204 research outputs found

    Lessons Learned: Andreas Lehnert

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    Andreas Lehnert was chief of the Federal Reserve’s Household and Real Estate Finance Section at the onset of the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–09 (GFC) and played a key role in implementing the Fed’s research and policy agenda on financial stability. He developed and helped run the Fed’s first regulatory bank stress tests in 2009, and in 2010 played a role in launching the Office of Financial Stability Policy and Research, which became the Division of Financial Stability. This “Lessons Learned” is based on an interview with Mr. Lehnert

    Lessons Learned: Steven Adamske

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    Steven Adamske was Communications Director for the House Financial Services Committee under Chairman Barney Frank in 2008 and later served as a spokesman for the Treasury Department under Secretary Timothy Geithner. Adamske handled communications for issues including the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), the auto industry rescue, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. At Treasury, he specialized in domestic finance issues such as the reform of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the wind-down of TARP, and implementation of Dodd-Frank. This Lessons Learned summary is based on an interview with Mr. Adamske

    Lessons Learned: Kevin Stiroh

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    Kevin Stiroh was head of the Financial Sector Analysis Supervision Group at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) during the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–2009 (GFC). At the FRBNY, Stiroh was a leader in the design of the “stress test” for the banking system, the Supervisory Capital Assessment Program (SCAP). In the aftermath of the GFC, members of the FRBNY, including Stiroh, drafted a report on systemic risk and bank supervision, laying out lessons learned from the crisis and their recommendations. In February 2021, Stiroh transitioned from the FRBNY to a leadership position with the Federal Reserve Board where he leads the system’s supervisory work related to the financial risks of climate change and chairs the Supervision Climate Committee, a newly formed Federal Reserve System–wide group that will build the system’s capacity regarding the potential impacts of climate on financial institutions, infrastructure and markets. This Lessons Learned is based on an interview with Stiroh conducted in December 2020

    Lessons Learned: Claudia Sahm

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    Claudia Sahm was a principal economist in the Division of Research and Statistics of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System from 2007 to 2017 and section chief for the Consumer & Community Development section in the Division of Consumer and Community Affairs from 2017 to 2019. Her work focused on macro forecasting; she also researched household behavior and responses to fiscal stimulus. While at the Fed, she proposed the Sahm Rule, a gauge to call the start of a recession, based on an average of the unemployment rate. The rule is part of Sahm’s work on the use of automatic stabilizers to improve fiscal policy response in times of economic crisis. In 2019, Sahm left the Fed and advised Congress on fiscal policy. In 2021, she became a senior fellow at the Jain Family Institute, where she now serves as director of macroeconomic research. This Lessons Learned is based on an interview with Sahm that occurred in December 2020

    Lessons Learned: Christopher Seefer

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    Christopher Seefer was recruited to the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission (FCIC) to serve as the commission’s director of investigations. The 10-member bipartisan commission wascharged with investigating and determining the cause of the global financial crisis of 2007-09 (GFC). The commission held over 19 hearings and interviewed more than 700 people from September 2010 to January 2011 and produced a662-page report that attempted to explain why the crisis came about and the roles of government and private enterprises in the crisis.This “Lessons Learned” is based on an interview with Mr. Seefer

    Lessons Learned: Jack Gutt

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    Gutt, who joined the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in 2009 as Vice President, Head of Media Relations and Public Affairs, shares with us his reflections on that period

    Lessons Learned: Richard “Jake” Siewert

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    Siewert served as counselor to US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner from 2009 to 2011 during the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–09 (GFC). He had previously served in the Clinton administration, including as a special assistant to the president for economic affairs, at the National Economic Council, and as deputy White House press secretary. He also handled the press secretary duties from September 30, 2000, to January 20, 2001. This “Lessons Learned” is based on an interview with Mr. Siewert

    Lessons Learned: Til Schuermann

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    Til Schuermann joined the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) in 2001 and held several positions during his tenure, including senior vice president and head of Financial Intermediation in Research and head of Credit Risk in Bank Supervision. In spring 2009, he played a leadership role in the design and execution of the “bank stress test” and the subsequent Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) programs. After leaving the FRBNY in March 2011, he became a partner at management consulting firm Oliver Wyman, where he has led stress testing for more than 25 banks and financial institutions. He participated in the European Central Bank’s Comprehensive Assessment in 2014 and conducted a 2016 assessment of the Bank of England’s stress-testing program for the International Monetary Fund. This Lessons Learned is based on an interview with Schuermann on September 28, 2021

    Lessons Learned: Andrew Gray

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    Andrew Gray joined the FDIC in 2007, after having been majority director of communications for the US Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and press secretary for US Senator Richard C. Shelby (R–AL). Gray’s initial project was a campaign to mark the 75th anniversary of the creation of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC); his role evolved into running crisis communications as the FDIC stepped in during several bank failures triggered by the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and conducted 489 bank resolutions during 2008–2013. After the crisis, the FDIC also assumed new responsibilities over the winding down of failing banks under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. This Lessons Learned is based on an interview with Gray held in October 2021

    Lessons Learned: Deborah Perelmuter

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    Deborah Perelmuter has spent more than three decades with the Federal Reserve System. In 2008, as senior vice president at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) and co-head of Capital Markets Analysis and Trading (CMAT) within the Markets Group, she was tasked with setting up the operational details of the Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF). The TSLF auctioned Treasury securities to primary dealers in exchange for less liquid collateral to provide liquidity to those firms during the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–2009. Perelmuter became senior financial stability adviser within the office of the director in the FRBNY’s Research and Statistics Group. In January 2010, she was appointed to a new position in the FRBNY Communications Group, charged with improving the bank’s overall communications and transparency. This Lesson Learned is based on an interview with Perelmuter that occurred on March 24, 202
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