12,328 research outputs found

    QCDF90: Lattice QCD with Fortran 90

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    We have used Fortran 90 to implement lattice QCD. We have designed a set of machine independent modules that define fields (gauge, fermions, scalars, etc...) and overloaded operators for all possible operations between fields, matrices and numbers. With these modules it is very simple to write high-level efficient programs for QCD simulations. To increase performances our modules also implements assignments that do not require temporaries, and a machine independent precision definition. We have also created a useful compression procedure for storing the lattice configurations, and a parallel implementation of the random generators. We have widely tested our program and modules on several parallel and single processor supercomputers obtaining excellent performances.Comment: LaTeX file, 8 pages, no figures. More information available at: http://hep.bu.edu/~leviar/qcdf90.htm

    Phase Diagram of a Classical Fluid in a Quenched Random Potential

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    We consider the phase diagram of a classical fluid in the presence of a random pinning potential of arbitrary strength. Introducing replicas for averaging over the quenched disorder, we use the hypernetted chain approximation to calculate the correlations in the replicated liquid. The freezing transition of the liquid into a nearly crystalline state is studied using a density functional approach, and the liquid-to-glass transition is studied using a phenomenological replica symmetry breaking approach introduced by Mezard and Parisi. The first-order liquid-to-crystal transition is found to change to a continuous liquid-to-glass transition as the strength of the disorder is increased above a threshold value.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, to appear in EuroPhysics Letter

    Spatial persistence and survival probabilities for fluctuating interfaces

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    We report the results of numerical investigations of the steady-state (SS) and finite-initial-conditions (FIC) spatial persistence and survival probabilities for (1+1)--dimensional interfaces with dynamics governed by the nonlinear Kardar--Parisi--Zhang (KPZ) equation and the linear Edwards--Wilkinson (EW) equation with both white (uncorrelated) and colored (spatially correlated) noise. We study the effects of a finite sampling distance on the measured spatial persistence probability and show that both SS and FIC persistence probabilities exhibit simple scaling behavior as a function of the system size and the sampling distance. Analytical expressions for the exponents associated with the power-law decay of SS and FIC spatial persistence probabilities of the EW equation with power-law correlated noise are established and numerically verified.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure

    Entropic Origin of the Growth of Relaxation Times in Simple Glassy Liquids

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    Transitions between ``glassy'' local minima of a model free-energy functional for a dense hard-sphere system are studied numerically using a ``microcanonical'' Monte Carlo method that enables us to obtain the transition probability as a function of the free energy and the Monte Carlo ``time''. The growth of the height of the effective free energy barrier with density is found to be consistent with a Vogel-Fulcher law. The dependence of the transition probability on time indicates that this growth is primarily due to entropic effects arising from the difficulty of finding low-free-energy saddle points connecting glassy minima.Comment: Four pages, plus three postscript figure

    Third-Generation TB-LMTO

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    We describe the screened Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) method and the third-generation linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) method for solving the single-particle Schroedinger equation for a MT potential. The simple and popular formalism which previously resulted from the atomic-spheres approximation (ASA) now holds in general, that is, it includes downfolding and the combined correction. Downfolding to few-orbital, possibly short-ranged, low-energy, and possibly orthonormal Hamiltonians now works exceedingly well, as is demonstrated for a high-temperature superconductor. First-principles sp3 and sp3d5 TB Hamiltonians for the valence and lowest conduction bands of silicon are derived. Finally, we prove that the new method treats overlap of the potential wells correctly to leading order and we demonstrate how this can be exploited to get rid of the empty spheres in the diamond structure.Comment: latex2e, 32 printed pages, Postscript figs, to be published in: Tight-Binding Approach to Computational Materials Science, MRS Symposia Proceedings No. 491 (MRS, Pittsburgh, 1998

    Melting and structure of the vortex solid in strongly anisotropic layered superconductors with random columnar pins

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    We study the melting transition of the low-temperature vortex solid in strongly anisotropic layered superconductors with a concentration of random columnar pinning centers small enough so that the areal density of the pins is much less than that of the vortex lines. Both the external magnetic field and the columnar pins are assumed to be oriented perpendicular to the layers Our method, involving numerical minimization of a model free energy functional, yields not only the free energy values at the local minima of the functional but also the detailed density distribution of the system at each minimum: this allows us to study in detail the structure of the different phases. We find that at these pin concentrations and low temperatures, the thermodynamically stable state is a topologically ordered Bragg glass. This nearly crystalline state melts into an interstitial liquid (a liquid in which a small fraction of vortex lines remain localized at the pinning centers) in two steps, so that the Bragg glass and the liquid are separated by a narrow phase that we identify from analysis of its density structure as a polycrystalline Bose glass. Both the Bragg glass to Bose glass and the Bose glass to interstitial liquid transitions are first-order. We also find that a local melting temperature defined using a criterion based on the degree of localization of the vortex lines exhibits spatial variations similar to those observed in recent experiments.Comment: 17 page

    The Taming of QCD by Fortran 90

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    We implement lattice QCD using the Fortran 90 language. We have designed machine independent modules that define fields (gauge, fermions, scalars, etc...) and have defined overloaded operators for all possible operations between fields, matrices and numbers. With these modules it is very simple to write QCD programs. We have also created a useful compression standard for storing the lattice configurations, a parallel implementation of the random generators, an assignment that does not require temporaries, and a machine independent precision definition. We have tested our program on parallel and single processor supercomputers obtaining excellent performances.Comment: Talk presented at LATTICE96 (algorithms) 3 pages, no figures, LATEX file with ESPCRC2 style. More information available at: http://hep.bu.edu/~leviar/qcdf90.htm

    Dilaton Brane Cosmology with Second Order String Corrections and the Cosmological Constant

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    We consider, in five dimensions, the effective action from heterotic string which includes quantum gravity corrections up to (a')^2. The expansion, in the string frame, is in terms of |a'R|, where R is the scalar curvature and uses the third order Euler density, next to the Gauss-Bonnet term. For a positive tension brane and infinite extra dimension, the logarithmic class of solutions is less dependent from fine-tuning problems than in previous formulations. More importantly, the model suggests that in the full non-perturbative formulation, the string scale can be much lower than the effective Planck mass, without the string coupling to be vanishingly small. Also a less severe fine-tuning of the brane tension in needed.Comment: 19 pages, 5 figures LaTeX. Accepted for publication in IJMP

    TROUT STEAKS: CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF A NEW FOOD ITEM

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    Water quality standards and a limited water supply have dramatically restricted the expansion of the U.S. trout industry. Faced with production restrictions, producers have turned to value-added products to strengthen the economic growth of the industry. In the near future, trout steaks could surface in retail outlets as a new revenue source for the mature trout industry. A telephone survey of consumers in Chicago and Los Angeles was conducted by the University of Idaho in the spring of 1997 to determine consumer preferences for trout steaks and, ultimately, to determine the viability of this product form. Using a probit analysis, fresh trout steaks were found to be more popular than frozen trout steaks. Consumers that exhibited significantly higher preference for fresh trout steaks were Hispanic, had high school education (or less), and/or believed that trout was less expensive than other meats. Chicago respondents and individuals with an urban background tended to display a higher preference toward frozen trout steaks.Consumer/Household Economics,
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