1,230 research outputs found

    Searching for short baseline anomalies with the LAr-TPC detector at shallow depths

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    The ICARUS Collaboration has operated successfully the Liquid Argon time projection chamber (LAr-TPC), a novel and continuously sensitive bubble chamber like neutrino detector in the GranSasso Laboratory and an underground neutrino beam coming from the CERN-SPS. ICARUS may now be moved at the 8 GeV FNAL-Booster for a search of LSND-like neutrino-electron anomalies at a shallow depth and shorter distance from the target, where three experiments will simultaneously study neutrinos at three different locations. New and substantial modifications are described in order to make ICARUS operable in the presence of such a large cosmic ray muon background

    First operation of a liquid Argon TPC embedded in a magnetic field

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    We have operated for the first time a liquid Argon TPC immersed in a magnetic field up to 0.55 T. We show that the imaging properties of the detector are not affected by the presence of the magnetic field. The magnetic bending of the ionizing particle allows to discriminate their charge and estimate their momentum. These figures were up to now not accessible in the non-magnetized liquid Argon TPC.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figure

    ArgoNeuT and the Neutrino-Argon Charged Current Quasi-Elastic Cross Section

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    ArgoNeuT, a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber in the NuMI beamline at Fermilab, has recently collected thousands of neutrino and anti-neutrino events between 0.1 and 10 GeV. The experiment will, among other things, measure the cross section of the neutrino and anti-neutrino Charged Current Quasi-Elastic interaction and analyze the vertex activity associated with such events. These topics are discussed along with ArgoNeuT's automated reconstruction software, currently capable of fully reconstructing the muon and finding the event vertex in neutrino interactions.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, presented at the International Nuclear Physics Conference, Vancouver, Canada, July 4-9, 2010, to be published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS

    Neutrino oscillation physics at an upgraded CNGS with large next generation liquid Argon TPC detectors

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    The determination of the missing Ue3U_{e3} element (magnitude and phase) of the PMNS neutrino mixing matrix is possible via the detection of \numu\to\nue oscillations at a baseline LL and energy EE given by the atmospheric observations, corresponding to a mass squared difference E/LΔm22.5×103eV2E/L \sim \Delta m^2\simeq 2.5\times 10^{-3} eV^2. While the current optimization of the CNGS beam provides limited sensitivity to this reaction, we discuss in this document the physics potential of an intensity upgraded and energy re-optimized CNGS neutrino beam coupled to an off-axis detector. We show that improvements in sensitivity to θ13\theta_{13} compared to that of T2K and NoVA are possible with a next generation large liquid Argon TPC detector located at an off-axis position (position rather distant from LNGS, possibly at shallow depth). We also address the possibility to discover CP-violation and disentangle the mass hierarchy via matter effects. The considered intensity enhancement of the CERN SPS has strong synergies with the upgrade/replacement of the elements of its injector chain (Linac, PSB, PS) and the refurbishing of its own elements, envisioned for an optimal and/or upgraded LHC luminosity programme.Comment: 37 pages, 20 figure