977 research outputs found

    Perfis de vinculação, coparentalidade e ajustamento familiar em pais recém-divorciados: diferenças no ajustamento psicológico

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    O objectivo deste estudo foi identificar, atrav√©s de uma an√°lise de cluster, perfis de regula√ß√£o individualdi√°dica-sist√©mica em pais r√©cem-divorciados (N=81) com base na vincula√ß√£o, coparentalidade e ajustamentofamiliar. Tr√™s padr√Ķes de regula√ß√£o foram identificados: regulado-seguro (RS), desregulado-ansioso (DA) e desregulado-evitante (DE). O grupo RS mostrou n√≠veis mais elevados de seguran√ßa na vincula√ß√£o, maior qualidade na coparentalidade e no ajustamento familiar que os grupos DA e DE. A coparentalidade e o funcionamento familiar foram as dimens√Ķes que melhor diferenciaram os clusters. Avaliando o ajustamento psicol√≥gico dos pais rec√©m-divorciados em fun√ß√£o dos perfis encontrados, o grupo RS apresentou maiores n√≠veis de ajustamento psicol√≥gico do que os restantes dois grupos. N√£o foram encontradas diferen√ßas no ajustamento psicol√≥gico entre os grupos DA e DE.The aim of this study was to identify, using a cluster analysis, profiles of individual-dyadic-systemic regulation in newly divorced parents (N =81). Three profiles of regulation were identified: secure/regulated (SR), anxious/dysregulated (AD) and avoidant/dysregulated (ED). The SR group reported higher levels of attachment security and high levels of perceived parenting alliance and family adjustment than AD and ED groups. Coparenting and family functioning were the dimensions that better discriminate between clusters. Assessing the newly divorced parents‚Äô psychological adjustment using the three profiles found, the parents of SR group showed higher levels of psychological adjustment than the ones in the other two groups. There were no differences in psychological adjustment between the AD and ED groups

    Adjustment to divorce and co-parental relations: contributions from the theory of attachment

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    Neste artigo prop√Ķe-se uma contribui√ß√£o da teoria da vincula√ß√£o na compreens√£o dos processos de adapta√ß√£o dos adultos ao seu div√≥rcio e como a desvincula√ß√£o ao ex-c√īnjuge interfere na coparentalidade p√≥s-div√≥rcio. Este artigo formula duas hip√≥teses te√≥ricas. A primeira hip√≥tese afirma que o div√≥rcio, enquanto processo relacional, deve ser lido como um momento de perda que germina reac√ß√Ķes psicol√≥gicas similares √†s experienciadas pelos vi√ļvos, tal como descreve Bowlby no modelo de perda da figura de vincula√ß√£o, estando dependente dos estilos de vincula√ß√£o dos adultos. A segunda hip√≥tese sustenta que a coparentalidade p√≥s-div√≥rcio √© predita pelos estilos de vincula√ß√£o e pela qualidade da reorganiza√ß√£o da vincula√ß√£o dos pais. Finalmente, uma integra√ß√£o te√≥rica √© apresentada, operacionalizada numa proposta de investiga√ß√£o futura neste dom√≠nio.In this article, it is proposed the contribution of the attachment theory for understanding adults‚Äô adjustment processes to their divorce and how detachment to ex-spouse can infer in co-parenting relationships after marital dissolution. This article makes two theoretical assumptions that focus on two dimensions. The first hypothesis states that the divorce, while a relational process, should be read as a moment of loss that germinates similar psychological reactions to those experienced by widows. Bowlby describes it in his model of loss of the attachment figure as dependent on attachment styles of divorced adults. The second hypothesis argues that the post-divorce co-parenting relationships are predicted by the attachment styles and by the quality of parents‚Äô attachment reorganization. At the end, a theoretical integration is built, based on a proposal for future research in this area

    A moderated cumulative model of personality adjustment in divorced adults: implications for counselling

