1,069 research outputs found

    Top-Quark Properties at the LHC

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    A review of recent measurements of top-quark properties is presented. Inclusive and differential top-quark pair charge asymmetry measurements using the full Run I dataset are found to be in agreement with the standard model (SM) predictions. Results of spin correlation in top-quark pairs are presented and interpreted in terms of the SM predicted values and new physics models. Limits are set on flavour-changing neutral currents (FCNC), in particular with a Higgs boson in the final state.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, 4 subfigures, Proceedings of the 51st Rencontres de Moriond, QCD March 19-26 2016 on behalf of the ATLAS and CMS collaboration

    Measurement of spin correlations in tt-bar systems in the muon+jets channel using a matrix element method with the CMS detector at the LHC

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    In this work, the consistency of the spin correlation strength in top quark pair events with the Standard Model (SM) prediction is tested in the muon+jets final state. The events are obtained from pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s) = 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb^(-1). Using a Matrix Element Method, event likelihoods are calculated under two different top quark pair hypotheses: the SM hypothesis and a hypothesis which predicts zero spin correlation. Using the event likelihoods, a variable sensitive to the spin correlation strength is constructed. In a hypothesis testing procedure, the data are found to favour the SM hypothesis. Using a template fit method, the fraction of events that show SM spin correlations is measured to be f = 0.72 +/- 0.08 (stat) +0.15 -0.13 (syst), representing the most precise measurement of this quantity in the lepton+jets channel to date

    Study of Z boson production in pPb collisions at ‚ąösNN = 5.02 TeV

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    © 2016 The Author.The production of Z bosons in pPb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV is studied by the CMS experiment via the electron and muon decay channels. The inclusive cross section is compared to pp collision predictions, and found to scale with the number of elementary nucleon-nucleon collisions. The differential cross sections as a function of the Z boson rapidity and transverse momentum are measured. Though they are found to be consistent within uncertainty with theoretical predictions both with and without nuclear effects, the forward-backward asymmetry suggests the presence of nuclear effects at large rapidities. These results provide new data for constraining nuclear parton distribution functions

    Measurement of the t(t)over-bar production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at ‚ąös=8 TeV

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    The top-antitop quark (t (t) over bar) production cross section is measured in proton-proton collisions at root s = 8 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.3 fb(-1). The measurement is performed by analysing events with a pair of electrons or muons, or one electron and one muon, and at least two jets, one of which is identified as originating from hadronisation of a bottom quark. The measured cross section is 239 +/- 2 (stat.) +/- 11 (syst.) +/- 6 (lum.) pb, for an assumed top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV, in agreement with the prediction of the standard model

    Search for pair-produced resonances decaying to jet pairs in proton-proton collisions at ‚ąös=8 TeV

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    Results are reported of a general search for pair production of heavy resonances decaying to pairs of hadronic jets in events with at least four jets. The study is based on up to 19.4 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. Limits are determined on the production of scalar top quarks (top squarks) in the framework of R-parity violating supersymmetry and on the production of color-octet vector bosons (colorons). First limits at the LHC are placed on top squark production for two scenarios. The first assumes decay to a bottom quark and a light-flavor quark and is excluded for masses between 200 and 385 GeV, and the second assumes decay to a pair of light-flavor quarks and is excluded for masses between 200 and 350 GeV at 95% confidence level. Previous limits on colorons decaying to light-flavor quarks are extended to exclude masses from 200 to 835 GeV

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

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    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an