41 research outputs found

    AVALIA√á√ÉO PARASITOL√ďGICA DO SOLO EM PRA√áAS P√öBLICAS NO MUNIC√ćPIO DE JEREMOABO, BA

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    As doen√ßas parasit√°rias acometem grande parcela da popula√ß√£o mundial, especialmente crian√ßas em pa√≠ses em desenvolvimento. Diante desta realidade o presente estudo teve como objetivo geral realizar an√°lise parasitol√≥gica do solo das pra√ßas p√ļblicas de Jeremoabo, BA. Para isso, foi realizada pesquisa em quatro pra√ßas da cidade, sendo o principal crit√©rio de inclus√£o das pra√ßas a presen√ßa de caixas de areia. Durante as coletas foram observadas as caracter√≠sticas clim√°ticas (umidade, temperatura, ventos e presen√ßa ou aus√™ncia de chuva). Foram selecionados dez pontos de coleta de solo em cada pra√ßa e realizadas coletas mensais entre junho e outubro de 2017. Os m√©todos empregados nas an√°lises do solo foi o de sedimenta√ß√£o espont√Ęnea e os de concentra√ß√£o de Rugai e de Willis. Os resultados apontaram que todas as quatro pra√ßas apresentaram positividade para algum tipo de parasita. Os parasitas e as formas parasit√°rias com potencial zoon√≥tico encontrados foram: ovos de Toxocara spp., ancilostomideos, oxiurideos e Trichuris spp, e larvas de Strongyloides spp. O geohelminto mais abundante foi o Toxocara spp. representando 57,8% (100/173) das ocorr√™ncias, seguido de ancilostomideos com 35,3% (61/173). As causas de contamina√ß√£o das pra√ßas est√£o associadas com as condi√ß√Ķes f√≠sicas, ambientais e sanit√°rias destes lugares, desta forma, fatores como a presen√ßa de cercas, umidade, solo arenoso, temperatura adequada, educa√ß√£o em sa√ļde, rotatividade, entre outras, est√£o relacionadas com a positividade para geohelmintos nestes espa√ßos p√ļblicos. H√° a necessidade de conscientiza√ß√£o dos usu√°rios da pra√ßa em rela√ß√£o ao potencial zoon√≥tico das fezes de animais presente em ambientes p√ļblicos e pr√≥ximos a locais de divers√£o das crian√ßas

    As epistemologias do sul e as experiências da américa-latina: um significado diferenciado para a propriedade ou outras formas de apropriação?

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    The European colonial movement imposed and administered a hegemonic model of world that marked all the modernity, a model that does not give alternatives and that perpetuates discrimination. This study entails demonstrating the historical occurrence of the colonial movement, and present the current epistemologies alternative conquered from the South, the spin-colonial, democracy and the new constitutional movement born in Latin America. Indeed, this transformer nascent constitutional movement in Latin America has emerged as a result of new constituent processes that positivaram principles, values and rights that represent a counterpoint to the constitutional Eurocentric model imposed on Latin America, which proved far from the specific social needs of the continent. In this perspective, wins highlighted the need to reflect on the construction of the idea of nature in the modern and colonial thought and how the notion of colonialism still survives in Latin American nations process, affecting its culture in ways that produce knowledge and how they are determined. The study also aims to examine the way in which the Latin American political Letters they conducted culture of living well, inaugurating the ecocentric constitutionalism aimed at integrating man to nature, breaking with the anthropocentric feature which was based on modern constitutionalism and the dominant pattern of development. Finally, give yourself will focus on the meaning of land ownership proposed by the movement, analyzing the right to ownership of land under a decolonial epistemological perspective, born of the claims and struggles of people who traditionally occupy.O movimento colonial Europeu imp√īs e administrou um modelo hegem√īnico de mundo que marcou toda a modernidade, um modelo que n√£o confere alternativas e que perpetua a descrimina√ß√£o. O presente estudo enseja demonstrar a ocorr√™ncia hist√≥rica do movimento colonial e, apresentar as alternativas atuais conquistadas a partir das epistemologias do Sul, o giro descolonial, a democracia e o novo movimento constitucional nascido na Am√©rica Latina. Com efeito, esse movimento constitucional transformador nascente na Am√©rica Latina surgiu em decorr√™ncia de novos processos constituintes que positivaram princ√≠pios, valores e direitos que representam um contraponto ao modelo constitucional euroc√™ntrico imposto √† Am√©rica Latina, que se mostrou distante das demandas sociais espec√≠ficas do continente. Nessa perspectiva, ganha evid√™ncia a necessidade de se refletir acerca do processo de constru√ß√£o da ideia de natureza no pensamento moderno e colonial e de como a no√ß√£o de colonialidade ainda sobrevive nas na√ß√Ķes latino-americanas, influindo na sua cultura, nos modos que produzem o conhecimento e no modo como que se determinam. O estudo ainda se prop√Ķe a analisar o modo pelo qual as Cartas Pol√≠ticas latino-americanas positivaram a cultura do bem viver, inaugurando o constitucionalismo ecoc√™ntrico que visa integrar o homem √† natureza, rompendo com a fei√ß√£o antropoc√™ntrica sobre a qual se pautou o constitucionalismo moderno e o padr√£o dominante de desenvolvimento. Por fim, dar-se-√° enfoque ao significado de propriedade agr√°ria proposto pelo movimento, analisando o direito de propriedade da terra sob uma perspectiva epistemol√≥gica descolonial, nascida das reivindica√ß√Ķes e lutas dos povos que tradicionalmente as ocupam

    Schistosomiasis mansoni in urban Northeast Brazil: influence of rainfall regime on the population dynamics of Biomphalaria sp.

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    Introduction Our objective was to evaluate the influence of rainfall regime on the population dynamics of Biomphalaria in a potential urban focus of schistosomiasis in Aracaju, Brazil, during 2009-2010. Methods Snails were collected monthly and were counted, measured and identified; the level of infection and fecal contamination at the sampling sites was determined; rainfall data were obtained. Results High levels of fecal contamination were observed, and the abundance of Biomphalaria glabrata increased during the rainy and post-rainy seasons. The snails' size was variable, and infected snails were identified independently of rainfall. Conclusions These results provide evidence of anthropogenic and climate interference in an urban focus of schistosomiasis in the Aracaju metropolitan area.65465

    Development and Evaluation of Stability of a Gel Formulation Containing the Monoterpene Borneol

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    Borneol is a bicyclic monoterpenoid alcohol commonly used in traditional Chinese and Indian medicine. It is extracted from the essential oil of various medicinal plants. It has antibacterial, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory action proven in studies that used oral and intraperitoneal applications of this monoterpene in mice. The current study was designed to develop a topical gel formulation containing the monoterpene borneol using carbopol as gel base and to evaluate its stability. The prepared formulation was subjected to physical characterization and physical-chemistry assessment. The gel was prepared from carbopol and 5% of borneol. The prepared gel was subjected to pharmacotechnical tests such as its pH, viscosity, conductivity, spreadability, centrifugation, and accelerated stability with freezing-thaw cycle. The borneol was successfully incorporated into the carbopol formulation. Borneol gel (BG5) showed good stability after eight months of its development and after 12 days in the freeze-thaw cycle, not showing statistical difference in pH value, conductivity, and viscosity before and after test. Furthermore, the formulation showed a good spreadability. Therefore, it was concluded that the formulation could be very promising alternative for the topical or transdermal treatment of skin diseases
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