4 research outputs found

    Joaninhas dos Açores um projeto de Ciência Cidadã na Região

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    A sec√ß√£o UAci√™ncia √© coordenada pelo Professor Universit√°rio Armindo Rodrigues.[‚Ķ]. Foi neste √Ęmbito que surgiu o projeto ‚ÄúCi√™ncia Cidad√£ nos A√ßores: o uso de joaninhas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) como esp√©cies-modelo‚ÄĚ. O objetivo principal do projeto e a distribui√ß√£o das diversas esp√©cies de joaninhas existentes nos A√ßores, bem como assegurar um sistema de aviso para o caso de alguma esp√©cie com potencial invasor chegar a Regi√£o. A escolha das joaninhas, como esp√©cie-modelo, partiu do princ√≠pio de que estas criam elevada empatia com p√ļblico em geral, sendo facilmente reconhecidas entre os diversos insetos. Estas pertencem √† ordem Coleoptera (Insecta), fam√≠lia Coccinellidae, cujas duas principais caracter√≠sticas s√£o a presen√ßa de um par de asas (anteriores) modificadas, enrijecidas e designadas de √©litros, que se encontram e formam uma linha central, cobrindo o abd√≥men, protegendo um segundo par de asas (posteriores), utilizadas para o voo. Por sua vez, o aparelho bucal serve para mastigar, em vez de ser utilizado para suc√ß√£o. [‚Ķ].info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Ciência Cidadã nos Açores : o uso de joaninhas (Coleptera: Coccinellidae) como espécies-modelo

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    Disserta√ß√£o de Mestrado, Biodiversidade e Biotecnologia, 27 mar√ßo de 2019, Universidade dos A√ßores.O presente trabalho pretende relatar os primeiros avan√ßos realizados no cen√°rio de um programa de Ci√™ncia Cidad√£ nos A√ßores, com vista a detetar esp√©cies de joaninhas n√£o nativas na regi√£o. Assim, este trabalho consistiu, em primeiro lugar, na compila√ß√£o e organiza√ß√£o de dados sobre as joaninhas historicamente referenciadas para o arquip√©lago dos A√ßores e, em segundo lugar, com essa informa√ß√£o, desenvolver uma interface com os cidad√£os. De forma a ajudar na recolha de dados, foram elaborados guias de campo e de laborat√≥rio para a observa√ß√£o e identifica√ß√£o de joaninhas, sempre no √Ęmbito da Ci√™ncia Cidad√£. Todos os protocolos e chave de identifica√ß√£o foram, posteriormente, testados por grupos de volunt√°rios pertencentes √†s escolas da Ribeira Grande, da Lagoa e val√™ncias da Santa Casa da Miseric√≥rdia da Ribeira Grande. Foram criadas, tamb√©m, plataformas virtuais (p√°gina Web e p√°gina Facebook) com o intuito de permitir ao cidad√£o comum contribui√ß√£o com dados atrav√©s das suas pr√≥prias observa√ß√Ķes. Essas contribui√ß√Ķes ser√£o, posteriormente, utilizadas na investiga√ß√£o, por t√©cnicos qualificados, de maneira a poderem ser utilizadas na identifica√ß√£o de potenciais invasoras.ABSTRACT: The present work intends to report the first achievements made in the scenario of a Citizen Science program in the Azores, in order to detect non-native ladybird species in the region. Thus, this work consisted, firstly, in the compilation and organization of data on the ladybirds historically referenced in the Azores archipelago, and, secondly, consisted in the development of an interface, with the citizens, using the information. In order to assist in the collection of data, field and laboratory guides were developed for the observation and identification of ladybirds, always within the scope of Citizen Science. All guides and identification keys were later tested by groups of volunteers from schools in Ribeira Grande and Lagoa and from valences of Santa Casa da Miseric√≥rdia da Ribeira Grande. Virtual platforms (Web and Facebook pages) were also created in order to enable the average citizen to contribute with data through their own observations. These contributions will subsequently be used in the investigation by qualified technicians so that they can be used in the identification of potentials invaders

    An updated checklist to the biodiversity data of ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of the Azores Archipelago (Portugal)

