3,067 research outputs found

    Enhancement of localization length for two interacting kicked rotators

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    We study the effect of coherent propagation of two interacting particles in a disordered potential. The dependence of the enhancement factor for coherent localization length due to interaction is investigated numerically in the model of quantum chaos. The effect of interaction for two particles in many dimensions is also discussed.Comment: 17 pages in revtex, 9 figures (postscript obtained upon request via e-mail at [email protected]) submitted to Nonlinearit

    Shielding and localization in presence of long range hopping

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    We investigate a paradigmatic model for quantum transport with both nearest-neighbor and infinite range hopping coupling (independent of the position). Due to long range homogeneous hopping, a gap between the ground state and the excited states can be induced, which is mathematically equivalent to the superconducting gap. In the gapped regime, the dynamics within the excited states subspace is shielded from long range hopping, namely it occurs as if long range hopping would be absent. This is a cooperative phenomenon since shielding is effective over a time scale which diverges with the system size. We named this effect {\it Cooperative Shielding}. We also discuss the consequences of our findings on Anderson localization. Long range hopping is usually thought to destroy localization due to the fact that it induces an infinite number of resonances. Contrary to this common lore we show that the excited states display strong localized features when shielding is effective even in the regime of strong long range coupling. A brief discussion on the extension of our results to generic power-law decaying long range hopping is also given. Our preliminary results confirms that the effects found for the infinite range case are generic.Comment: 7 pages, 9 figur

    Effect of noise for two interacting particles in a random potential

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    We investigated the effect of noise on propagation of two interacting particles pairs in a quasi one--dimensional random potential. It is shown that pair diffusion is strongly enhanced by short range interaction comparing with the non--interacting case.Comment: 8 Latex pages + 3 postscript figures uu- compressed submitted to Europhysics Letter

    Cooperative Robustness to Static Disorder: Superradiance and localization in a nanoscale ring to model natural light-harvesting systems

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    We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-level systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-level systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect. We consider time-independent random fluctuations of the excitation energies. This static disorder, also called inhomogeneous broadening in literature, induces Anderson localization and is able to quench Superradiance. We identify two different regimes: i)i) weak opening, in which Superradiance is quenched at the same critical disorder at which the states of the closed system localize; ii)ii) strong opening, with a critical disorder strength proportional to both the system size and the degree of opening, displaying robustness of cooperativity to disorder. Relevance to photosynthetic complexes is discussed.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figs., Superradiance, Anderson Localization, Cooperative effects. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    The Topological Non-connectivity Threshold in quantum long-range interacting spin systems

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    Quantum characteristics of the Topological Non-connectivity Threshold (TNT), introduced in F.Borgonovi, G.L.Celardo, M.Maianti, E.Pedersoli, J. Stat. Phys., 116, 516 (2004), have been analyzed in the hard quantum regime. New interesting perspectives in term of the possibility to study the intriguing quantum-classical transition through Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling have been addressed.Comment: contribution to NEXTSIGMAPHI 3r

    Broken Ergodicity in classically chaotic spin systems

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    A one dimensional classically chaotic spin chain with asymmetric coupling and two different inter-spin interactions, nearest neighbors and all-to-all, has been considered. Depending on the interaction range, dynamical properties, as ergodicity and chaoticity are strongly different. Indeed, even in presence of chaoticity, the model displays a lack of ergodicity only in presence of all to all interaction and below an energy threshold, that persists in the thermodynamical limit. Energy threshold can be found analytically and results can be generalized for a generic XY model with asymmetric coupling.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Enhancement of magnetic anisotropy barrier in long range interacting spin systems

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    Magnetic materials are usually characterized by anisotropy energy barriers which dictate the time scale of the magnetization decay and consequently the magnetic stability of the sample. Here we present a unified description, which includes coherent rotation and nucleation, for the magnetization decay in generic anisotropic spin systems. In particular, we show that, in presence of long range exchange interaction, the anisotropy energy barrier grows as the volume of the particle for on site anisotropy, while it grows even faster than the volume for exchange anisotropy, with an anisotropy energy barrier proportional to V2α/dV^{2-\alpha/d}, where VV is the particle volume, αd\alpha \leq d is the range of interaction and dd is the embedding dimension. These results shows a relevant enhancement of the anisotropy energy barrier w.r.t. the short range case, where the anisotropy energy barrier grows as the particle cross sectional area for large particle size or large particle aspect ratio.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures. Theory of Magnetic decay in nanosystem. Non equilibrium statistical mechanics of many body system

    A semiquantal approach to finite systems of interacting particles

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    A novel approach is suggested for the statistical description of quantum systems of interacting particles. The key point of this approach is that a typical eigenstate in the energy representation (shape of eigenstates, SE) has a well defined classical analog which can be easily obtained from the classical equations of motion. Therefore, the occupation numbers for single-particle states can be represented as a convolution of the classical SE with the quantum occupation number operator for non-interacting particles. The latter takes into account the wavefunctions symmetry and depends on the unperturbed energy spectrum only. As a result, the distribution of occupation numbers nsn_s can be numerically found for a very large number of interacting particles. Using the model of interacting spins we demonstrate that this approach gives a correct description of nsn_s even in a deep quantum region with few single-particle orbitals.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Quantum Chaos and Thermalization in Isolated Systems of Interacting Particles

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    This review is devoted to the problem of thermalization in a small isolated conglomerate of interacting constituents. A variety of physically important systems of intensive current interest belong to this category: complex atoms, molecules (including biological molecules), nuclei, small devices of condensed matter and quantum optics on nano- and micro-scale, cold atoms in optical lattices, ion traps. Physical implementations of quantum computers, where there are many interacting qubits, also fall into this group. Statistical regularities come into play through inter-particle interactions, which have two fundamental components: mean field, that along with external conditions, forms the regular component of the dynamics, and residual interactions responsible for the complex structure of the actual stationary states. At sufficiently high level density, the stationary states become exceedingly complicated superpositions of simple quasiparticle excitations. At this stage, regularities typical of quantum chaos emerge and bring in signatures of thermalization. We describe all the stages and the results of the processes leading to thermalization, using analytical and massive numerical examples for realistic atomic, nuclear, and spin systems, as well as for models with random parameters. The structure of stationary states, strength functions of simple configurations, and concepts of entropy and temperature in application to isolated mesoscopic systems are discussed in detail. We conclude with a schematic discussion of the time evolution of such systems to equilibrium.Comment: 69 pages, 31 figure
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