553 research outputs found

    Convergent sequences of perturbative approximations for the anharmonic oscillator II. Compact time approach

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    We present an alternative pathway in the application of the variation improvement of ordinary perturbation theory exposed in [1] which can preserve the internal symmetries of a model by means of a time compactification.Comment: 21 pages, 4 Postscript figures available through anonymous ftp at ftp://algol.lpm.univ-montp2.fr ; replaces version which could not be postscripted presumably for lack of figures.uu fil

    Convergent sequences of perturbative approximations for the anharmonic oscillator I. Harmonic approach

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    We present numerical evidence that a simple variational improvement of the ordinary perturbation theory of the quantum anharmonic oscillator can give a convergent sequence of approximations even in the extreme strong coupling limit, the purely anharmonic case. Some of the new techniques of this paper can be extended to renormalizable field theories.Comment: 29 pages, 12 Postscript figures available through anonymous ftp at ftp://algol.lpm.univ-montp2.fr ; replaces earlier version which could not be postscripted presumably due to lack of figures.uu fil

    Variational solution of the Gross-Neveu model at finite temperature in the large N limit

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    We use a nonperturbative variational method to investigate the phase transition of the Gross-Neveu model. It is shown that the variational procedure can be generalized to the finite temperature case. The large N result for the phase transition is correctly reproduced.Comment: 12 p., 1 fig, this is the version which will appear in the Phys Lett B, it differs from the previous one in what concerns the introduction and conclusions (re written), several references have been adde

    Convergence of the Linear Delta Expansion in the Critical O(N) Field Theory

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    The linear delta expansion is applied to the 3-dimensional O(N) scalar field theory at its critical point in a way that is compatible with the large-N limit. For a range of the arbitrary mass parameter, the linear delta expansion for converges, with errors decreasing like a power of the order n in delta. If the principal of minimal sensitivity is used to optimize the convergence rate, the errors seem to decrease exponentially with n.Comment: 26 pages, latex, 8 figure

    Convergent sequences of perturbative approximations for the anharmonic oscillator; 1, harmonic approach

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    We present numerical evidence that a simple variational improvement of the ordinary perturbation theory of the quantum anharmonic oscillator can give a convergent sequence of approximations even in the extreme strong coupling limit, the purely anharmonic case. Some of the new techniques of this paper can be extended to renormalizable field theories

    A new improved optimization of perturbation theory: applications to the oscillator energy levels and Bose-Einstein critical temperature

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    Improving perturbation theory via a variational optimization has generally produced in higher orders an embarrassingly large set of solutions, most of them unphysical (complex). We introduce an extension of the optimized perturbation method which leads to a drastic reduction of the number of acceptable solutions. The properties of this new method are studied and it is then applied to the calculation of relevant quantities in different Ōē4\phi^4 models, such as the anharmonic oscillator energy levels and the critical Bose-Einstein Condensation temperature shift őĒTc\Delta T_c recently investigated by various authors. Our present estimates of őĒTc\Delta T_c, incorporating the most recently available six and seven loop perturbative information, are in excellent agreement with all the available lattice numerical simulations. This represents a very substantial improvement over previous treatments.Comment: 9 pages, no figures. v2: minor wording changes in title/abstract, to appear in Phys.Rev.

    Intersubband transitions in nonpolar GaN/Al(Ga)N heterostructures in the short and mid-wavelength infrared regions

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    This paper assesses nonpolar m- and a-plane GaN/Al(Ga)N multi-quantum-wells grown on bulk GaN for intersubband optoelectronics in the short- and mid-wavelength infrared ranges. The characterization results are compared to those for reference samples grown on the polar c-plane, and are verified by self-consistent Schr\"odinger-Poisson calculations. The best results in terms of mosaicity, surface roughness, photoluminescence linewidth and intensity, as well as intersubband absorption are obtained from m-plane structures, which display room-temperature intersubband absorption in the range from 1.5 to 2.9 um. Based on these results, a series of m-plane GaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-wells were designed to determine the accessible spectral range in the mid-infrared. These samples exhibit tunable room-temperature intersubband absorption from 4.0 to 5.8 um, the long-wavelength limit being set by the absorption associated with the second order of the Reststrahlen band in the GaN substrates

