tri}+\Delta V_{PMNS}^{tri}. The small correction \Delta V_{PMNS}^{tri} is expressed as a sum of two terms: first, a small correction term proportional to m_{e}/m_{\mu} depending only on the charged lepton mass ratios and, second, a Cabbibo-like, small term, \delta t_{12}, which is a function of both the charged lepton and the neutrino mass ratios.Comment: 6 pages, Talk given at XI Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico, 7-12 Nov 2007. To be published in AIP conference proceeding

    Combined Forward-Backward Asymmetry Measurements in Top-Antitop Quark Production at the Tevatron

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    The CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron have measured the asymmetry between yields of forward- and backward-produced top and antitop quarks based on their rapidity difference and the asymmetry between their decay leptons. These measurements use the full data sets collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of s=1.96\sqrt s =1.96 TeV. We report the results of combinations of the inclusive asymmetries and their differential dependencies on relevant kinematic quantities. The combined inclusive asymmetry is AFBttňČ=0.128¬Ī0.025A_{\mathrm{FB}}^{t\bar{t}} = 0.128 \pm 0.025. The combined inclusive and differential asymmetries are consistent with recent standard model predictions

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an