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    BACKGROUND: A recently-published review from 2021 presents a comprehensive checklist of ladybeetles of Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira Archipelagos. Until then, the available information was very scattered and based on a single revision dating back to 1986, a few international catalogues and databases, individual records and studies on communities of agroecosystems. However, no information was available on faunal composition across the Azorean islands and their habitats, using standardised inventories. Here, we present data about the biodiversity of ladybeetles and their distribution and abundance in five Islands of the Azores (Faial, Graciosa, Pico, S√£o Jorge and S√£o Miguel). Surveys included herbaceous and arboreal habitats from native to anthropogenic-managed habitats: ruderal road vegetation, vegetable garden, mixed forest of endemic and non-native host plants, coastal prairies, coastal mixed vegetation, cornfields and urban areas. We aimed to contribute to the ongoing effort to document the terrestrial biodiversity of Portugal, including the Archipelago of the Azores, within the research project AZORESBIOPORTAL‚ÄďPORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072). NEW INFORMATION: In this study, a total of 1,487 specimens of Coccinellidae belonging to 19 species are reported for several habitats. The listed species are from one single sub-familiy (Coccinellinae) and six tribes; Chilocorini (one species), Coccidulini (three species), Coccinellini (six species), Noviini (one species), Scymnini (seven species), Stethorini (one species). The number of species collected per island differed; Faial (10 species), Graciosa (four species), Pico (seven species), S√£o Jorge (seven species) and S√£o Miguel (12 species). For six species, new island records are given. Currently, the number of species known to occur in the Azores are 32, including two doubtful records. The majority of species are Scymnini, being Scymnus (Scymnus) interruptus (Goeze, 1777) and Scymnus (Scymnus) nubilus Mulsant, 1850, the most abundant species (relative abundance 71.1%). This database will be the baseline of a long-term monitoring project allowing assessment of the impact of ongoing global changes in the distribution and abundance of ladybeetles.This study was financed by FEDER in 85% and by Azorean Public funds by 15% through the Operational Programme Azores 2020, under the following projects AZORESBIOPORTAL‚ÄďPORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072) and under the project ECO -TUTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000081) and by the Official Forestry Services from the Regional Government of the Azores, through the research projects PICA (Utiliza√ß√£o de agentes de controlo biol√≥gico para o combate a popula√ß√Ķes de af√≠deos em plantas end√©micas produzidas em viveiro) and PICONIA (Controlo biol√≥gico de popula√ß√Ķes de pragas de plantas end√©micas produzidas em viveiro). Isabel Borges was funded by a PhD grant from Funda√ß√£o para a Ci√™ncia e a Tecnologia (FCT) (POCI 2010).info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    An annotated checklist of ladybeetle species (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira Archipelagos

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    Research ArticleA comprehensive annotated checklist of the ladybeetle species of Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira archipelagos, is presented. The Coccinellidae fauna comprises a total of 101 species: 83 from the Mainland, 39 from Madeira, and 32 from the Azores. The listed species are distributed among 2 sub-families and 13 tribes: within the subfamily Microweiseinae, Madeirodulini (1 species), Serangiini (2 species), and within the subfamily Coccinellinae, Azyini (1 species), Chilocorini (4 species), Coccidulini (7 species), Coccinellini (30 species), Epilachnini (4 species), Hyperaspidini (7 species), Noviini (2 species), Platynaspini (1 species), Scymnini (37 species), Stethorini (3 species), and Sticholotidini (2 species). The Portuguese fauna comprises 10 exotic species: 5 present in the Mainland, 7 in Madeira, and 6 in the Azores. Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773) from Madeira, Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Azores, Delphastus catalinae (Horn, 1895) from the Azores and Madeira, Nephus (Geminosipho) reunioni (F√ľrsch, 1974) and Nephus (Nephus) voeltzkowi Weise, 1910 from Madeira and Microserangium sp. from the Mainland, are reported for the first time. Some species are considered doubtful records, as explained in the text. These results were obtained by compiling information on the available literature regarding ladybeetle species on the Portuguese mainland and insular territories, and original datainfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio
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