2,949 research outputs found

    Associated Standard Model Higgs boson search with ATLAS

    Get PDF
    The observation with the ATLAS detector at the LHC of a Standard Model Higgs boson produced in association with ttbar, W or Z bosons, and decaying to WW and bbbar ïŹnal is reported. Events characterized by the presence of two or three leptons are analyzed to search for the Higgs boson produced in association with vector bosons. Events with two b-tagged jets are selected in association with ttbar topologies. The studies are based on the analysis of Monte Carlo signal and background data simulated in detail through the experimental apparatus

    Investigation of the discovery potential of a Higgs boson in the t\bar{t}H^{o}, H^{o} \rightarrow b\bar{b} channel with the ATLAS experiment

    Get PDF
    The production of a light Standard Model Higgs boson in association with a top-quark pair at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is studied in a simulation of the multipurpose ATLAS experiment. The Higgs boson is assumed to decay into a b\bar{b} pair, and the top-quark pair to decay semi-leptonically. The main background process for this channel is the production of t\bar{t} events, which can be divided into reducible and irreducible components. In the process of generating these components separately, an overlap of events is created through the addition of b-quarks to t\bar{t} events via parton showering in the t\bar{t}X sample. These events are already included in the matrix-element cross-section calculation for the t\bar{t}b\bar{b} sample. A new procedure for the overlap removal is presented in this thesis. Two analyses are studied, where one aims at the full reconstruction of the nal state using a cut-based approach. Recently, this way of reconstructing the t\bar{t}H^{o}(H^{o}\rightarrow b\bar{b}) process has been found to be extremely challenging. The other analysis is based on a new method employing state-of-the-art jet reconstruction and decomposition techniques where the t\bar{t} pair and the Higgs boson are required to have large transverse momenta and can therefore be reconstructed as massive Higgs and top jets. A recent phenomenological study has shown that the t\bar{t}H^{o} process can be recovered as a promising search channel for a low mass Standard Model Higgs boson around 120 GeV using this approach. Finally, to enhance the sensitivity of the t\bar{t}H^{o} channel, a combination of the two analyses is presented

    Etiological Profile and Treatment Outcome of Epistaxis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northwestern Tanzania: A Prospective Review of 104 Cases.

    Get PDF
    Epistaxis is the commonest otolaryngological emergency affecting up to 60% of the population in their lifetime, with 6% requiring medical attention. There is paucity of published data regarding the management of epistaxis in Tanzania, especially the study area. This study was conducted to describe the etiological profile and treatment outcome of epistaxis at Bugando Medical Centre, a tertiary care hospital in Northwestern Tanzania. This was a prospective descriptive study of the cases of epistaxis managed at Bugando Medical Centre from January 2008 to December 2010. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS computer software version 15. A total of 104 patients with epistaxis were studied. Males were affected twice more than the females (2.7:1). Their mean age was 32.24 ± 12.54 years (range 4 to 82 years). The modal age group was 31-40 years. The commonest cause of epistaxis was trauma (30.8%) followed by idiopathic (26.9%) and hypertension (17.3%). Anterior nasal bleeding was noted in majority of the patients (88.7%). Non surgical measures such as observation alone (40.4%) and anterior nasal packing (38.5%) were the main intervention methods in 98.1% of cases. Surgical measures mainly intranasal tumor resection was carried out in 1.9% of cases. Arterial ligation and endovascular embolization were not performed. Complication rate was 3.8%. The overall mean of hospital stay was 7.2 ± 1.6 days (range 1 to 24 days). Five patients died giving a mortality rate of 4.8%. Trauma resulting from road traffic crush (RTC) remains the most common etiological factor for epistaxis in our setting. Most cases were successfully managed with conservative (non-surgical) treatment alone and surgical intervention with its potential complications may not be necessary in most cases and should be the last resort. Reducing the incidence of trauma from RTC will reduce the incidence of emergency epistaxis in our centre

    Mesoscopic modelling of 2-CN-PPV/PPV polymer LED

    Get PDF
    Although optoelectronic devices made of polymers are very attractive ones (low cost, easy to make), problems related to charge transport, exciton quenching, among others, can be an obstacle for their performance. The use of heterojunctions made of two polymers can be a strategy for improving the efficiency of polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs) at low bias. Here we present a theoretical study of the influence of bilayer structure in a PLED made of PPV and 2-CN-PPV, by adopting a mesoscopic approach. Our results show that the presence of the polymer/polymer interface improves charge injection and leads to a confinement of charges near it, which will increase the number recombination events in the middle of the device compared to the equivalent single-layer PLEDs.Fundação para a CiĂȘncia e a Tecnologia (FCT) Programa Operacional “CiĂȘncia , Tecnologia, Inovação” POCTI/CTM/41574/2001, CONC-REEQ/443/EEI/2001 e SFRH/BD/22143/200

    Structure, Photophysics and the Order-Disorder Transition to the Beta Phase in Poly(9,9-(di -n,n-octyl)fluorene)

    Full text link
    X-ray diffraction, UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy have been used to study the well-known order-disorder transition (ODT) to the beta phase in poly(9,9-(di n,n-octyl)fluorene)) (PF8) thin film samples through combination of time-dependent and temperature-dependent measurements. The ODT is well described by a simple Avrami picture of one-dimensional nucleation and growth but crystallization, on cooling, proceeds only after molecular-level conformational relaxation to the so called beta phase. Rapid thermal quenching is employed for PF8 studies of pure alpha phase samples while extended low-temperature annealing is used for improved beta phase formation. Low temperature PL studies reveal sharp Franck-Condon type emission bands and, in the beta phase, two distinguishable vibronic sub-bands with energies of approximately 199 and 158 meV at 25 K. This improved molecular level structural order leads to a more complete analysis of the higher-order vibronic bands. A net Huang-Rhys coupling parameter of just under 0.7 is typically observed but the relative contributions by the two distinguishable vibronic sub-bands exhibit an anomalous temperature dependence. The PL studies also identify strongly correlated behavior between the relative beta phase 0-0 PL peak position and peak width. This relationship is modeled under the assumption that emission represents excitons in thermodynamic equilibrium from states at the bottom of a quasi-one-dimensional exciton band. The crystalline phase, as observed in annealed thin-film samples, has scattering peaks which are incompatible with a simple hexagonal packing of the PF8 chains.Comment: Submitted to PRB, 12 files; 1 tex, 1 bbl, 10 eps figure

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    Get PDF
    This paper presents measurements of the W+→Ό+ÎœW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and W−→Ό−ΜW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for chargino-neutralino production with mass splittings near the electroweak scale in three-lepton final states in √s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector