1,792 research outputs found

    Technical quality assessment of an optoelectronic system for movement analysis

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    The Optoelectronic Systems (OS) are largely used in gait analysis to evaluate the motor performances of healthy subjects and patients. The accuracy of marker trajectories reconstruction depends on several aspects: the number of cameras, the dimension and position of the calibration volume, and the chosen calibration procedure. In this paper we propose a methodology to evaluate the eects of the mentioned sources of error on the reconstruction of marker trajectories. The novel contribution of the present work consists in the dimension of the tested calibration volumes, which is comparable with the ones normally used in gait analysis; in addition, to simulate trajectories during clinical gait analysis, we provide non-default paths for markers as inputs. Several calibration procedures are implemented and the same trial is processed with each calibration le, also considering dierent cameras congurations. The RMSEs between the measured trajectories and the optimal ones are calculated for each comparison. To investigate the signicant dierences between the computed indices, an ANOVA analysis is implemented. The RMSE is sensible to the variations of the considered calibration volume and the camera congurations and it is always inferior to 43 mm

    Influence of Cooking Conditions on Nutritional Properties and Sensory Characteristics Interpreted by E-Senses: Case-Study on Selected Vegetables

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    This study investigates the effects of three cooking methods (boiling, steaming and microwaving) on the nutritional and physical properties of cauliflowers, carrots and sweet potatoes; e-senses were applied to interpret the sensory characteristics according to physico-chemical aspects. The nutritional quality was evaluated by determining the concentrations of key components and the antioxidant activity; e-sense data, combined with texture parameters, were processed by a principal component analysis. The cooking method and time significantly influenced the quality of the three products. Boiling, which detrimentally affected ascorbic acid, total phenolic concentration and antioxidant activity, enhanced carotene accessibility. Steaming produced losses in ascorbic acid, increasing total phenolics and carotenoids. Microwaving resulted in minor changes in ascorbic acid concentrations, preserved carotenoids and increased total phenolics. The nutritional quality was better preserved or enhanced using shorter cooking times. The elaboration of the data collected by the e-senses showed a clear evolution according to the cooking method and time. The results helped to determine the cooking method that best preserves the nutritional properties of the vegetables, highlighting the applicability of rapid instrumental methods to interpret the evolution of sensory characteristics

    Domains of elliptic operators on sets in Wiener space

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    Let X be a separable Banach space endowed with a non-degenerate centered Gaussian measure μ. The associated Cameron-Martin space is denoted by H. Consider two sufficiently regular convex functions U: X → R and G: X →R We let ν = e-Uμ and ω = G-1(-∞, 0]. In this paper, we study the domain of the self-adjoint operator associated with the quadratic form {equation presented} and we give sharp embedding results for it. In particular, we obtain a characterization of the domain of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in Hilbert space with ω = X and on half-spaces, namely if U 0 and G is an affine function, then the domain of the operator defined via (0.1) is the space u {equation presented}, where ρ is the Feyel-de La Pradelle Hausdorff-Gauss surface measure

    Modulation of the lexical-semantic network by auditory semantic priming: An event-related functional MRI study

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    The current event-related fMRI study specifies the neuroanatomical correlates of semantic priming and differences in semantic relation types using an auditory primed lexical decision task (LDT). Word pairs consisted of different relation types, associations (key–chain), pure categorical relations (cow–dog), and unrelated words (table–window), as well as word–pseudoword (way–tinne) and pseudoword–pseudoword (ahurn–döva) pairs. The factor lexical status, i.e., the processing of words compared to pseudowords, was associated with activation in the middle temporal gyri and the left striatum. The factor relatedness, i.e., the contrast between unrelated and related target words, was associated with increased activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus, the deep frontal operculum bilaterally, and the middle frontal gyri. A direct contrast between the two semantic relation types indicated that the processing of purely categorical compared to associative information recruits the right precuneus, the isthmus gyrus cinguli, and the cuneus, suggesting more effortful processing of the former information type. The present data show that the factors lexical status, semantic relatedness, and type of semantic relation in a primed LDT modulate the hemodynamic response in cerebral areas that subserve auditory word recognition and subsequent lexical–semantic processing

