3,028 research outputs found

    Measurement of the Higgs mass via the channel : e+e- -> ZH -> e+e- + X

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    In this communication, the mass declined for the decay channel, e+e- -> ZH -> e+e- + X, as measured by the ILD detector was studied. The Higgs mass is assumed to be 120 GeV and the center of mass energy is 250 GeV. For an integrated luminosity of 250 fb-1, the accuracy of the reconstruction and the good knowledge of the initial state allow for the measurement of the Higgs boson mass with a precision of about 100 MeV.Comment: 7 pages, 14 figures, LCWS/ILC 2010 (International Linear Collider Workshop 2010 LCWS10 and ILC10

    Study of the energy resolution in the electromagnetic end-caps of the future LDC detector for the ILC

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    The electromagnetic end-caps of the future LDC detector for the ILC ("International Linear Collider") have been simulated with the MOKKA software. The goal of this study is to determine the energy resolution with the classical method, i.e. the energy deposited in 30 + 10 active silicon layers, preceded by 1.4 and 4.2 mm of tungsten placed perpendicularly to the beam axis, respectively. The energy resolution has been fitted by the function ΔE/E=a/Ec\Delta E/E = a/\sqrt {E} c and it was found that a = 12.69 +- 0.17 % GeV1/2^{1/2} and c = 0.839 +- 0.026 % for incident electrons at θ\theta=21.80 degrees and a = 13.33 +- 0.24 % GeV1/2^{1/2} and c = 0.968 +- 0.050 % for incident photons with the same polar angle

    Dogs with macroadenomas have lower body temperature and heart rate than dogs with microadenomas

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    Pituitary macroadenomas compress the hypothalamus, which partly regulates heart rate and body temperature. The aim of this study was to investigate whether heart rate and/or body temperature could aid in clinically differentiating dogs with macroadenomas from dogs with microadenomas (i.e. small non-compressive pituitary mass). Two groups of dogs diagnosed with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (i.e. Cushing’s disease) were included. Heart rate and body temperature were collected on initial presentation before any procedure. Dogs with macroadenoma had a significantly lower heart rate and body temperature (P < 0.01) compared to dogs with microadenoma. We suggest that the combined cut-off values of 84 beats per minutes and 38.3 °C in dogs with Cushing’s disease, especially with vague neurological signs (nine of 12 dogs = 75%), might help to suspect the presence of a macroadenoma

    On the attainment of the maximum sustainable yield in the Verhulst-Lotka-Volterra model

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    We reformulate the Verhulst-Lotka-Volterra model of natural resource extraction under the alternative assumptions of Cournot behaviour and perfect competition, to revisit the tragedy of commons vs the possibility of sustainable harvesting. We stress the different impact of demand elasticity on the regulator’s possibility of driving industry harvest to the maximum sustainable yield in the two settings. The presence of a flat demand function offers the authority a fully effective regulatory tool in the form of the exogeneous price faced by perfectly competitive firms, to drive their collective harvest rate at the maximum sustainable yield. The same cannot happen under Cournot competition, as in this case the price is endogenous and the regulator’s policy is confined to limiting access to the common pool

    Energy Linearity and Resolution of the ATLAS Electromagnetic Barrel Calorimeter in an Electron Test-Beam

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    A module of the ATLAS electromagnetic barrel liquid argon calorimeter was exposed to the CERN electron test-beam at the H8 beam line upgraded for precision momentum measurement. The available energies of the electron beam ranged from 10 to 245 GeV. The electron beam impinged at one point corresponding to a pseudo-rapidity of eta=0.687 and an azimuthal angle of phi=0.28 in the ATLAS coordinate system. A detailed study of several effects biasing the electron energy measurement allowed an energy reconstruction procedure to be developed that ensures a good linearity and a good resolution. Use is made of detailed Monte Carlo simulations based on Geant which describe the longitudinal and transverse shower profiles as well as the energy distributions. For electron energies between 15 GeV and 180 GeV the deviation of the measured incident electron energy over the beam energy is within 0.1%. The systematic uncertainty of the measurement is about 0.1% at low energies and negligible at high energies. The energy resolution is found to be about 10% sqrt(E) for the sampling term and about 0.2% for the local constant term

    Position resolution and particle identification with the ATLAS EM calorimeter

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    In the years between 2000 and 2002 several pre-series and series modules of the ATLAS EM barrel and end-cap calorimeter were exposed to electron, photon and pion beams. The performance of the calorimeter with respect to its finely segmented first sampling has been studied. The polar angle resolution has been found to be in the range 50-60 mrad/sqrt(E (GeV)). The neutral pion rejection has been measured to be about 3.5 for 90% photon selection efficiency at pT=50 GeV/c. Electron-pion separation studies have indicated that a pion fake rate of (0.07-0.5)% can be achieved while maintaining 90% electron identification efficiency for energies up to 40 GeV.Comment: 32 pages, 22 figures, to be published in NIM

    Managerial delegation in a dynamic renewable resource oligopoly

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    I propose a differential oligopoly game of resource extraction under (quasi-static) open-loop and nonlinear feedback strategies, where firms are managerial and two alternative types of delegation contract are considered. Under open-loop information, delegation expands the residual steady state resource stock. Conversely, under nonlinear feedback information the outcome depends on the structure of managerial incentives. If sales are used, once again delegation favours resource preservation. On the contrary, if market shares are included in the delegation contract, this combines with an underlying voracity effect in shrinking the steady state volume of the resource
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