4,443 research outputs found

    Standard Model Physics at CMS

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    The LHC will provide proton-proton collisions at energies of about 14 TeV and at a rate of about 40 MHz. It will be possible to observe new physics but also to have precise measurements of Standard Model phenomena. CMS is a general purpose detector which is designed to detect and measure the properties of the particles in the final state of these collisions. Some chosen results expected within domains like top quark physics, electro-weak physics, gauge boson couplings and B physics are presented here. With the high rate and energy, some new proscesses from the Standard Model, as for example single top, will become visible

    Early Standard Model Measurement and Determination of Standard Model Background for Searches

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    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva (Switzerland) will go in operation in the coming months and will soon enable us to analyze the highest energy collisions ever produced at an accelerator. Beyond Standard Model searches at LHC require a detailed understanding of the detector performance, reconstruction algorithms and triggering. Precision measurements of Standard Model processes are also mandatory to acquire the necessary knowledge of Standard Model background. Both ATLAS and CMS efforts are hence addressed to determine the best calibration candles and to design a realistic plan for the initial period of data taking.Comment: Invited talk at the Hadron Collider Physics Symposium (HCP2008), Galena, Illinois, USA, May 27-31, 2008; 8 pages, LaTeX, 12 eps figure

    Top Partner Discovery in the T→tZT\to tZ channel at the LHC

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    In this paper we study the discovery potential of the LHC run II for heavy vector-like top quarks in the decay channel to a top and a ZZ boson. Despite the usually smaller branching ratio compared to charged-current decays, this channel is rather clean and allows for a complete mass reconstruction of the heavy top. The latter is achieved in the leptonic decay channel of the ZZ boson and in the fully hadronic top channel using boosted jet and jet substructure techniques. To be as model-independent as possible, a simplified model approach with only two free parameters has been applied. The results are presented in terms of parameter space regions for 3σ3\sigma evidence or 5σ5\sigma discovery for such new states in that channel.Comment: 24 pages, 8 figures, version 2 updated to JHEP 01 (2015) 08

    Study of ZÎł events and limits on anomalous ZZÎł and Zγγ couplings in pp̄ collisions at s=1.96TeV

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    We present a measurement of the ZÎł production cross section and limits on anomalous ZZÎł and Zγγ couplings for form-factor scales of Λ=750 and 1000 GeV. The measurement is based on 138 (152) candidates in the eeÎł (ÎŒÎŒÎł) final state using 320(290)pb-1 of pp̄ collisions at s=1.96TeV. The 95% C.L. limits on real and imaginary parts of individual anomalous couplings are |h10,30Z|<0.23, |h20,40Z|<0.020, |h10,30Îł|<0.23, and |h20,40Îł|<0.019 for Λ=1000GeV. © 2005 The American Physical Society

    Search for right-handed W bosons in top quark decay

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    We present a measurement of the fraction f+ of right-handed W bosons produced in top quark decays, based on a candidate sample of ttˉt\bar{t} events in the lepton+jets decay mode. These data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 230pb^-1, collected by the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron ppˉp\bar{p} Collider at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV. We use a constrained fit to reconstruct the kinematics of the ttˉt\bar{t} and decay products, which allows for the measurement of the leptonic decay angle ξ∗\theta^* for each event. By comparing the cos⁡ξ∗\cos\theta^* distribution from the data with those for the expected background and signal for various values of f+, we find f+=0.00+-0.13(stat)+-0.07(syst). This measurement is consistent with the standard model prediction of f+=3.6x10^-4.Comment: Submitted to Physical Review D Rapid Communications 7 pages, 3 figure

    Measurement of the Lifetime Difference in the B_s^0 System

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    We present a study of the decay B_s^0 -> J/psi phi We obtain the CP-odd fraction in the final state at time zero, R_perp = 0.16 +/- 0.10 (stat) +/- 0.02 (syst), the average lifetime of the (B_s, B_sbar) system, tau (B_s^0) =1.39^{+0.13}_{-0.16} (stat) ^{+0.01}_{-0.02} (syst) ps, and the relative width difference between the heavy and light mass eigenstates, Delta Gamma/Gamma = (Gamma_L - Gamma_H)/Gamma =0.24^{+0.28}_{-0.38} (stat) ^{+0.03}_{-0.04} (syst). With the additional constraint from the world average of the B_s^0$lifetime measurements using semileptonic decays, we find tau (B_s^0)= 1.39 +/- 0.06 ~ps and Delta Gamma/\Gamma = 0.25^{+0.14}_{-0.15}. For the ratio of the B_s^0 and B^0 lifetimes we obtain tau(B_s^0)/tau(B^0)} = 0.91 +/- 0.09 (stat) +/- 0.003 (syst).Comment: submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. FERMILAB-PUB-05-324-

