117,320 research outputs found

    The management of academic workloads: summary report

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    The management of academic workloads: improving practice in the sector

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    Final report of HEFCE projec

    The management of academic workloads: full report on findings

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    The pressures on UK higher education (from explicit competition and growth in student numbers, to severe regulatory demands) are greater than ever, and have resulted in a steady increase in measures taken by universities to actively manage their finances and overall quality. These pressures are also likely to have impacted on staff and, indeed, recent large surveys in the sector have indicated that almost half of respondents find their workloads unmanageable. Against this background it would seem logical that the emphasis on institutional interventions to improve finance and quality, should be matched by similar attention given to the allocation of workloads to staff, and a focus on how best to utilise people’s time - the single biggest resource available within universities. Thus the aim of this piece of research was to focus on the processes and practices surrounding the allocation of staff workloads within higher education. Ten diverse organisations were selected for study: six universities in the UK, two overseas universities and two non higher education (but knowledge-intensive) organisations. In each, a crosssection of staff was selected, and in-depth interviews carried out. A total of 59 such interviews were carried out across the ten organisations. By identifying typical practices, as well as interesting alternatives, views on the various strengths and weaknesses of each of their workload allocation approaches was collated; and associated factors requiring attention identified. Through an extensive process of analysis, approaches which promoted more equitable loads for individuals, and which might provide synergies for institutions were also investigated

    Balancing workloads: a timely issue

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    Promoting positive gender outcomes in higher education through active workload management

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    The Higher Education Funding Council funded report 'Promoting Positive Gender Outcomes in HE Through Active Workload Management' includes HEI case study interviews, surveys and workload data analysis to investigate the disparity between the genders in their careers. For example in 2010 although women made up 43% of the academic workforce when looking at the Professorial role only 18.7% were women. The report, through the field work and data analysis, uncovers a range of quite subtle factors that appear to be working together to create this imbalance and includes recommendations for better practice in workload allocation

    Senses, brain and spaces workshop

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    On the stable discretization of strongly anisotropic phase field models with applications to crystal growth

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    We introduce unconditionally stable finite element approximations for anisotropic Allen--Cahn and Cahn--Hilliard equations. These equations frequently feature in phase field models that appear in materials science. On introducing the novel fully practical finite element approximations we prove their stability and demonstrate their applicability with some numerical results. We dedicate this article to the memory of our colleague and friend Christof Eck (1968--2011) in recognition of his fundamental contributions to phase field models.Comment: 20 pages, 8 figure

    The Violence of Silencing

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    I argue that silencing (the act of preventing someone from communicating, broadly construed) can be an act of both interpersonal and institutional violence. My argument has two main steps. First, I follow others in analyzing violence as violation of integrity and show that undermining someone’s capacities as a knower can be such a violation. Second, I argue that silencing someone can violate their epistemic capacities in that way. I conclude by exploring when silencing someone might be morally justifiable, even if doing so is an act of violence

    Rethinking presence: a grounded theory of nurses and teleconsultation

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    Aims and objectives: To develop a theory that offered an evidence-based insight into the use of teleconsultation by nurses. Background: Teleconsultation is the use of video to facilitate real-time, remote interaction between healthcare practitioners and patients. Although its popularity is growing, there is little understanding of how teleconsultation impacts on the role of nurses. Design: The study adopted a constructivist grounded theory method, supplemented by the use of Straussian analytical approaches. Methods: Using selective and theoretical approaches, registered nurses with experience of using video in health care were sampled. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews exploring experiences, knowledge and feelings surrounding teleconsultation. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and subjected to three-stage, nonlinear manual analysis (open, axial and selective coding). Results: Theoretical saturation occurred after 17 interviews. The core category identified from the data was ‚Äėnursing presence‚Äô Four subcategories of nursing presence were identified: operational, clinical, therapeutic and social. The degree to which presence could be achieved was dependent upon three influencing factors ‚Äď enablers, constraints and compensation. Conclusions: Nurses provide different types of presence during teleconsultation, with the degree of presence dependent on specific characteristics of video-mediated communication. Where the use of video constrains the delivery of presence, nurses use a range of compensatory mechanisms to enhance patient care. Relevance to clinical practice: Teleconsultation provides an innovative approach to enhancing the delivery of health care. This study provides nurses with insight into the impact of teleconsultation on their professional role, and an understanding of how best to use video-mediated communication to support patient care

    The equality of 3-manifold invariants

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    The invariants of 3-manifolds defined by Kuperberg for involutory Hopf algebras and those defined by the authors for spherical Hopf algebras are the same for Hopf algebras on which they are both defined.Comment: 8 pages, definition of state sum invariant improved for clarity, plus minor typos corrected. With 3 postscript figures. further change: BoxedEPSF macro now include
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