4,352 research outputs found

    Fast growing instabilities for non-parallel flows

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    Unstable modes growing when two plasma shells cross over a background plasma at arbitrary angle θ\theta, are investigated using a non-relativistic three cold fluids model. Parallel flows with θ=0\theta=0 are slightly more unstable than anti-parallel ones with θ=π\theta=\pi. The case θ=π/2\theta=\pi/2 is as unstable as the θ=0\theta=0 one, but the fastest growing modes are oblique. While the most unstable wave vector varies with orientation, its growth rate slightly evolves and there is no such thing as a stable configuration. A number of exact results can be derived, especially for the θ=π/2\theta=\pi/2 case.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, to appear in Phys. Lett.

    Connection between the two branches of the quantum two-stream instability across the k space

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    The stability of two quantum counter-streaming electron beams is investigated within the quantum plasma fluid equations for arbitrarily oriented wave vectors. The analysis reveals that the two quantum two-stream unstable branches are indeed connected by a continuum of unstable modes with oblique wave vectors. Using the longitudinal approximation, the stability domain for any k is analytically explained, together with the growth rate

    Anisotropic enhanced backscattering induced by anisotropic diffusion

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    The enhanced backscattering cone displaying a strong anisotropy from a material with anisotropic diffusion is reported. The constructive interference of the wave is preserved in the helicity preserving polarization channel and completely lost in the nonpreserving one. The internal reflectivity at the interface modifies the width of the backscatter cone. The reflectivity coefficient is measured by angular-resolved transmission. This interface property is found to be isotropic, simplifying the backscatter cone analysis. The material used is a macroporous semiconductor, gallium phosphide, in which pores are etched in a disordered position but with a preferential direction

    Oblique electromagnetic instabilities for an ultra relativistic electron beam passing through a plasma

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    We present an investigation of the electromagnetic instabilities which are trig gered when an ultra relativistic electron beam passes through a plasma. The linear growth rate is computed for every direction of propagation of the unstable modes, and temperatures are modelled using simple waterbag distribution functions. The ultra relativistic unstable spectrum is located around a very narrow band centered on a critical angle which value is given analytically. The growth rate of modes propagating in this direction decreases like k^(-1/3).Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, to appear in EuroPhysics Letter

    Stable transport in proton driven Fast Ignition

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    Proton beam transport in the context of proton driven Fast Ignition is usually assumed to be stable due to protons high inertia, but an analytical analysis of the process is still lacking. The stability of a charge and current neutralized proton beam passing through a plasma is therefore conducted here, for typical proton driven Fast Ignition parameters. In the cold regime, two fast growing Buneman-like modes are found, with an inverse growth-rate much smaller than the beam time-of-flight to the target core. The stability issue is thus not so obvious, and Kinetic effects are investigated. One unstable mode is found stabilized by the background plasma protons and electrons temperatures. The second mode is also damped, providing the proton beam thermal spread is larger than \sim 10 keV. In Fusion conditions, the beam propagation should therefore be stable.Comment: Submitted to Po

    Harmonic analysis of irradiation asymmetry for cylindrical implosions driven by high-frequency rotating ion beams

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    Cylindrical implosions driven by intense heavy ions beams should be instrumental in a near future to study High Energy Density Matter. By rotating the beam by means of a high frequency wobbler, it should be possible to deposit energy in the outer layers of a cylinder, compressing the material deposited in its core. The beam temporal profile should however generate an inevitable irradiation asymmetry likely to feed the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) during the implosion phase. In this paper, we compute the Fourier components of the target irradiation in order to make the junction with previous works on RTI performed in this setting. Implementing a 1D and 2D beam models, we find these components can be expressed exactly in terms of the Fourier transform of the temporal beam profile. If TT is the beam duration and Ω\Omega its rotation frequency, "magic products" ΩT\Omega T can be identified which cancel the first harmonic of the deposited density, resulting in an improved irradiation symmetry.Comment: 19 pages, 8 figures, to appear in PR