9 research outputs found

    A indexação do conhecimento científico: a necessidade do conhecimento a serviço do desenvolvimento comunitário e da proteção da natureza

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    The pandemic, the economic crisis, and climate change impose new development models of scientific production, as we suggest in this perspective study. The authors propose ‚Äúnew ways of evaluating academic performance,‚ÄĚ which means stopping exclusively rewarding researchers who publish in indexed journals and valuing work with communities and applied interdisciplinary research, aimed at understanding socioenvironmental problems and proposing possible solutions that improve academic performance, improve quality of life of the population, and protect nature.A pandemia, a crise econ√īmica e as mudan√ßas clim√°ticas imp√Ķem novos modelos de desenvolvimento da produ√ß√£o cient√≠fica. Propomos ‚Äúnovas formas de avaliar o desempenho acad√™mico‚ÄĚ, o que significa deixar de premiar exclusivamente pesquisadores que publicam em peri√≥dicos indexados, mas valorizar o trabalho com comunidades e a pesquisa interdisciplinar aplicada, visando compreender problemas socioambientais e sugerir poss√≠veis solu√ß√Ķes que melhorem o desempenho acad√™mico, a qualidade de vida da popula√ß√£o e a prote√ß√£o da natureza

    Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies

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    An Author Correction to this article: DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-22955-x.Norm enforcement may be important for resolving conflicts and promoting cooperation. However, little is known about how preferred responses to norm violations vary across cultures and across domains. In a preregistered study of 57 countries (using convenience samples of 22,863 students and non-students), we measured perceptions of the appropriateness of various responses to a violation of a cooperative norm and to atypical social behaviors. Our findings highlight both cultural universals and cultural variation. We find a universal negative relation between appropriateness ratings of norm violations and appropriateness ratings of responses in the form of confrontation, social ostracism and gossip. Moreover, we find the country variation in the appropriateness of sanctions to be consistent across different norm violations but not across different sanctions. Specifically, in those countries where use of physical confrontation and social ostracism is rated as less appropriate, gossip is rated as more appropriate.Peer reviewe

    Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies

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    Author Correction: Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies (Nature Communications, (2021), 12, 1, (1481), 10.1038/s41467-021-21602-9)

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    The original version of this Article contained an error in the author affiliations. Cecilia Reyna was incorrectly associated with ‚ÄėUniversidad Nacional de C√≥rdoba (UNC). Facultad de Psicolog√≠a (UNC), Ciudad Universitaria, Bv. de la Reforma esquina, Enfermera Gordillo s/n, C√≥rdoba, Argentina.‚Äô instead of the correct ‚ÄėInstituto de Investigaciones Psicol√≥gicas (IIPsi), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas y T√©cnicas (CONICET), CABA, Rep√ļblica Argentina.‚Äô This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article

    Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study

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    Background: The impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on postoperative recovery needs to be understood to inform clinical decision making during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. This study reports 30-day mortality and pulmonary complication rates in patients with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: This international, multicentre, cohort study at 235 hospitals in 24 countries included all patients undergoing surgery who had SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery. The primary outcome measure was 30-day postoperative mortality and was assessed in all enrolled patients. The main secondary outcome measure was pulmonary complications, defined as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, or unexpected postoperative ventilation. Findings: This analysis includes 1128 patients who had surgery between Jan 1 and March 31, 2020, of whom 835 (74¬∑0%) had emergency surgery and 280 (24¬∑8%) had elective surgery. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed preoperatively in 294 (26¬∑1%) patients. 30-day mortality was 23¬∑8% (268 of 1128). Pulmonary complications occurred in 577 (51¬∑2%) of 1128 patients; 30-day mortality in these patients was 38¬∑0% (219 of 577), accounting for 81¬∑7% (219 of 268) of all deaths. In adjusted analyses, 30-day mortality was associated with male sex (odds ratio 1¬∑75 [95% CI 1¬∑28‚Äď2¬∑40], p\textless0¬∑0001), age 70 years or older versus younger than 70 years (2¬∑30 [1¬∑65‚Äď3¬∑22], p\textless0¬∑0001), American Society of Anesthesiologists grades 3‚Äď5 versus grades 1‚Äď2 (2¬∑35 [1¬∑57‚Äď3¬∑53], p\textless0¬∑0001), malignant versus benign or obstetric diagnosis (1¬∑55 [1¬∑01‚Äď2¬∑39], p=0¬∑046), emergency versus elective surgery (1¬∑67 [1¬∑06‚Äď2¬∑63], p=0¬∑026), and major versus minor surgery (1¬∑52 [1¬∑01‚Äď2¬∑31], p=0¬∑047). Interpretation: Postoperative pulmonary complications occur in half of patients with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection and are associated with high mortality. Thresholds for surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic should be higher than during normal practice, particularly in men aged 70 years and older. Consideration should be given for postponing non-urgent procedures and promoting non-operative treatment to delay or avoid the need for surgery. Funding: National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, Bowel and Cancer Research, Bowel Disease Research Foundation, Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, British Association of Surgical Oncology, British Gynaecological Cancer Society, European Society of Coloproctology, NIHR Academy, Sarcoma UK, Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland, and Yorkshire Cancer Research