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    "Published online: 05 Jun 2017"Using a life-span developmental psychology model of positive personality adjustment, this study had two aims. First, this study aimed to compare additive and threshold cumulative models of personality adjustment after divorce. The cumulative effect hypothesis states that the number of indicators is a more accurate predictor of an outcome than any single indicator considered individually. The second aim was to test whether the association between the positive personality adjustment cumulative model and satisfaction with life (selected as the subjective criterion of personality adjustment) would be moderated by divorce-related variables. Divorced adults (N = 460) were asked to answer to self-report measures of indicators/correlates of personality adjustment. Results supported an additive cumulative model of satisfaction with life, in which the more number of personality adjustment indicators, the more divorce-related satisfaction with life. The association between the cumulative index of personality adjustment and satisfaction with life was moderated by time since divorce and divorce initiator status. Implications for counselling are discussed.This research was supported by the Portuguese Foundation of Science and Technology (Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia) through a fellowship to the first author (SFRH/BD/43525/2008).info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    A experiência de compra online no mercado de luxo

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    A utiliza√ß√£o mundial da Internet tem aumentado significativamente, assim como a sua utiliza√ß√£o que tem se tornado cada vez mais diversificada, desde a utiliza√ß√£o por motivos de entretenimento at√© √† utiliza√ß√£o para fins profissionais. A Internet veio facilitar bastante n√£o s√≥ o contacto entre pessoas, mas tamb√©m entre empresas e mercados, tornando-se rapidamente num fator essencial na vida de milh√Ķes de pessoas. Esta situa√ß√£o abriu, tamb√©m, a possibilidade de efetuar compras online, e os produtos de luxo n√£o s√£o exce√ß√£o. Um dos principais fatores que influencia a compra de produtos de luxo √© a experi√™ncia de compra na loja f√≠sica, conforme a literatura consultada, tendo esta situa√ß√£o vindo trazer novos reptos no mercado online, uma vez essa experi√™ncia √© muito diferente nas lojas online. A presente disserta√ß√£o pretende perceber de que forma os consumidores de produtos de luxo est√£o satisfeitos com a experi√™ncia de compra online destes produtos em rela√ß√£o √† loja f√≠sica. Atrav√©s de um estudo qualitativo, aplicado a consumidores de produtos de luxo, foi poss√≠vel compreender de que forma estes se encontram satisfeitos com esta experi√™ncia de compra. Para an√°lise dos dados recolhidos foi utilizado o software de an√°lise qualitativa Iramuteq que ajudou bastante na compreens√£o da mesma. Ap√≥s a an√°lise das informa√ß√Ķes fornecidas pelo software, bem como pela leitura e an√°lise das respostas, foi poss√≠vel depreender que apesar das in√ļmeras vantagens presentes nas lojas online, a prefer√™ncia dos consumidores permanece na experi√™ncia de compra numa loja f√≠sica

