105 research outputs found

    A functional model, eigenvalues, and finite singular critical points for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators

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    Eigenvalues in the essential spectrum of a weighted Sturm-Liouville operator are studied under the assumption that the weight function has one turning point. An abstract approach to the problem is given via a functional model for indefinite Sturm-Liouville operators. Algebraic multiplicities of eigenvalues are obtained. Also, operators with finite singular critical points are considered.Comment: 38 pages, Proposition 2.2 and its proof corrected, Remarks 2.5, 3.4, and 3.12 extended, details added in subsections 2.3 and 4.2, section 6 rearranged, typos corrected, references adde

    Classification of Supersymmetric Flux Vacua in M Theory

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    We present a comprehensive classification of supersymmetric vacua of M-theory compactification on seven-dimensional manifolds with general four-form fluxes. We analyze the cases where the resulting four-dimensional vacua have N = 1,2,3,4 supersymmetry and the internal space allows for SU(2), SU(3) or G_2 structures. In particular, we find for N = 2 supersymmetry, that the external space-time is Minkowski and the base manifold of the internal space is conformally K\"ahler for SU(2) structures, while for SU(3) structures the internal space has to be Einstein-Sasaki and no internal fluxes are allowed. Moreover, we provide a new vacuum with N = 1 supersymmetry and SU(3) structure, where all fluxes are non-zero and the first order differential equations are solved.Comment: 50 pages, clarification of the spinor ansatz added, references added, typos correcte

    Exploring the relation between 4D and 5D BPS solutions

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    Based on recent proposals linking four and five-dimensional BPS solutions, we discuss the explicit dictionary between general stationary 4D and 5D supersymmetric solutions in N=2 supergravity theories with cubic prepotentials. All these solutions are completely determined in terms of the same set of harmonic functions and the same set of attractor equations. As an example, we discuss black holes and black rings in G\"odel-Taub-NUT spacetime. Then we consider corrections to the 4D solutions associated with more general prepotentials and comment on analogous corrections on the 5D side.Comment: 33 pages; refs adde

    General N = 1 Supersymmetric Fluxes in Massive Type IIA String Theory

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    We study conditions on general fluxes of massive Type IIA supergravity that lead to four-dimensional backgrounds with N = 1 supersymmetry. We derive these conditions in the case of SU(3)- as well as SU(2)-structures. SU(3)-structures imply that the internal space is constrained to be a nearly K\"ahler manifold with all the turned on fluxes, and the negative cosmological constant proportional to the mass parameter, and the dilaton fixed by the quantized ratio of the three-form and four-form fluxes. We further discuss the implications of such flux vacua with added intersecting D6-branes, leading to the chiral non-Abelian gauge sectors (without orientifold projections). Examples that break SU(3)-structures to SU(2)-ones allow for the internal space conformally flat (up to orbifold and orientifold projections), for which we give an explicit example. These results provide a starting point for further study of the four-dimensional (chiral) N = 1 supersymmetric solutions of massive Type IIA supergravity with D-branes and fluxes, compactified on orientifolds.Comment: 37 pages; changed the resulting gauge group on intersecting 6-branes, corrected the explicit example (with conformal flat internal space) as well as minor modifications and add a re

    General N = 1 Supersymmetric Flux Vacua of (Massive) Type IIA String Theory

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    We derive conditions for the existence of four-dimensional \N=1 supersymmetric flux vacua of massive type IIA string theory with general supergravity fluxes turned on. For an SU(3) singlet Killing spinor, we show that such flux vacua exist only when the internal geometry is nearly-K\"ahler. The geometry is not warped, all the allowed fluxes are proportional to the mass parameter and the dilaton is fixed by a ratio of (quantized) fluxes. The four-dimensional cosmological constant, while negative, becomes small in the vacuum with the weak string coupling.Comment: 4 page

    Fluxes in M-theory on 7-manifolds: G_2-, SU(3)- and SU(2)-structures

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    We consider compactifications of M-theory on 7-manifolds in the presence of 4-form fluxes, which leave at least four supercharges unbroken. Supersymmetric vacua admit G-structures and we discuss the cases of G_2-, SU(3)- as well as SU(2)-structures. We derive the constraints on the fluxes imposed by supersymmetry and determine the flux components that fix the resulting 4-dimensional cosmological constant (i.e. superpotential).Comment: 17 pages, contribution for the proceedings of: BW2003 Workshop, 29 Aug. - 02 Sept., 2003 Vrnjacka Banja, Serbi

    Black holes in Goedel-type universes with a cosmological constant

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    We discuss supersymmetric black holes embedded in a Goedel-type universe with cosmological constant in five dimensions. The spacetime is a fibration over a four-dimensional Kaehler base manifold, and generically has closed timelike curves. Asymptotically the space approaches a deformation of AdS_5, which suggests that the appearance of closed timelike curves should have an interpretation in some deformation of D=4, N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory. Finally, a Goedel-de Sitter universe is also presented and its causal structure is discussed.Comment: 25 pages, Latex, no figures, references updated, physical discussion of the solutions considerably expanded, holographic stress tensor and conserved charges of Goedel-AdS(5) solution compute

    Superpotentials from flux compactifications of M-theory

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    In flux compactifications of M-theory a superpotential is generated whose explicit form depends on the structure group of the 7-dimensional internal manifold. In this note, we discuss superpotentials for the structure groups: G_2, SU(3) or SU(2). For the G_2 case all internal fluxes have to vanish. For SU(3) structures, the non-zero flux components entering the superpotential describe an effective 1-dimensional model and a Chern-Simons model if there are SU(2) structures.Comment: 10 page

    Intersecting branes from 7-manifolds with G_2 holonomy

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    In this talk I discuss intersecting brane configurations coming from explicit metrics with G_2 holonomy. An example of a 7-manifold which representing a R^3 bundle over a self-dual Einstein space is described and the potential appearing after compactification over the 6-d twistor space is derived.Comment: 7 pages, Latex, talk presented at the 35th Symposium Ahrenshoop, August 200