    Posibilidades de comercializaci√≥n externa de hierbas arom√°ticas y medicinales, cultivadas en el valle de Traslasierra en la provincia de C√≥rdoba ‚Äď Argentina

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    El presente proyecto se propone analizar las posibilidades de comercializaci√≥n externas de los cultivos de hierbas arom√°ticas y medicinales de los departamentos del oeste de la provincia de C√≥rdoba, zona de menor desarrollo relativo provincial. La investigaci√≥n prev√© relevar las condiciones actuales de los agricultores, los tipos de cultivos que realizan, sus m√©todos de elaboraci√≥n, grados de procesamiento y mecanismos de comercializaci√≥n a los fines de determinar el grado de acceso a mercados internacionales de una parte de su producci√≥n, mediante pol√≠ticas p√ļblicas y privadas, con el fin de contribuir al aumento de la rentabilidad y las condiciones de vida de los habitantes de la regi√≥n. Si bien C√≥rdoba es un importante proveedor de especies arom√°ticas y medicinales aut√≥ctonas del mercado nacional, las que mayoritariamente provienen del √°rea se√Īalada precedentemente, las exportaciones han sido muy escasas (menos de diez agricultores quienes han realizado embarques espor√°dicos a lo largo de los √ļltimos a√Īos). Ello sucede aun cuando el mercado internacional de hierbas arom√°ticas y medicinales creci√≥ sustancialmente. Actualmente, en distintas zonas rurales del departamento San Javier existen unos 100 micro emprendedores que explotan unas 600 hect√°reas con hierbas como or√©gano, romero, tomillo, toronjil, salvia y menta. De ese total de agricultores, s√≥lo tres han tenido peque√Īas experiencias de exportar parte de su producci√≥n a Brasil, aunque con cantidades muy limitadas. Este proyecto, tiene como prop√≥sito definir la viabilidad concreta de incursionar en mercados internacionales por parte de esa regi√≥n de la provincia de C√≥rdoba y poseer una valiosa herramienta de gesti√≥n que contribuya tanto a los sectores productivos como gubernamentales en torno al perfil productivo y social que tendr√° la regi√≥n en los pr√≥ximos a√Īos. Para ello, se analizar√° la situaci√≥n actual desde experiencias concretas o futuras de alianzas de cooperaci√≥n t√©cnica entre agricultores, entidades gubernamentales y no gubernamentales que permit√≠an sistematizar los conocimientos tradicionales y agregar nuevas tecnolog√≠as en toda la cadena productiva, de modo que permita la internacionalizaci√≥n de sus productos en un futuro inmediato, generando nuevas alternativas de cultivo, procesamiento y comercializaci√≥n internacional de productos medicinales y arom√°ticos aplicables en la regi√≥n que contribuyan a la expansi√≥n econ√≥mica y social de la regi√≥n.publishedVersio
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