113 research outputs found

    Towards Neutron Transformation Searches

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    To probe the origins of the baryon asymmetry, baryon number violation, the last unconfirmed Sakharov condition, must be definitively observed experimentally. Similarly, the nature of dark matter is currently unknown, and calls out for new candidates to be investigated. Each of these issues can be considered through the study of neutron transformations. Some rare baryon number violating processes, such as neutron-antineutron transformations, are expected to probe baryogenesis. Here, I show progress on this discovery target through construction of more accurate Monte Carlo models, the design of future detectors, creation of more complete atmospheric neutrino background simulations, and use of automated analysis techniques within the the NNBAR/HIBEAM experimental program at the European Spallation Source (ESS) and the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). First simulation-based sensitivities for these experiments will be discussed. Modeling of rare neutron-antineutron transformation and subsequent annihilation will be discussed at length for multiple nuclei useful to these and other collaborations. To go along with this work, more comprehensive lepton-scattering nuclear models must be integrated into neutrino event generators for proper atmospheric neutrino background simulations. I discuss the first furnishing of these backgrounds for DUNE, and I highlight a potential path forward for the community in this vein using precision electron scattering modeling as a facsimile. Aspects of other potentially related neutron--mirror-neutron oscillations pertinent to dark matter and the neutron lifetime anomaly will also be considered for the ESS HIBEAM experiment. Here, I will present the first experimental sensitivity calculations for a broad range of modular experimental setups which will serve as research and design stepping stones toward NNBAR while producing a multitude of physics results over short time scales

    Snowmass Early Career: The Key Initiatives Organization

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    In April 2020, the 2019 and 2020 American Physical Society's Division of Particles and Fields (APS DPF) Early Career Executive Committee (ECEC) members were tasked with organizing the formation of a representative body for High-Energy Physics (HEP) early career members for the Snowmass process by the DPF Executive Committee. Here, we outline the structure we developed and the process we followed to help provide context and guidance for future early career Snowmass efforts. Our organization was composed of a cross-frontier branch with committees on Inreach, Diversity Equity and Inclusion, Survey, and Long Term Organizational Planning; in addition to the Frontier Coordination branch, formed by committees responsible for liaising with each Frontier. Throughout this document, the authors reflect on the triumphs and pitfalls of a program created from nothing over a very short period of time, by people with good intentions, who had no prior experience in building such an organization. Through this exercise of reflecting, we sometimes find that we would recommend a different path to our future selves. Insomuch as there are things to find fault with, it is in the robustness of the systems we built and refined.Comment: contribution to Snowmass 2021, 16 pages, 0 figure

    US Cosmic Visions: New Ideas in Dark Matter 2017: Community Report

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    This white paper summarizes the workshop "U.S. Cosmic Visions: New Ideas in Dark Matter" held at University of Maryland on March 23-25, 2017.Comment: 102 pages + reference
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