863 research outputs found

    The capability of capacitive sensors in the monitoring relative humidity in hypogeum environments

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    Hypogeum environments are characterized by high levels of relative humidity (RH). Most humidity sensors currently in use are based on the capacitive effect of the dielectric material to change according to water vapour uptake. In hypogeum environments the dielectric material can be saturated by water vapor, implying a significant error in the RH measurement. To improve the capacity of this type of humidity sensors, a modified hygrometer capacitive sensor, which uses a heating cycle to avoid the condensation, has been recently developed by Rotronic®. During four field campaigns in two different hypogea environments (the Monkey Tomb in Siena and the Mithreum of Caracalla Baths in Rome), RH was measured using the conventional capacitive sensor (CCS) and the heated capacitive sensor (HCS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the capability of HCS to detect RH variations when the environmental conditions were close to vapor saturation. Significant differences were found between the measurements of the two sensors: when RH was close to 100%, the CCS was not able to detect the RH decrease, giving only a measure of RH=100%, while HCS detected such a RH decrease. Therefore, these results encourage the use of HCS in the monitoring of RH levels in extreme humidity sites such as hypogea sites

    Annual Report of the Town Officers of the Town of Alfred Maine For the Year Ending February 15, 1913

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    A novel dielectric resonator antenna (DRA), working at 28 GHz with a peak gain of 12.4 dBi over a fractional bandwidth of 12.6%, is presented. The novel design achieves side-lobe levels below -10 dB for both the E and H-planes so to meet the requirements of the new generation 5G wireless communications systems

    Elucidation of the pre-nucleation phase directing metal-organic framework formation

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    Metal-organic framework (MOF) crystallization is governed by molecular assembly processes in the pre-nucleation stage. Yet, unravelling these pre-nucleation pathways and rationalizing their impact on crystal formation poses a great challenge since probing molecular-scale assemblies and macroscopic particles simultaneously is very complex. Herein, we present a multimodal, integrated approach to monitor MOF nucleation across multiple length scales by combining in situ optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and molecular simulations. This approach allows tracing initial metal-organic complexes in solution and their assembly into oligomeric nuclei and simultaneously probing particle formation. During Co-ZIF-67 nucleation, a metal-organic pool forms with a variety of complexes caused by ligand exchange and symmetry reduction reactions. We discriminate complexes capable of initiating nucleation from growth species required for oligomerization into frameworks. Co4-nuclei are observed, which grow into particles following autocatalytic kinetics. The geometric and compositional variability of metal-organic pool species clarifies long-debated amorphous zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF)-particle nucleation and non-classic pathways of MOF crystallization

    Design and construction of the MicroBooNE Cosmic Ray Tagger system

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    The MicroBooNE detector utilizes a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) with an 85 t active mass to study neutrino interactions along the Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) at Fermilab. With a deployment location near ground level, the detector records many cosmic muon tracks in each beam-related detector trigger that can be misidentified as signals of interest. To reduce these cosmogenic backgrounds, we have designed and constructed a TPC-external Cosmic Ray Tagger (CRT). This sub-system was developed by the Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP), Albert Einstein center for fundamental physics, University of Bern. The system utilizes plastic scintillation modules to provide precise time and position information for TPC-traversing particles. Successful matching of TPC tracks and CRT data will allow us to reduce cosmogenic background and better characterize the light collection system and LArTPC data using cosmic muons. In this paper we describe the design and installation of the MicroBooNE CRT system and provide an overview of a series of tests done to verify the proper operation of the system and its components during installation, commissioning, and physics data-taking

    Liquid biopsy beyond cancer: a miRNA detection in serum with electrochemical chip for non-invasive coeliac disease diagnosis

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    Coeliac disease is a very common autoimmune disease estimated to affect 1 in 100 people worldwide. It occurs in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine, and it is accurately diagnosticated through duodenal biopsy, an invasive diagnostic method. The liquid biopsy, generally used for monitoring cancer, is an appealing alternative even for autoimmune pathology such as coeliac disease, allowing for detecting disease progression or resistance to treatment. For this reason, an electrochemical peptide nucleic acid (PNA) device combined with a smartphone-assisted potentiostat for non-invasive coeliac disease diagnosis is proposed, by measuring the selected overexpressed miRNA-486-5p in serum, enlarging the application of liquid biopsy in nontumor pathologies. For highly sensitive detection, the polyester-based printed sensor is nanomodified with gold nanoparticles and a synthetic customized PNA probe. The designed sensor can detect the target analyte in the range of 10–100 nM with a limit of detection of 0.7 nM by measuring the variation of the response of the electrochemical mediator hexaammineruthenium in the presence of PNA–miRNA duplex on the nanostructured working electrode surface. The analyses testing serum samples are found in agreement with ones obtained by realxtime quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), demonstrating the reliability of this innovative electrochemical chip developed

    Ionization Electron Signal Processing in Single Phase LArTPCs II. Data/Simulation Comparison and Performance in MicroBooNE

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    The single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) provides a large amount of detailed information in the form of fine-grained drifted ionization charge from particle traces. To fully utilize this information, the deposited charge must be accurately extracted from the raw digitized waveforms via a robust signal processing chain. Enabled by the ultra-low noise levels associated with cryogenic electronics in the MicroBooNE detector, the precise extraction of ionization charge from the induction wire planes in a single-phase LArTPC is qualitatively demonstrated on MicroBooNE data with event display images, and quantitatively demonstrated via waveform-level and track-level metrics. Improved performance of induction plane calorimetry is demonstrated through the agreement of extracted ionization charge measurements across different wire planes for various event topologies. In addition to the comprehensive waveform-level comparison of data and simulation, a calibration of the cryogenic electronics response is presented and solutions to various MicroBooNE-specific TPC issues are discussed. This work presents an important improvement in LArTPC signal processing, the foundation of reconstruction and therefore physics analyses in MicroBooNE.Comment: 54 pages, 36 figures; the first part of this work can be found at arXiv:1802.0870
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