82 research outputs found

    The relative contributions of insight and neurocognition to intrinsic motivation in schizophrenia

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    Intrinsic motivation was described as the mental process of pursuing a task or an action because it is enjoyable or interesting in itself and was found to play a central role in the determination of the functional outcome of schizophrenia. Neurocognition is one of the most studied determinants of intrinsic motivation in clinically stable schizophrenia while little is known about the role of insight. Following this need we decided to focus on the contribution of different aspects of insight and of neurocognition to intrinsic motivation in a large sample (n = 176) of patients with stable schizophrenia. We performed three hierarchical linear regressions from which resulted that, among different insight aspects, the ability to correctly attribute signs and symptoms to the mental disorder made the strongest contribution to intrinsic motivation. Neurocognition, also, was significantly related to intrinsic motivation when analyzed simultaneously with insight. Moreover, even after accounting for sociodemographic and clinical variables significantly correlated with intrinsic motivation, the relationship between insight and neurocognition and intrinsic motivation remained statistically significant. These findings put the emphasis on the complex interplay between insight, neurocognition, and intrinsic motivation suggesting that interventions targeting both insight and neurocognition might possibly improve this motivational deficit in stable schizophrenia should

    Conceptual disorganization as a mediating variable between visual learning and metacognition in schizophrenia

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    ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to evaluate the relative contributions of visual learning and conceptual disorganization to specific metacognitive domains in a sample of outpatients with stable schizophrenia.MethodsA total of 92 consecutive outpatients with stable schizophrenia were recruited in a cross-sectional study. We analyzed the data with five path analyses based on multiple regressions to analyze the specific effect of visual learning on metacognitive capacity and metacognitive domains and the possible mediating role of conceptual disorganization.ResultsWe found that (i) visual learning was negatively correlated to metacognitive capacity and its domains on the one hand and conceptual disorganization on the other hand; (ii) conceptual disorganization was negatively associated with metacognition and its domains; and (iii) when the mediation effect was considered, conceptual disorganization fully mediated the relationship between visual learning and mastery, whereas it served as a partial mediator of the effect of visual learning on the other metacognition domains, i.e., self-reflectivity, understanding others’ mind, and decentration.ConclusionThese results delineate an articulated panorama of relations between different dimensions of metacognition, visual learning, and conceptual disorganization. Therefore, studies unable to distinguish between different components of metacognition fail to bring out the possibly varying links between neurocognition, disorganization, and metacognition