75 research outputs found

    The MICE Beamline instrumentation for a precise emittance measurement

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    The international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) will perform a systematic investigation of ionization cooling of a muon beam. The demonstration comprises one cell of the US Study II neutrino factory cooling channel. As the emittance measurement will be done on a particle-by-particle basis, sophisticated beam instrumentation is needed to measure particle coordinates and timing vs RF. A PID system has been constructed and installed at RAL, in order to keep beam contamination (e, π) well below 1%. The muon beamline has been characterized, obtaining μ+ rates up to ∼ 30 good muons per ISIS spill (for a 1 V ·ms beam loss). A preliminary measure of the beam emittance, using a particle-by-particle method with only the TOF detector system, has been developed

    The detector system of the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) experiment

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    The International Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) at RAL aims at a demonstration of ionization cooling, for application in future neutrino factories or muon colliders. Beam emittances are measured with an absolute precision of 0:1% on a single particle basis via a sophisticated beam instrumentation system. This is made of two trackers inside spectrometer solenoids and a particle identification system, based on three time-of-flight stations, two Cherenkov detectors and a downstream calorimeter. Some results obtained in MICE STEP I (the beamline characterization) will be shown, demonstrating the good performances of the installed beam instrumentation

    The laser calibration system of the HARP TOF

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    Abstract The calibration and monitoring system constructed for the HARP experiment scintillator-based time of flight system is described. It is based on a Nd-Yag laser with passive Q-switch and active/passive mode-locking, with a custom made laser light injection system based on a bundle of IR monomode optical fibers. A novel ultrafast InGaAs MSM photodiode, with 30 ps risetime, has been used for the laser pulse timing . The first results from the 2001–2002 data taking are presented, showing that drifts in timing down to about 70 ps can be traced

    Muonic atom X-ray spectroscopy for non-destructive analysis of archeological samples

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    The implementation in the RIKEN-RAL negative muons facility of a new muon beamline monitoring and novel digital data acquisition system for gamma and X-ray spectroscopy are presented. This work also shows the high potential of the muonic atoms X-ray spectroscopy technique in non-destructive elemental characterization of archaeological samples

    The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early Universe, the dynamics of the supernova bursts that produced the heavy elements necessary for life and whether protons eventually decay --- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our Universe, its current state and its eventual fate. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) represents an extensively developed plan for a world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions. LBNE is conceived around three central components: (1) a new, high-intensity neutrino source generated from a megawatt-class proton accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, (2) a near neutrino detector just downstream of the source, and (3) a massive liquid argon time-projection chamber deployed as a far detector deep underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. This facility, located at the site of the former Homestake Mine in Lead, South Dakota, is approximately 1,300 km from the neutrino source at Fermilab -- a distance (baseline) that delivers optimal sensitivity to neutrino charge-parity symmetry violation and mass ordering effects. This ambitious yet cost-effective design incorporates scalability and flexibility and can accommodate a variety of upgrades and contributions. With its exceptional combination of experimental configuration, technical capabilities, and potential for transformative discoveries, LBNE promises to be a vital facility for the field of particle physics worldwide, providing physicists from around the globe with opportunities to collaborate in a twenty to thirty year program of exciting science. In this document we provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess.Comment: Major update of previous version. This is the reference document for LBNE science program and current status. Chapters 1, 3, and 9 provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess. 288 pages, 116 figure

    Measurement of the Tau Lepton Polarisation at LEP2

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    A first measurement of the average polarisation P_tau of tau leptons produced in e+e- annihilation at energies significantly above the Z resonance is presented. The polarisation is determined from the kinematic spectra of tau hadronic decays. The measured value P_tau = -0.164 +/- 0.125 is consistent with the Standard Model prediction for the mean LEP energy of 197 GeV.A first measurement of the average polarisation Pτ of tau leptons produced in e + e − annihilation at energies significantly above the Z resonance is presented. The polarisation is determined from the kinematic spectra of tau hadronic decays. The measured value Pτ=−0.164±0.125 is consistent with the Standard Model prediction for the mean LEP energy of 197 GeV.A first measurement of the average polarisation P_tau of tau leptons produced in e+e- annihilation at energies significantly above the Z resonance is presented. The polarisation is determined from the kinematic spectra of tau hadronic decays. The measured value P_tau = -0.164 +/- 0.125 is consistent with the Standard Model prediction for the mean LEP energy of 197 GeV
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