63 research outputs found

    Feebly-interacting particles: FIPs 2022 Workshop Report

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    Particle physics today faces the challenge of explaining the mystery of dark matter, the origin of matter over anti-matter in the Universe, the origin of the neutrino masses, the apparent fine-tuning of the electro-weak scale, and many other aspects of fundamental physics. Perhaps the most striking frontier to emerge in the search for answers involves new physics at mass scales comparable to familiar matter, below the GeV-scale, or even radically below, down to sub-eV scales, and with very feeble interaction strength. New theoretical ideas to address dark matter and other fundamental questions predict such feebly interacting particles (FIPs) at these scales, and indeed, existing data provide numerous hints for such possibility. A vibrant experimental program to discover such physics is under way, guided by a systematic theoretical approach firmly grounded on the underlying principles of the Standard Model. This document represents the report of the FIPs 2022 workshop, held at CERN between the 17 and 21 October 2022 and aims to give an overview of these efforts, their motivations, and the decadal goals that animate the community involved in the search for FIPs

    Feebly Interacting Particles: FIPs 2022 workshop report

    Get PDF
    Particle physics today faces the challenge of explaining the mystery of dark matter, the origin of matter over anti-matter in the Universe, the origin of the neutrino masses, the apparent fine-tuning of the electro-weak scale, and many other aspects of fundamental physics. Perhaps the most striking frontier to emerge in the search for answers involves new physics at mass scales comparable to familiar matter, below the GeV-scale, or even radically below, down to sub-eV scales, and with very feeble interaction strength. New theoretical ideas to address dark matter and other fundamental questions predict such feebly interacting particles (FIPs) at these scales, and indeed, existing data provide numerous hints for such possibility. A vibrant experimental program to discover such physics is under way, guided by a systematic theoretical approach firmly grounded on the underlying principles of the Standard Model. This document represents the report of the FIPs 2022 workshop, held at CERN between the 17 and 21 October 2022 and aims to give an overview of these efforts, their motivations, and the decadal goals that animate the community involved in the search for FIPs

    Feebly-interacting particles: FIPs 2022 workshop report

    Get PDF
    Particle physics today faces the challenge of explaining the mystery of dark matter, the origin of matter over anti-matter in the Universe, the origin of the neutrino masses, the apparent fine-tuning of the electro-weak scale, and many other aspects of fundamental physics. Perhaps the most striking frontier to emerge in the search for answers involves new physics at mass scales comparable to familiar matter, below the GeV-scale, or even radically below, down to sub-eV scales, and with very feeble interaction strength. New theoretical ideas to address dark matter and other fundamental questions predict such feebly interacting particles (FIPs) at these scales, and indeed, existing data provide numerous hints for such possibility. A vibrant experimental program to discover such physics is under way, guided by a systematic theoretical approach firmly grounded on the underlying principles of the Standard Model. This document represents the report of the FIPs 2022 workshop, held at CERN between the 17 and 21 October 2022 and aims to give an overview of these efforts, their motivations, and the decadal goals that animate the community involved in the search for FIPs

    Feebly-interacting particles: FIPs 2022 workshop report

    Get PDF
    Particle physics today faces the challenge of explaining the mystery of dark matter, the origin of matter over anti-matter in the Universe, the origin of the neutrino masses, the apparent fine-tuning of the electro-weak scale, and many other aspects of fundamental physics. Perhaps the most striking frontier to emerge in the search for answers involves new physics at mass scales comparable to familiar matter, below the GeV-scale, or even radically below, down to sub-eV scales, and with very feeble interaction strength. New theoretical ideas to address dark matter and other fundamental questions predict such feebly interacting particles (FIPs) at these scales, and indeed, existing data provide numerous hints for such possibility. A vibrant experimental program to discover such physics is under way, guided by a systematic theoretical approach firmly grounded on the underlying principles of the Standard Model. This document represents the report of the FIPs 2022 workshop, held at CERN between the 17 and 21 October 2022 and aims to give an overview of these efforts, their motivations, and the decadal goals that animate the community involved in the search for FIPs

    Farmaci e gravidanza

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    I farmaci, nel loro corrente impiego, vanno usati per la prevenzione e per la cura delle malattie. E' indubbio che essi possono avere anche effetti secondari dannosi per l'organismo e, in gravidanza, anche per il prodotto del concepimento. Ponendosi la necessitĂ  del loro impiego anche nella particolare condizione fisiologica rappresentata dalla gravidanza, il razionale e responsabile ricorso ad essi costituisce il maggiore impegno del terapeuta soprattutto nella scelta del tipo di farmaci e della posologia adeguati alla situazione patologica in causa. "Primum non nocere", ma non al punto di sacrificare la vita stessa della gravida in ossequio al prudente atteggiamento di controindicare qualsiasi farmaco in gravidanza. La gravida, nel suo interesse e nell'interesse del prodotto del concepimento, deve essere seguita con il massimo impegno semeiologico, profilattico e, se necessario, anche terapeutico, supportata dai dati derivanti dalla letteratura internazionale riguardante l'uso dei farmaci in gravidanza

    Dynamical evolution of axion condensates under stimulated decays into photons

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    axion, condensateDark matter axion condensates may experience stimulated decays into photon pairs. This effect has been often interpreted as a parametric resonance of photons from the axion-photon coupling, leading to an exponential growth of the photon occupation number in a narrow instability band. Most of the previous literature does not consider the possible evolution of the axion field due to the photon growth. We revisit this effect presenting a mean field solution of the axion-photon kinetic equations, in terms of number of photons and pair correlations. We study the limit of no axion depletion, recovering the known instability. Moreover, we extend the results including a possible depletion of the axion field. In this case we find that the axion condensate exhibits the behavior of an inverted pendulum. We discuss the relevance of these effects for two different cases: a homogeneous axion field at recombination and a localized axion clump and discuss constraints that could result from the induced photon background

    Enhanced Supernova Axion Emission and Its Implications

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    We calculate the axion emission rate from reactions involving thermal pions in matter encountered in supernovae and neutron star mergers, identify unique spectral features, and explore their implications for astrophysics and particle physics. We find that it is about 2-5 times larger than nucleon-nucleon bremsstrahlung, which in past studies was considered to be the dominant process. The axion spectrum is also found be much harder. Together, the larger rates and higher axion energies imply a stronger bound on the mass of the QCD axion and better prospects for direct detection in a large underground neutrino detector from a nearby galactic supernova

    Turbulent axion-photon conversions in the Milky Way TURBULENT AXION-PHOTON CONVERSIONS in the MILKY ... CARENZA, EVOLI, GIANNOTTI, MIRIZZI, and MONTANINO

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    The Milky Way magnetic field can trigger conversions between photons and axionlike particles (ALPs), leading to peculiar features on the observable photon spectra. Previous studies considered only the regular component of the magnetic field. However, observations consistently show the existence of an additional turbulent component, with a similar strength and correlated on a scale of a few 10 pc. We investigate the impact of the turbulent magnetic field on the ALP-photon conversions, characterizing the effects numerically and analytically. We show that the turbulent magnetic field can change the conversion probability by up to a factor of two and may lead to observable irregularities in the observable photon spectra from different astrophysical sources
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