    The radio and IR counterparts of the ring nebula around HD211564

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    We report the detection of the radio and infrared counterparts of the ring nebula around the WN3(h) star HD211564 (WR152), located to the southwest of the HII region Sh2132. Using radio continuum data from the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey, we identified the radio counterparts of the two concentric rings, of about 9' and 16' in radius, related to the star. After applying a filling factor f = 0.05-0.12, electron densities and ionized masses are in the range 10-16 cm^-3 and 450-700 Mo, respectively. The analysis of the HI gas emission distribution allowed the identification of 5900 Mo of neutral atomic gas with velocities between -52 and -43 km/s probably linked to the nebula. The region of the nebula is almost free of molecular gas. Only four small clumps were detected, with a total molecular mass of 790 Mo. About 310 Mo are related to a small infrared shell-like source linked to the inner ring, which is also detected in the MSX band A. An IRAS YSO candidate is detected in coincidence with the shell-like IR source. We suggest that the optical nebula and its neutral counterparts originated from the stellar winds from the WR star and its massive progenitor, and are evolving in the envelope of a slowly expanding shell centered at (l,b) = (102 30, -0 50), of about 31 pc in radius. The bubble's energy conversion efficiency is in agreement with recent numerical analysis and with observational results.Comment: 11 pages, 7 figures, accepted in MNRA

    Multifrequency study of the ring nebula SG13

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    We investigate the morphology and kinematics of the interstellar medium in the environs of the open cluster Mrk50, which includes the Wolf-Rayet star WR157 and a number of early B-type stars. The analysis was performed using radio continuum images at 408 and 1420 MHz, and HI 21cm line data taken from the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey, molecular observations of the 12CO (J=1-0) line at 115 GHz from the Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory and available mid and far IR observations obtained with the MSX and IRAS satellites, respectively. This study allowed identification of the radio continuum and molecular counterpart of the ring nebula SG13, while no neutral atomic structure was found to be associated. The nebula is also detected in images in the mid and far infrared, showing the existence of dust well mixed with the ionized gas. We estimate the main physical parameters of the material linked to the nebula. The interstellar gas distribution in the environs of Mrk50 is compatible with a stellar wind bubble created by the mass loss from WR157. The distribution of young stellar object (YSO) candidates in the region shows that stellar formation activity may be present in the molecular shell that encircles the ring nebula.Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRAS, 13 pages, 11 figure

    Mass loss rate determinations of southern OB stars

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    A sample of OB stars (eleven Of, one O and one B supergiant) has been surveyed with the Australia Telescope Compact Array at 4.8 and 8.64 GHz with a resolution of 2'' -- 4''. Five stars were detected; three of them have negative spectral indices, consistent with non-thermal emission, and two have positive indices. The thermal radiation from HD 150135 and HD 163181 can be explained as coming from an optically thick ionized stellar wind. The non-thermal radiation from CD-47 4551, HD 124314 and HD 150136 possibly comes from strong shocks in the wind itself and/or in the wind colliding region if the stars have a massive early-type companion. The percentage of non-thermal emitters among detected O stars has increased up to ~50%. The Of star HD 124314 clearly shows flux density variations. Mass loss rates (or upper limits) were derived for all the observed stars and the results compared with non-radio measurements and theoretical predictions.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, A&A accepte

    [Accepted Manuscript] Field testing a draft version of the UNICEF/Washington Group Module on child functioning and disability. Background, methodology and preliminary findings from Cameroon and India

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    Background Global child disability data are generally non-comparable, comprising different tools, methodologies and disability definitions. UNICEF and The Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG) have developed a new tool on child functioning and disability to address this need. Aims The aim of this paper is to describe the development of the new module, and to present an independent field test of the draft module in two contrasting settings. Methods UNICEF and the WG developed a parent-reported survey module to identify children aged 2�17 years with functional difficulties in population-based surveys through: review of existing documentation, consultation with experts and cognitive testing. A field test of the draft module was undertaken in Cameroon and India within a population-based survey. Functional limitation in each of 14 domains was scored on a scale comprising �no difficulty�, �some difficulty�, �a lot of difficulty� and �cannot do�. Results In all, 1713 children in Cameroon and 1101 children in India were assessed. Sixty-four percent of children in Cameroon and 35% of children in India were reported to have at least some difficulty in one or more domain. The proportion reported to have either �a lot of difficulty� or �cannot do� was 9% in Cameroon and 4% in India. There were no significant differences in reported functional difficulties by sex but children aged 2�4 were reported to have fewer functional difficulties of any kind compared with older children in both countries. Conclusion Comparable estimates were generated between the two countries, providing an initial overview of the tool's outputs. The continued development of this standardised questionnaire for the collection of robust and reliable data on child disability is essential
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