5,870 research outputs found

    Balancing Privacy and Proof: Discovery of Nonparty Medical Records

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    Qualitative Exploration of the Daily Experiences and Challenges Faced by Parents and Caregivers of Children with Tourette's Syndrome.

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    This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Amanda K. Ludlow, Rachel Brown, and Joerg Schulz, ‘A qualitative exploration of the daily experiences and challenges faced by parents and caregivers of children with Tourette’s syndrome’. The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Journal of Health Psychology, September 2016, published by SAGE Publishing, All rights reserved. Copyright © 2016, © SAGE PublicationsFew studies address the daily challenges faced by parents of children diagnosed with Tourette’s syndrome. This article reports on a qualitative interview study with 15 parents exploring their experiences, the challenges they face and the support mechanisms they have found to be most helpful. Thematic analysis identified four core categories which represented shared experiences of the participants: coping with children’s challenging behaviours, misconceptions and lack of understanding of professionals and the lay public, negative experiences of their children’s education and lack of support and services for families with Tourette’s syndrome. The findings highlight the challenges of parenting a child with Tourette’s syndrome, particularly with respect to family life and the child’s schooling.Peer reviewedFinal Accepted Versio

    Off-line processing: reciprocal interactions between declarative and procedural memories

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    The acquisition of declarative (i.e., facts) and procedural (i.e., skills) memories may be supported by independent systems. This same organization may exist, after memory acquisition, when memories are processed off-line during consolidation. Alternatively, memory consolidation may be supported by interactive systems. This latter interactive organization predicts interference between declarative and procedural memories. Here, we show that procedural consolidation, expressed as an off-line motor skill improvement, can be blocked by declarative learning over wake, but not over a night of sleep. The extent of the blockade on procedural consolidation was correlated to participants' declarative word recall. Similarly, in another experiment, the reciprocal relationship was found: declarative consolidation was blocked by procedural learning over wake, but not over a night of sleep. The decrease in declarative recall was correlated to participants' procedural learning. These results challenge the concept of fixed independent memory systems; instead, they suggest a dynamic relationship, modulated by when consolidation takes place, allowing at times for a reciprocal interaction between memory systems

    Driving safety: enhancing communication between clients, constructors and designers

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    This paper, which stems from qualitative research undertaken by the CRC for Construction Innovation in the context of the development of a Guide to Best Practice for Safer Construction in the Australian construction industry, investigates the communication relationship between the client, designer and constructor, and identifies the conditions under which effective communication takes place. Previous research has made little headway with respect to putting into practice strategies that have the potential to improve communication between the client, designer and constructor. This paper seeks to address this ongoing problem. From analysis of client, designer and constructor interviews that form part of industry-selected case studies reflecting excellence in OHS, best-practice tools that have the potential to enhance multi-party communication between the client, designer and constructor are presented. This research also informs the development of workable implementation strategies

    'No research is insignificant': implementing a Students-as-Researchers Festival

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    There are increasing demands for Higher Education (HE) students to play a role in research-active communities and, similarly, for College Based Higher Education (CBHE) lecturers to develop their research practices. A cross-consortium Student Research Festival was designed to create a collaborative 'community of discovery' (Coffield and Williamson, 2011) and enable final year students to disseminate their research studies to a wider audience. The Festival drew on current HE pedagogies to build an open communicative space in which the three dimensions of practice architecture (Kemmis et.al., 2014) were embodied. The Festival was evaluated through a Collaborative Action Research project in order to establish how the sharing of research contributed to the participants' identity as researchers. Data were analysed using the a priori categories afforded by the practice architecture framework. Valuable insights emerged into the students' conception of research, as detached from the 'real' world and belonging to the privileged few. These views were challenged by the experience of the Festival, which narrowed the gap between student and researcher and unsettled existing roles. Recommendations include widening the scope of the Festival to include other stakeholders and embedding further research building opportunities in the undergraduate curriculum

    Advances in breast cancer treatment and prevention: preclinical studies on aromatase inhibitors and new selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs).

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    Intensive basic and clinical research over the past 20 years has yielded crucial molecular understanding into how estrogen and the estrogen receptor act to regulate breast cancer and has led to the development of more effective, less toxic, and safer hormonal therapy agents for breast cancer management and prevention. Selective potent aromatase inhibitors are now challenging the hitherto gold standard of hormonal therapy, the selective estrogen-receptor modulator tamoxifen. Furthermore, new selective estrogen-receptor modulators such as arzoxifene, currently under clinical development, offer the possibility of selecting one with a more ideal pharmacological profile for treatment and prevention of breast cancer. Two recent studies in preclinical model systems that evaluate mechanisms of action of these new drugs and suggestions about their optimal clinical use are discussed

    A New Role for Student Media: College Newspapers and the Crisis in Journalism

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    At its core, the goal of journalism is to provide the necessary information to its public to promote democratic participation. Within this sphere, the work of college newspapers is to provide this public service to a university audience. However, as professional newspapers struggle to survive rapidly changing conditions in the industry, college newspapers are assuming responsibility for news that once fell strictly under the jurisdiction of commercial news organizations. As these mutually-influencing transformations occur, academics and media scholars alike are questioning whether college newspapers are structurally capable of handling the responsibilities of a professional newspaper and if so, how existing limitations may be overcome. This research examines the ways that college newspapers have been impacted by the changes in the journalism industry, whether these publications are able to adequately support a weakened commercial press, and how these shifts are apparent at the local and hyperlocal levels

    What Does TV Viewing Have to do with Internet Reading?: Readers, Television ‘Texts’, and Intertextual Links to Companion Websites

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    A growing number of television programs direct their viewers to access an Internet website for further information on a presented topic. The explicit link between television programs and companion Internet websites, both of which communicate information through multiple modes, can be considered a form of intertextuality. Do college students actually avail themselves of TV-Internet connections? Do they believe that this type of intertextuality influences their reading practices? This article reports research on these questions and then explores the implications of TV-Internet intertextuality for literacy and pedagogy

    The Perceptions of Preservice English Education Candidates on Censorship of Literature

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    “The Perceptions of Preservice English Education Candidates on Censorship of Literature� is a pilot study that explores the thoughts, fears, and hopes of preservice English Education candidates regarding censorship of literature, both as a whole and within their future classrooms. Surveys and in-person interviews were conducted with seven preservice English Education candidates and explored questions surrounding the motivations for book banning, how to approach difficult topics, alternative readings, the pros and cons of incorporating contemporary works, student engagement, among other topics. Discourse analysis revealed that concerns about censorship place significant pressure on secondary English teachers to be. Other takeaways included teacher candidates’ worries that they are inheriting a fossilized canon of literature. With the volume and quality of contemporary literature expanding quickly, preservice teachers provide their thoughts on how the canon could be revised to enhance literary and student engagement
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