7,967 research outputs found

    Gauge Invariant Classes of Feynman Diagrams and Applications for Calculations

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    In theories like SM or MSSM with a complex gauge group structure the complete set of Feynman diagrams contributed to a particular physics process can be splited to exact gauge invariant subsets. Arguments and examples given in the review demonstrate that in many cases computations and analysis of the gauge invariant subsets are important.Comment: To appear in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Advanced Computing and Analysis Technics in Physics Research (ACAT2000, Fermilab, October 16-20, 2000); 3 page

    Modified tetrahedron equation and related 3D integrable models,II

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    This work is a continuation of paper (hep-th/9407146) where the Boltzmann weights for the N-state integrable spin model on the cubic lattice has been obtained only numerically. In this paper we present the analytical formulae for this model in a particular case. Here the Boltzmann weights depend on six free parameters including the elliptic modulus. The obtained solution allows to construct a two-parametric family of the commuting two-layer transfer matrices. Presented model is expected to be simpler for a further investigation in comparison with a more general model mentioned above.Comment: 17 pages,LaTeX fil

    Optimized Neural Networks to Search for Higgs Boson Production at the Tevatron

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    An optimal choice of proper kinematical variables is one of the main steps in using neural networks (NN) in high energy physics. Our method of the variable selection is based on the analysis of a structure of Feynman diagrams (singularities and spin correlations) contributing to the signal and background processes. An application of this method to the Higgs boson search at the Tevatron leads to an improvement in the NN efficiency by a factor of 1.5-2 in comparison to previous NN studies.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, partially presented in proceedings of ACAT'02 conferenc

    Factorization of the finite temperature correlation functions of the XXZ chain in a magnetic field

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    We present a conjecture for the density matrix of a finite segment of the XXZ chain coupled to a heat bath and to a constant longitudinal magnetic field. It states that the inhomogeneous density matrix, conceived as a map which associates with every local operator its thermal expectation value, can be written as the trace of the exponential of an operator constructed from weighted traces of the elements of certain monodromy matrices related to Uq(sl^2)U_q (\hat{\mathfrak{sl}}_2) and only two transcendental functions pertaining to the one-point function and the neighbour correlators, respectively. Our conjecture implies that all static correlation functions of the XXZ chain are polynomials in these two functions and their derivatives with coefficients of purely algebraic origin.Comment: 35 page

    Infrared singularities in Landau gauge Yang-Mills theory

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    We present a more detailed picture of the infrared regime of Landau gauge Yang-Mills theory. This is done within a novel framework that allows one to take into account the influence of finite scales within an infrared power counting analysis. We find that there are two qualitatively different infrared fixed points of the full system of Dyson-Schwinger equations. The first extends the known scaling solution, where the ghost dynamics is dominant and gluon propagation is strongly suppressed. It features in addition to the strong divergences of gluonic vertex functions in the previously considered uniform scaling limit, when all external momenta tend to zero, also weaker kinematic divergences, when only some of the external momenta vanish. The second solution represents the recently proposed decoupling scenario where the gluons become massive and the ghosts remain bare. In this case we find that none of the vertex functions is enhanced, so that the infrared dynamics is entirely suppressed. Our analysis also provides a strict argument why the Landau gauge gluon dressing function cannot be infrared divergent.Comment: 29 pages, 25 figures; published versio

    Minimal Gauge Invariant Classes of Tree Diagrams in Gauge Theories

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    We describe the explicit construction of groves, the smallest gauge invariant classes of tree Feynman diagrams in gauge theories. The construction is valid for gauge theories with any number of group factors which may be mixed. It requires no summation over a complete gauge group multiplet of external matter fields. The method is therefore suitable for defining gauge invariant classes of Feynman diagrams for processes with many observed final state particles in the standard model and its extensions.Comment: 13 pages, RevTeX (EPS figures

    Quantum model of interacting ``strings'' on the square lattice

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    The model which is the generalization of the one-dimensional XY-spin chain for the case of the two-dimensional square lattice is considered. The subspace of the ``string'' states is studied. The solution to the eigenvalue problem is obtained for the single ``string'' in cases of the ``string'' with fixed ends and ``string'' of types (1,1) and (1,2) living on the torus. The latter case has the features of a self-interacting system and looks not to be integrable while the previous two cases are equivalent to the free-fermion model.Comment: LaTeX, 33 pages, 16 figure

    Connecting lattice and relativistic models via conformal field theory

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    We consider the quantum group invariant XXZ-model. In infrared limit it describes Conformal Field Theory with modified energy-momentum tensor. The correlation functions are related to solutions of level -4 of qKZ equations. We describe these solutions relating them to level 0 solutions. We further consider general matrix elements (form factors) containing local operators and asymptotic states. We explain that the formulae for solutions of qKZ equations suggest a decomposition of these matrix elements with respect to states of corresponding Conformal Field Theory .Comment: 22 pages, 1 figur
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