38 research outputs found

    Diagnostic Workflow in Competitive Athletes with Ventricular Arrhythmias and Suspected Concealed Cardiomyopathies

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    The diagnosis of structural heart disease in athletes with ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and an apparently normal heart can be very challenging. Several pieces of evidence demonstrate the importance of an extensive diagnostic work-up in apparently healthy young patients for the characterization of concealed cardiomyopathies. This study shows the various diagnostic levels and tools to help identify which athletes need deeper investigation in order to unmask possible underlying heart disease

    Ventricular Arrhythmias and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Women: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

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    Background: Causes of sex differences in incidence of sustained ventricular arrhythmias (SVAs) are poorly understood. Objectives: This study aims to investigate sex-specific risk of SVAs and device therapies by balancing sex groups in relation to several baseline characteristics with the propensity score (PS). Methods: We used a large remote monitoring dataset from implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-Ds). Study endpoints were time to the first appropriate SVA, time to the first device therapy for SVA, and time to the first ICD shock. Results were compared between females and a PS-matched male subgroup. Results: In a cohort of 2,532 patients with an ICD or CRT-D (median age, 70 years), 488 patients (19.3%) were women. After selecting 488 men PS-matched for 19 variables relative to baseline demographics, implant indications, principal comorbidities, and concomitant therapy, yet the SVA rate at the 2.1-year median follow-up was significantly lower in women than in man (adjusted HR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.51-0.81; P < 0.001). Women also showed a reduced risk of any device therapy (HR: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.45-0.76; P < 0.001) and shocks (HR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.47-0.94; P = 0.021). Differences in sex-specific SVA risk profile were not confirmed in CRT-D patients (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.55-1.09; P = 0.14) nor in those with an ejection fraction <30% (HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.52-1.23; P = 0.31). Conclusions: After matching demographics, indications, principal comorbidities, and concomitant therapy, women still exhibited a lower SVA risk profile than men, except in the subgroups of CRT-D or/and ejection fraction <30%