6,080 research outputs found

    Quantum suppression of shot noise in atom-size metallic contacts

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    The transmission of conductance modes in atom-size gold contacts is investigated by simultaneously measuring conductance and shot noise. The results give unambiguous evidence that the current in the smallest gold contacts is mostly carried by nearly fully transmitted modes. In particular, for a single-atom contact the contribution of additional modes is only a few percent. In contrast, the trivalent metal aluminum does not show this property.Comment: Fig. 2 replaced, small errors correcte

    Ageing effects around the glass and melting transitions in poly(dimethylsiloxane) visualized by resistance measurements

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    The process of ageing in rubbers requires monitoring over long periods (days to years). To do so in non-conducting rubbers, small amounts of carbon-black particles were dispersed in a fractal network through the rubber matrix, to make the rubber conducting without modifying its properties. Continuous monitoring of the resistance reveals the structural changes around the glass and melting transitions and especially details about the hysteresis and ageing processes. We illustrate the method for the semicrystalline polymer poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS).Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    NMR evidence for two-step phase-separation in Nd_{1.85}Ce_{0.15}CuO_{4-delta}

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    By Cu NMR we studied the spin and charge structure in Nd_{2-x}Ce_{x}CuO_{4-delta}. For x=0.15, starting from a superconducting sample, the low temperature magnetic order in the sample reoxygenated under 1 bar oxygen at 900^0 C, reveals a peculiar modulation of the internal field, indicative for a phase characterized by large charge droplets ('Blob'-phase). By prolonged reoxygenation at 4 bar the blobs brake up and the spin structure changes to that of an ordered antiferromagnet (AF). We conclude that the superconductivity in the n-type systems competes with a genuine type I Mott-insulating state

    Superconductivity in a Molecular Metal Cluster Compound

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    Compelling evidence for band-type conductivity and even bulk superconductivity below T_c≈8T\_{\text{c}}\approx 8 K has been found in 69,71^{69,71}Ga-NMR experiments in crystalline ordered, giant Ga_84\_{84} cluster-compounds. This material appears to represent the first realization of a theoretical model proposed by Friedel in 1992 for superconductivity in ordered arrays of weakly coupled, identical metal nanoparticles.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    High-bias stability of monatomic chains

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    For the metals Au, Pt and Ir it is possible to form freely suspended monatomic chains between bulk electrodes. The atomic chains sustain very large current densities, but finally fail at high bias. We investigate the breaking mechanism, that involves current-induced heating of the atomic wires and electromigration forces. We find good agreement of the observations for Au based on models due to Todorov and coworkers. The high-bias breaking of atomic chains for Pt can also be described by the models, although here the parameters have not been obtained independently. In the limit of long chains the breaking voltage decreases inversely proportional to the length.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Observation of Supershell Structure in Alkali Metal Nanowires

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    Nanowires are formed by indenting and subsequently retracting two pieces of sodium metal. Their cross-section gradually reduces upon retraction and the diameters can be obtained from the conductance. In previous work we have demonstrated that when one constructs a histogram of diameters from large numbers of indentation-retraction cycles, such histograms show a periodic pattern of stable nanowire diameters due to shell structure in the conductance modes. Here, we report the observation of a modulation of this periodic pattern, in agreement with predictions of a supershell structure.Comment: Phys. Rev. Lett., in prin

    Evidence for saturation of channel transmission from conductance fluctuations in atomic-size point contacts

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    The conductance of atomic size contacts has a small, random, voltage dependent component analogous to conductance fluctuations observed in diffusive wires (UCF). A new effect is observed in gold contacts, consisting of a marked suppression of these fluctuations when the conductance of the contact is close to integer multiples of the conductance quantum. Using a model based on the Landauer-Buettiker formalism we interpret this effect as evidence that the conductance tends to be built up from fully transmitted (i.e., saturated) channels plus a single, which is partially transmitted.Comment: An error in Eq.(2) was corrected, where a square root was added to the factor (1-cos(gamma)). This results in a revised estimate for the mean free path of 5 nm, which is now fully consistent with the estimates from the series resistance and the thermopowe

    Shot-noise suppression by Fermi and Coulomb correlations in ballistic conductors

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    We investigate the injection of degenerate Fermi-Dirac electrons into a multimode ballistic conductor under the space-charge limited regime. The nonequilibrium current fluctuations were found to be suppressed by both Coulomb and Fermi correlations. We show that the Fermi shot-noise suppression factor is limited below by the value 2kT/epsilon_F, where T is the temperature and epsilon_F the Fermi energy of the injected electrons. The Coulomb noise suppression factor may attain much lower values epsilon_F/2qU, because of its dependence on the applied bias U >> kT/q. The asymptotic behaviour of the overall shot-noise suppression factor in a high degenerate limit was found to be kT/qU, independently of the material parameters.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures, minor changes, published versio

    Spin dynamics and ordering of a cuprate stripe-antiferromagnet

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    In La1.48Nd0.4Sr0.12CuO4 the 139La and 63Cu NQR relaxation rates and signal wipe-out upon lowering temperature are shown to be due to purely magnetic fluctuations. They follow the same renormalized classical behavior as seen in neutron data, when the electronic spins order in stripes, with a small spread in spin stiffness (15% spread in activation energy). The La signal, which reappears at low temperatures, is magnetically broadened and experiences additional wipe-out due to slowing down of the Nd fluctuations.Comment: 4 pages including 3 figures - ref. 16 adde