1,502 research outputs found

    Limiting SUSY-QCD spectrum and its application for decays of superheavy particles

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    The supersymmetric generalization of the limiting and Gaussian QCD spectra is obtained. These spectra are valid for x‚Č™1x \ll 1, when the main contribution to the parton cascade is given by gluons and gluinos. The derived spectra are applied to decaying superheavy particles with masses up to the GUT scale. These particles can be relics from the Big Bang or produced by topological defects and could give rise to the observed ultrahigh energy cosmic rays. General formulae for the fluxes of protons, photons and neutrinos due to decays of superheavy particles are obtained.Comment: 8 pages, revtex, 3 ps figures. v2 minor changes, v3 typo in eq.(15) corrected; version to appear in Phys. Lett.

    SuperGZK neutrinos: testing physics beyond the Standard Model

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    The sources and fluxes of superGZK neutrinos, E>1020E>10^{20} eV, are discussed. The most promising sources are reionization bright phase, topological defects, superheavy dark matter and mirror matter. The energy of neutrinos can be above the GUT scale (‚ąľ1016\sim 10^{16} GeV). The predicted fluxes are observable by future space detectors EUSO and OWL.Comment: JD talk at XXI Texas Symposium (Florence

    Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays: The disappointing model

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    We develop a model for explaining the data of Pierre Auger Observatory (Auger) for Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR), in particular, the mass composition being steadily heavier with increasing energy from 3 EeV to 35 EeV. The model is based on the proton-dominated composition in the energy range (1 - 3) EeV observed in both Auger and HiRes experiments. Assuming extragalactic origin of this component, we argue that it must disappear at higher energies due to a low maximum energy of acceleration, E_p^{\max} \sim (4 - 10) EeV. Under an assumption of rigidity acceleration mechanism, the maximum acceleration energy for a nucleus with the charge number Z is ZE_p^{\max}, and the highest energy in the spectrum, reached by Iron, does not exceed (100 - 200) EeV. The growth of atomic weight with energy, observed in Auger, is provided by the rigidity mechanism of acceleration, since at each energy E=ZE_p^{\max} the contribution of nuclei with Z' < Z vanishes. The described model has disappointing consequences for future observations in UHECR: Since average energies per nucleon for all nuclei are less than (2 - 4) EeV, (i) pion photo-production on CMB photons in extragalactic space is absent; (ii) GZK cutoff in the spectrum does not exist; (iii) cosmogenic neutrinos produced on CMBR are absent; (iv) fluxes of cosmogenic neutrinos produced on infrared - optical background radiation are too low for registration by existing detectors and projects. Due to nuclei deflection in galactic magnetic fields, the correlation with nearby sources is absent even at highest energies.Comment: Essentially revised version as published in Astropart. Physics 10 pages, 6 figure

    Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays: Anisotropies and Spectrum

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    The recent results of the Pierre Auger Observatory on the possible correlation of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays events and several nearby discrete sources could be the starting point of a new era with charged particles astronomy. In this paper we introduce a simple model to determine the effects of any local distribution of sources on the expected flux. We consider two populations of sources: faraway sources uniformly distributed and local point sources. We study the effects on the expected flux of the local distribution of sources, referring also to the set of astrophysical objects whose correlation with the Auger events is experimentally claimed.Comment: 17 pages, 13 eps figures, version accepted for publication in Astroparticle Physic

    Hidden source of high-energy neutrinos in collapsing galactic nucleus

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    We propose the model of a short-lived very powerful source of high energy neutrinos. It is formed as a result of the dynamical evolution of a galactic nucleus prior to its collapse into a massive black hole and formation of high-luminosity AGN. This stage can be referred to as ``pre-AGN''. A dense central stellar cluster in the galactic nucleus on the late stage of evolution consists of compact stars (neutron stars and stellar mass black holes). This cluster is sunk deep into massive gas envelope produced by destructive collisions of a primary stellar population. Frequent collisions of neutron stars in a central stellar cluster are accompanied by the generation of ultrarelativistic fireballs and shock waves. These repeating fireballs result in a formation of the expanding rarefied cavity inside the envelope. The charged particles are effectively accelerated in the cavity and, due to pp-collisions in the gas envelope, they produce high energy neutrinos. All high energy particles, except neutrinos, are absorbed in the thick envelope. Duration of this pre-AGN phase is about 10 yr, the number of the sources can be \~ 10 per cosmological horizon. High energy neutrino signal can be detected by underground neutrino telescope with effective area ~1 km^2.Comment: small changes, to be published in Astroparticle Physic
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