3,296 research outputs found

    treatment strategies for menstrually related migraine

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    Approximately 50% of migrainous women suffer from menstrually related migraine (MRM), a type of migraine in which the attacks occur at the same time as or near the menstrual flow. Attacks of MRM tend to be longer, more intense and disabling and sometimes less responsive to treatment than non-menstrual migraines. Similar to the management of non-menstrual migraine, the use of triptans and NSAIDs is the gold standard for MRM treatment. In this paper, the most important studies in the literature that report the effectiveness of triptans, of certain associated drugs and other analgesic agents are summarized. Preventive strategies that can be used if a prophylactic treatment is needed is also analyzed, with particular attention paid to the use of perimenstrual prophylaxis with triptans and/or NSAIDs. Moreover, considering the peculiar interaction between menstrual migraine and female sex hormones, brief mention is made to possible hormonal manipulations

    Ovarian sensitivity index is strongly related to circulating AMH and may be used to predict ovarian response to exogenous gonadotropins in IVF

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is currently considered the best marker of ovarian reserve and of ovarian responsiveness to gonadotropins in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). AMH assay, however, is not available in all IVF Units and is quite expensive, a reason that limits its use in developing countries. The aim of this study is to assess whether the "ovarian sensitivity index" precisely reflects AMH so that this index may be used as a surrogate for AMH in prediction of ovarian response during an IVF cycle.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>AMH serum levels were measured in 61 patients undergoing IVF with a "long" stimulation protocol including the GnRH agonist buserelin and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (rFSH). Patients were divided into four subgroups according to the percentile of serum AMH and their ovarian stimulation was prospectively followed. Ovarian sensitivity index (OSI) was calculated dividing the total administered FSH dose by the number of retrieved oocytes.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>AMH and OSI show a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.67; <it>p </it>= 0.0001) that is stronger than the one between AMH and the total number of retrieved oocytes and than the one between AMH and the total FSH dose.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>OSI reflects quite satisfactory the AMH level and may be proposed as a surrogate of AMH assay in predicting ovarian responsiveness to FSH in IVF. Being very easy to calculate and costless, its use could be proposed where AMH measurement is not available or in developing countries where limiting costs is of primary importance.</p

    Transvaginal ligation of descending branch of uterine artery: could be the first surgical attempt to control post-partum haemorrhage?

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    Post-partum haemorrhage is the major cause of maternal death worldwide. This severe clinical condition can cause also physical morbidity and psychological distress (anemia, coagulopathy, blood transfusion, anterior pituitary ischemia with delay or failure of lactation, myocardial ischemia, postpartum depression). To date several efforts have been made to prevent and treat this severe condition mainly in three ways: medical, surgical, and interventional radiology even in combination. The surgical approach, needs the knowledge of anatomy of vascular distribution of the uterus. According to Palacios-Jaraquemada the feeding vessels of the body of the uterus is defined S1 area and the lower segment, uterine cervix and upper part of the vagina, S2 area. We report three cases in which the ligation of the descending branch of uterine artery (S2 area) helped the surgeon in the treatment of severe primary post-partum haemorrhage causing a significant reduction in blood loss
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