2,093 research outputs found

    The effects of upcoding, cream skimming and readmissions on the Italian hospitals efficiency: a population–based investigation

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    In this paper we analyze the effects of some distortions induced by prospective payment system, i.e. Upcoding, Cream Skimming and Readmissions, on hospitals’ technical efficiency. We estimate a production function using a population–based dataset composed by all active hospitals in an Italian region during the period 1998–2007. We show that cream skimming and upcoding have a negative impact on hospitals’ technical efficiency, while readmissions have a positive effect. Moreover, we find that private hospitals are more engaged in cream skimming than public and not–for–profit ones, while we observe no ownership differences regarding upcoding. Not–for–profit hospitals have the highest readmission index. Last, not–for–profit and public hospitals have the same efficiency levels, while private hospitals have the lowest technical efficiency.Upcoding, Cream Skimming, Readmission, Hospital Technical Efficiency, Ownership.

    Oral manifestations in a boy with X-linked reticulate pigmentary disorder

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    X-linked reticulate pigmentary disorder (XLPDR) is a rare, multi-systemic disease with only a limited number of families described in the literature. XLPDR has a genetic origin and the gene has been mapped to Zp22p21. Dental features resemble those of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. A case of a 3-years-old boy is described

    The effects of upcoding, cream skimming and readmissions on the Italian hospitals efficiency: a population–based investigation

    Get PDF
    In this paper we analyze the effects of some distortions induced by prospective payment system, i.e. Upcoding, Cream Skimming and Readmissions, on hospitals’ technical efficiency. We estimate a production function using a population–based dataset composed by all active hospitals in an Italian region during the period 1998–2007. We show that cream skimming and upcoding have a negative impact on hospitals’ technical efficiency, while readmissions have a positive effect. Moreover, we find that private hospitals are more engaged in cream skimming than public and not–for–profit ones, while we observe no ownership differences regarding upcoding. Not–for–profit hospitals have the highest readmission index. Last, not–for–profit and public hospitals have the same efficiency levels, while private hospitals have the lowest technical efficiency

    Oral manifestation of Goltz-Gorlin syndrome in a young girl

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    Introduction Focal dermal hypoplasia (Goltz-Gorlin syndrome) is a multi-system disorder characterized by involvement of skin, skeletal system, eyes and face. It is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the PORCN gene. We report the case of a young female, focusing on the dental features. Aim To describe the oral manifestation of a rare disorder that resembles ectodermal dysplasia (ED). Case report Clinical, radiological and genetic findings revealed common features of Goltz-Gorlin syndrome and pure ED. Oro-dental characteristics of the patient mostly corresponded to those described in the literature. However, previously unreported oro-dental findings such as taurodontism, peg-shaped teeth and microdontia are considered unusual for Goltz-Gorlin syndrome, but similar to the dental features of hypohidrotic ED. Clinical characterization of the patient by a multidisciplinary approach is described and a comprehensive review of the literature is presented
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