2,968 research outputs found

    Spectroscopy of Globular Clusters in the Sculptor Group Galaxies NGC 253 and NGC 55

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    We have obtained spectra for 103 published globular cluster candidates in the Sculptor Group galaxies NGC 253 and NGC 55. On the basis of radial velocities and digitized plate images, 14 globular clusters are identified in NGC 253 and one probable globular cluster is identified in NGC 55. The majority of the objects in the sample appear to be background galaxies. We have obtained and analysed COSMOS plate scans of NGC 253 and NGC 55 and use these along with the spectroscopically identified clusters to define new samples of globular cluster candidates in the two galaxies which should have reduced contamination.Comment: 11 pages, 9 postscript figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Extending the baseline: Spitzer Mid-Infrared Photometry of Globular Cluster Systems in the Centaurus A and Sombrero Galaxies

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    Spitzer IRAC mid-infrared photometry is presented for the globular cluster (GC) systems of the NGC 5128 ("Centaurus A") and NGC 4594 ("Sombrero") galaxies. Existing optical photometric and spectroscopic are combined with this new data in a comprehensive optical to mid-IR colour catalogue of 260 GCs. Empirical colour-metallicity relationships are derived for all optical to mid-IR colour combinations. These colours prove to be very effective quantities to test the photometric predictions of simple stellar population (SSP) models. In general, four SSP models show larger discrepancies between each other and the data at bluer wavelengths, especially at high metallicities. Such differences become very important when attempting to use colour-colour model predictions to constrain the ages of stellar populations. Furthermore, the age-substructure determined from colour-colour diagrams and 91 NGC 5128 GCs with spectroscopic ages from Beasley et al. (2008) are inconsistent, suggesting any apparent GC system age-substructure implied by a colour-colour analysis must be verified independently. Unlike blue wavebands, certain optical to mid-IR colours are insensitive to the flux from hot horizontal branch stars and thus provide an excellent metallicity proxy. The NGC 5128 GC system shows strong bimodality in the optical R-band to mid-IR colour distributions, hence proving it is bimodal in metallicity. In this new colour space, a colour-magnitude trend, a "blue tilt", is found in the NGC 5128 metal-poor GC data. The NGC 5128 young GCs do not contribute to this trend. [abridged]Comment: 16 pages, 12 colour figures. To be published in MNRAS. Catalogue available from the first author. Full resolution copy available here http://lee.spitler.googlepages.com/spitzer_spitler.pd
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