60,525 research outputs found

    Regulatory barriers and entry in developing economies

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    We model entry by entrepreneurs into new markets in developing economies with regulatory barriers in the form of licence fees and bureaucratic delay. Because laissez faire leads to ‘excessive’ entry, a licence fee can increase welfare by discouraging entry. However, in the presence of a licence fee, bureaucratic delay creates a strategic opportunity, which can result in both greater entry by first movers and a higher steady-state number of firms. Delay also leads to speculation, with entrepreneurs taking out licences to obtain the option of immediate entry if they later observe the industry to be profitable enough

    On entanglement-assisted classical capacity

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    This paper is essentially a lecture from the author's course on quantum information theory, which is devoted to the result of C. H. Bennett, P. W. Shor, J. A. Smolin and A. V. Thapliyal (quant-ph/0106052) concerning entanglement-assisted classical capacity of a quantum channel. A modified proof of this result is given and relation between entanglement-assisted and unassisted classical capacities is discussed.Comment: 10 pages, LATE

    Entanglement of pure states for a single copy

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    An optimal local conversion strategy between any two pure states of a bipartite system is presented. It is optimal in that the probability of success is the largest achievable if the parties which share the system, and which can communicate classically, are only allowed to act locally on it. The study of optimal local conversions sheds some light on the entanglement of a single copy of a pure state. We propose a quantification of such an entanglement by means of a finite minimal set of new measures from which the optimal probability of conversion follows.Comment: Revtex, 4 pages, no figures. Minor changes. Appendix remove

    Handbook of noise ratings

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    Handbook announced in Tech Brief is compendium of information describing multifarious noise methods now in use. Reference material gives user better access to definitions, application, and calculation procedures of current noise rating methods

    Full counting statistics and conditional evolution in a nanoelectromechanical system

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    We study theoretically the full distribution of transferred charge in a tunnel junction (or quantum point contact) coupled to a nanomechanical oscillator, as well as the conditional evolution of the oscillator. Even if the oscillator is very weakly coupled to the tunnel junction, it can strongly affect the tunneling statistics and lead to a highly non-Gaussian distribution. Conversely, given a particular measurement history of the current, the oscillator energy distribution may be localized and highly non-thermal. We also discuss non-Gaussian correlations between the oscillator motion and tunneling electrons; these show that the tunneling back-action cannot be fully described as an effective thermal bath coupled to the oscillator.Comment: 7 pages; figure added; typos correcte

    Mixedness and teleportation

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    We show that on exceeding a certain degree of mixedness (as quantified by the von Neumann entropy), entangled states become useless for teleporatation. By increasing the dimension of the entangled systems, this entropy threshold can be made arbitrarily close to maximal. This entropy is found to exceed the entropy threshold sufficient to ensure the failure of dense coding.Comment: 6 pages, no figure

    Quantifying nonorthogonality

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    An exploratory approach to the possibility of analyzing nonorthogonality as a quantifiable property is presented. Three different measures for the nonorthogonality of pure states are introduced, and one of these measures is extended to single-particle density matrices using methods that are similar to recently introduced techniques for quantifying entanglement. Several interesting special cases are considered. It is pointed out that a measure of nonorthogonality can meaningfully be associated with a single mixed quantum state. It is then shown how nonorthogonality can be unlocked with classical information; this analysis reveals interesting inequalities and points to a number of connections between nonorthogonality and entanglement.Comment: Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.
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