    Measurement of Semileptonic Branching Fractions of B Mesons to Narrow D** States

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    Using the data accumulated in 2002-2004 with the DO detector in proton-antiproton collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron collider with centre-of-mass energy 1.96 TeV, the branching fractions of the decays B -> \bar{D}_1^0(2420) \mu^+ \nu_\mu X and B -> \bar{D}_2^{*0}(2460) \mu^+ \nu_\mu X and their ratio have been measured: BR(\bar{b}->B) \cdot BR(B-> \bar{D}_1^0 \mu^+ \nu_\mu X) \cdot BR(\bar{D}_1^0 -> D*- pi+) = (0.087+-0.007(stat)+-0.014(syst))%; BR(\bar{b}->B)\cdot BR(B->D_2^{*0} \mu^+ \nu_\mu X) \cdot BR(\bar{D}_2^{*0} -> D*- \pi^+) = (0.035+-0.007(stat)+-0.008(syst))%; and (BR(B -> \bar{D}_2^{*0} \mu^+ \nu_\mu X)BR(D2*0->D*- pi+)) / (BR(B -> \bar{D}_1^{0} \mu^+ \nu_\mu X)\cdot BR(\bar{D}_1^{0}->D*- \pi^+)) = 0.39+-0.09(stat)+-0.12(syst), where the charge conjugated states are always implied.Comment: submitted to Phys. Rev. Let

    Search for Large Extra Spatial Dimensions in Dimuon Production with the D0 Detector

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    We present the results of a search for the effects of large extra spatial dimensions in ppˉp{\bar p} collisions at s=\sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV in events containing a pair of energetic muons. The data correspond to 246 \ipb of integrated luminosity collected by the \D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Good agreement with the expected background was found, yielding no evidence for large extra dimensions. We set 95% C.L. lower limits on the fundamental Planck scale between 0.85 TeV and 1.27 TeV within several formalisms. These are the most stringent limits achieved in the dimuon channel to date.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, 1 table. Published in Phys. Rev. Lett. Minor changes in v2 to match the published versio

    A search for W bb and W Higgs production in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV

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    We present a search for W b \bar{b} production in p \bar{p} collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV in events containing one electron, an imbalance in transverse momentum, and two b-tagged jets. Using 174 pb-1 of integrated luminosity accumulated by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, and the standard-model description of such events, we set a 95% C.L. upper limit on W b \bar{b}productionof6.6pbforbquarkswithtransversemomentapTb>20GeVandbbˉseparationinpseudorapidity−azimuthspaceDeltaRbb>0.75.Restrictingthesearchtooptimizedbbˉmassintervalsprovidesupperlimitson production of 6.6 pb for b quarks with transverse momenta p_T^b > 20 GeV and b \bar{b} separation in pseudorapidity-azimuth space Delta R_bb > 0.75. Restricting the search to optimized b \bar{b} mass intervals provides upper limits on WHproductionof9.0 production of 9.0-12.2pb,forHiggs−bosonmassesof10512.2 pb, for Higgs-boson masses of 105-$135 GeV.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, 1 table, submitted to Physical Review Letter

    Study of ZγZ\gamma events and limits on anomalous ZZγZZ\gamma and ZγγZ\gamma\gamma couplings in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV

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    We present a measurement of the Z\gamma production cross section and limits on anomalous ZZ\gamma and Z\gamma\gamma couplings for form-factor scales of Lambda = 750 and 1000 GeV. The measurement is based on 138 (152) candidate events in the ee\gamma (\mu\mu\gamma) final state using 320 (290) pb^{-1} of ppbar collisions at \sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV. The 95% C.L. limits on real and imaginary parts of individual anomalous couplings are |h_{10,30}^{Z}|<0.23, |h_{20,40}^{Z}|<0.020, |h_{10,30}^{\gamma}|<0.23, and |h_{20,40}^{\gamma}|<0.019 for Lambda = 1000 GeV.Comment: submitted to Phys. Rev. Letter