    Bastidores da Diferença

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    O presente estudo procura gerar informa√ß√£o e conhecimento em torno da participa√ß√£o das pessoas com defici√™ncia/incapacidade na vida art√≠stica e os m√ļltiplos efeitos que as apresenta√ß√Ķes p√ļblicas das suas obras t√™m na sociedade e nas suas vidas. Assenta primeiramente em direitos e valores, no direito √† participa√ß√£o comunit√°ria e na ideia de que a arte e a cultura est√£o entre os principais pilares que alicer√ßam as civiliza√ß√Ķes. Por isso, numa sociedade democr√°tica e inclusiva √© necess√°rio canalizar esfor√ßos para a remo√ß√£o de barreiras que impedem esta popula√ß√£o de se exprimir atrav√©s das suas obras de arte. A arte possui mecanismos para chegar ao p√ļblico e, consequentemente, √† sociedade que podem e devem ser colocados ao dispor de diversas camadas popula√ß√£o no combate √† exclus√£o, discrimina√ß√£o e indiferen√ßa. Para obter conhecimento do que acontece na pr√°tica no terreno, elaborou-se um estudo fenomenol√≥gico que recolheu dados sobre um espet√°culo de teatro e um de dan√ßa na principal sala de espet√°culos da cidade. O p√ļblico foi convidado a manifestar a sua opini√£o, as/os artistas a partilhar como vivenciaram o todo o processo de prepara√ß√£o e apresenta√ß√£o do espet√°culo, a institui√ß√£o revelou tamb√©m o que motiva a equipa a organizar o evento anualmente h√° nove anos. Os dados confirmam os pressupostos te√≥ricos que defendem a arte enquanto ferramenta poderosa de inclus√£o, uma plataforma para a valoriza√ß√£o do seu potencial humano e uma fonte de desafios e realiza√ß√£o pessoal.The present study seeks to study to, if possible, generate information and knowledge around the participation of people with disabilities in artistic life and the multiple effects that public presentations of their artwork have on society and on their lives. It is primarily based on rights and values, on the right to community participation and on the idea that art and culture are among the main pillars that underpin civilizations. Therefore, in a democratic and inclusive society, it is necessary to channel efforts to remove barriers that prevent this population from expressing themselves through their pieces of art. Art has mechanisms to reach the public and, consequently, society that can and should be made available to different layers of the population in the fight against exclusion, discrimination and indifference. To obtain knowledge on what is happening on this field at our local reality, a phenomenological study was carried out that collected data on a theatre show and a dance show in the town's main venue for performing arts. The public was invited to express their opinion, the artists to share how they experience the whole process of preparation and presentation of the show, the institution also revealed what motivates the team to organize the event annually for nine years. The data confirm the theoretical assumptions that defend art as a powerful tool for inclusion, a platform for valuing their human potential and a source of challenges and personal fulfilment

    Affective responses to stretching exercises: Exploring the timing of assessments

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    Affective responses during exercise have been identified as a predictor of exercise adherence. However, research has been mostly limited to aerobic and resistance exercise. Considering that stretching activities are also an important component of physical fitness, this quasi-experimental study was designed to: 1) compare affective responses during and immediately after stretching exercises in apparently healthy adults, and 2) assess the consistency and repeatability of affect ratings obtained one week apart. For this purpose, we analyzed the Feeling Scale (FS) and Felt Arousal Scale (FAS) ratings using Time (during and after stretching) x Intensity (light, moderate, vigorous) x Stretched Muscle Group (quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, latissimus dorsi, triceps) with repeated measures analysis of variance (ANCOVA) in 34 participants (21 males; aged 32.8 ¬Ī 8.6 years). The repeatability of FS and FAS ratings was assessed using two-way random-effects models, Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC), and Bland-Altman plots. FS scores were higher following the stretching exercises, whereas FAS scores were lower, particularly in the vigorous intensity. In general, the inter-day repeatability for FS and FAS measurements was good across muscle groups. ICC tended to be higher at vigorous intensities. Ratings of core affect can be collected during static passive stretches using the FAS and FAS in ecologically valid settings. These results suggest that an adequate assessment of core affective responses to stretching activities should be performed during the exercises.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Lean practices adoption in the Portuguese industry

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    The study purpose was to analyse the excellence and operational efficiency of Portuguese industrial companies through the measurement of lean practices implementation. Additionally, it intended to propose a new model to assess the lean production system. The results indicate that a significant percentage of organizations use lean practices within their activity. Concerning the lean implementation maturity, a plus side revealed by the study concerns the adoption of the teamwork, internal information shared principles, increase of process capability to produce conforming products, and reduction in set up times. On the other hand, responsibilities decentralization, more employees acting as team leaders, implementation of employees’ suggestions, and interconnection with suppliers, are some of the principles that need to be given greater attention by the Portuguese industrial organizations. The key contribution consists of a new model for lean determinants based on three dimensions: work method, productive process elements, and work efficiency.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Computer Aid for Dieting and Weight Control Using Model Predictive Control

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    Farre Jean-Joseph. R√®glement relatif aux √©l√®ves du service de sant√© militaire. In: Bulletin administratif de l'instruction publique. Tome 23 n¬į454, 1880. pp. 661-666
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