3,235 research outputs found

    Health outcomes in Undernutrition: the role of nutrients, gut dysfunction and the gut microbiome (HUNGer)

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    The HUNGer consortium is comprised of a multi-disciplinary, multi-national consortium of world-leading researchers, with expertise in physiology and nutrition, through to clinical research, public health and agriculture in LMIC settings. The HUNGer consortium was awarded the MRC Confidence in Global Nutrition and Health award in 2018. The HUNGer consortium is developing a programme of work that will directly address United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG-2): End hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. We believe there are a number of critical unanswered questions regarding the role of the gut in undernutrition, which if answered could significantly improve the effective management and prevention of undernutrition. The following document represents the consensus opinion of the HUNGer consortium concerning the key challenges that currently limit the effective management and prevention of undernutrition and the most promising potential solutions

    Severe acute malnutrition promotes bacterial binding over pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion by circulating innate immune cells

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    Property Accounting in the City of New York

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    Dune field pattern formation and recent transporting winds in the Olympia Undae Dune Field, north polar region of Mars

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    High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) imagery of the central Olympia Undae Dune Field in the north polar region of Mars shows a reticulate dune pattern consisting of two sets of nearly orthogonal dune crestlines, with apparent slipfaces on the primary crests, ubiquitous wind ripples, areas of coarse-grained wind ripples, and deflated interdune areas. Geomorphic evidence and dune field pattern analysis of dune crest length, spacing, defect density, and orientation indicates that the pattern is complex, representing two constructional generations of dunes. The oldest and best-organized generation forms the primary crestlines and is transverse to circumpolar easterly winds. Gross bed form-normal analysis of the younger pattern of crestlines indicates that it emerged with both circumpolar easterly winds and NE winds and is reworking the older pattern. Mapping of secondary flow fields over the dunes indicates that the most recent transporting winds were from the NE. The younger pattern appears to represent an influx of sediment to the dune field associated with the development of the Olympia Cavi reentrant, with NE katabatic winds channeling through the reentrant. A model of the pattern reformation based upon the reconstructed primary winds and resulting secondary flow fields shows that the development of the secondary pattern is controlled by the boundary condition of the older dune topography

    The Intrinsic Shapes of Molecular Cloud Fragments over a Range of Length Scales

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    We decipher intrinsic three-dimensional shape distributions of molecular clouds, cloud cores, Bok globules, and condensations using recently compiled catalogues of observed axis ratios for these objects mapped in carbon monoxide, ammonia, through optical selection, or in continuum dust emission. We apply statistical techniques to compare assumed intrinsic axis ratio distributions with observed projected axis ratio distributions. Intrinsically triaxial shapes produce projected distributions which agree with observations. Molecular clouds mapped in 12^{12}CO are intrinsically triaxial but more nearly prolate than oblate, while the smaller cloud cores, Bok globules, and condensations are also intrinsically triaxial but more nearly oblate than prolate.Comment: 12 pages, 11 figures. Version with color figures can be found at http://www.astro.uwo.ca/~cjones/ or http://www.astro.uwo.ca/~basu/. To appear in ApJ, 10 April 2002, v. 569, no.