728 research outputs found

    Constraints on the χ_(c1) versus χ_(c2) polarizations in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV

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    The polarizations of promptly produced χ_(c1) and χ_(c2) mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at √s=8  TeV. The χ_c states are reconstructed via their radiative decays χ_c → J/ψγ, with the photons being measured through conversions to e⁺e⁻, which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the χ_(c2) to χ_(c1) yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the J/ψ → μ⁺μ⁻ decay, in three bins of J/ψ transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the helicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum

    Characterisation of the dip-bump structure observed in proton-proton elastic scattering at root s=8 TeV

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    The TOTEM collaboration at the CERN LHC has measured the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering at root s = 8 TeV in the squared four-momentum transfer range 0.2 GeV2 < vertical bar t vertical bar < 1.9 GeV2. This interval includes the structure with a diffractive minimum ("dip") and a secondary maximum ("bump") that has also been observed at all other LHC energies, where measurements were made. A detailed characterisation of this structure for root s = 8 TeV yields the positions, vertical bar t vertical bar(dip) = (0.521 +/- 0.007) GeV2 and vertical bar t vertical bar(bump) = (0.695 +/- 0.026) GeV2, as well as the cross-section values, d sigma/dt vertical bar(dip) = (15.1 +/- 2.5) mu b/GeV2 and d sigma/dt vertical bar(bump) = (29.7 +/- 1.8) mu b/Ge-2, for the dip and the bump, respectively