    Yes, Topology Matters in Decentralized Optimization: Refined Convergence and Topology Learning under Heterogeneous Data

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    One of the key challenges in federated and decentralized learning is to design algorithms that efficiently deal with highly heterogeneous data distributions across agents. In this paper, we revisit the analysis of Decentralized Stochastic Gradient Descent algorithm (D-SGD), a popular decentralized learning algorithm, under data heterogeneity. We exhibit the key role played by a new quantity, that we call neighborhood heterogeneity, on the convergence rate of D-SGD. Unlike prior work, neighborhood heterogeneity is measured at the level of the neighborhood of an agent in the graph topology. By coupling the topology and the heterogeneity of the agents' distributions, our analysis sheds light on the poorly understood interplay between these two concepts in decentralized learning. We then argue that neighborhood heterogeneity provides a natural criterion to learn sparse data-dependent topologies that reduce (and can even eliminate) the otherwise detrimental effect of data heterogeneity on the convergence time of D-SGD. For the important case of classification with label skew, we formulate the problem of learning such a good topology as a tractable optimization problem that we solve with a Frank-Wolfe algorithm. Our approach provides a principled way to design a sparse topology that balances the number of iterations and the per-iteration communication costs of D-SGD under data heterogeneity

    Ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)N epilayers versus antiferromagnetic GaMn3_3N clusters

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    Mn-doped wurtzite GaN epilayers have been grown by nitrogen plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Correlated SIMS, structural and magnetic measurements show that the incorporation of Mn strongly depends on the conditions of the growth. Hysteresis loops which persist at high temperature do not appear to be correlated to the presence of Mn. Samples with up to 2% Mn are purely substitutional Ga1‚ąíx_{1-x}Mnx_xN epilayers, and exhibit paramagnetic properties. At higher Mn contents, precipitates are formed which are identified as GaMn3_3N clusters by x-ray diffraction and absorption: this induces a decrease of the paramagnetic magnetisation. Samples co-doped with enough Mg exhibit a new feature: a ferromagnetic component is observed up to Tc‚ąľ175T_c\sim175 K, which cannot be related to superparamagnetism of unresolved magnetic precipitates.Comment: Revised versio

    Structure and magnetism of self-organized Ge(1-x)Mn(x) nano-columns

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    We report on the structural and magnetic properties of thin Ge(1-x)Mn(x)films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on Ge(001) substrates at temperatures (Tg) ranging from 80deg C to 200deg C, with average Mn contents between 1 % and 11 %. Their crystalline structure, morphology and composition have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy loss spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. In the whole range of growth temperatures and Mn concentrations, we observed the formation of manganese rich nanostructures embedded in a nearly pure germanium matrix. Growth temperature mostly determines the structural properties of Mn-rich nanostructures. For low growth temperatures (below 120deg C), we evidenced a two-dimensional spinodal decomposition resulting in the formation of vertical one-dimensional nanostructures (nanocolumns). Moreover we show in this paper the influence of growth parameters (Tg and Mn content) on this decomposition i.e. on nanocolumns size and density. For temperatures higher than 180deg C, we observed the formation of Ge3Mn5 clusters. For intermediate growth temperatures nanocolumns and nanoclusters coexist. Combining high resolution TEM and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, we could evidence at least four different magnetic phases in Ge(1-x)Mn(x) films: (i) paramagnetic diluted Mn atoms in the germanium matrix, (ii) superparamagnetic and ferromagnetic low-Tc nanocolumns (120 K 400 K) and (iv) Ge3Mn5 clusters.Comment: 10 pages 2 colonnes revTex formatte
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