1,927 research outputs found

    On the Accuracy of Hyperspherical Harmonics Approaches to Photonuclear Reactions

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    Using the Lorentz Integral Transform (LIT) method we compare the results for the triton total photodisintegration cross section obtained using the Correlated Hyperspherical Harmonics (CHH) and the Effective Interaction Hyperspherical Harmonics (EIHH) techniques. We show that these two approaches, while rather different both conceptually and computationally, lead to results which coincide within high accuracy. The calculations which include two- and three-body forces are of the same high quality in both cases. We also discuss the comparison of the two approaches in terms of computational efficiency. These results are of major importance in view of applications to the much debated case of the four-nucleon photoabsorption.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figure

    The nuclear contacts and short range correlations in nuclei

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    Atomic nuclei are complex strongly interacting systems and their exact theoretical description is a long-standing challenge. An approximate description of nuclei can be achieved by separating its short and long range structure. This separation of scales stands at the heart of the nuclear shell model and effective field theories that describe the long-range structure of the nucleus using a mean- field approximation. We present here an effective description of the complementary short-range structure using contact terms and stylized two-body asymptotic wave functions. The possibility to extract the nuclear contacts from experimental data is presented. Regions in the two-body momentum distribution dominated by high-momentum, close-proximity, nucleon pairs are identified and compared to experimental data. The amount of short-range correlated (SRC) nucleon pairs is determined and compared to measurements. Non-combinatorial isospin symmetry for SRC pairs is identified. The obtained one-body momentum distributions indicate dominance of SRC pairs above the nuclear Fermi-momentum.Comment: Accepted for publication in Physics Letters. 6 pages, 2 figure

    Are there compact heavy four-quark bound states?

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    We present an exact method to study four-quark systems based on the hyperspherical harmonics formalism. We apply it to several physical systems of interest containing two heavy and two light quarks using different quark-quark potentials. Our conclusions mark the boundaries for the possible existence of compact, non-molecular, four-quark bound states. While QQnˉnˉQQ\bar n \bar n states may be stable in nature, the stability of QQˉnnˉQ\bar Qn \bar n states would imply the existence of quark correlations not taken into account by simple quark dynamical modelsComment: 10 pages, 1 figure. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    The nuclear electric polarizability of 6He

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    We present an estimate of the nuclear electric polarizability of the 6He halo nucleus based on six-body microscopic calculations. Wave functions are obtained from semi-realistic two-body interactions using the hyperspherical harmonics expansion method. The polarizability is calculated as a sum rule of the dipole response function using the Lanczos algorithm and also by integrating the photo-absorption cross section calculated via the Lorentz integral transform method. We obtain alpha_E=1.00(14) fm^3, which is much smaller than the published value 1.99(40) fm^3 extracted from experimental data. This points towards a potential disagreement between microscopic theories and experimental observations.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures, minor changes, added error analysi

    Total Photoabsorption Cross Sections of A=6 Nuclei with Complete Final State Interaction

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    The total photoabsorption cross sections of 6He and 6Li are calculated microscopically with full inclusion of the six-nucleon final state interaction using semirealistic nucleon-nucleon potentials. The Lorentz Integral Transform (LIT) method and the effective interaction approach for the hyperspherical formalism are employed. While 6Li has a single broad giant resonance peak, there are two well separated peaks for 6He corresponding to the breakup of the neutron halo and the alpha core, respectively. The comparison with the few available experimental data is discussed.Comment: LaTeX, 8 pages, 3 ps figure

    Corrigendum: Editorial: Immunological role of the maternal microbiome in pregnancy.

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    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.703009.]

    State Dependent Effective Interaction for the Hyperspherical Formalism

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    The method of effective interaction, traditionally used in the framework of an harmonic oscillator basis, is applied to the hyperspherical formalism of few-body nuclei (A=3-6). The separation of the hyperradial part leads to a state dependent effective potential. Undesirable features of the harmonic oscillator approach associated with the introduction of a spurious confining potential are avoided. It is shown that with the present method one obtains an enormous improvement of the convergence of the hyperspherical harmonics series in calculating ground state properties, excitation energies and transitions to continuum states.Comment: LaTeX, 16 pages, 8 ps figure

    Four-quark spectroscopy within the hyperspherical formalism

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    We present a generalization of the hyperspherical harmonic formalism to study systems made of quarks and antiquarks of the same flavor. This generalization is based on the symmetrization of the N−N-body wave function with respect to the symmetric group using the Barnea and Novoselsky algorithm. The formalism is applied to study four-quark systems by means of a constituent quark model successful in the description of the two- and three-quark systems. The results are compared to those obtained by means of variational approaches. Our analysis shows that four-quark systems with exotic 0+−0^{+-} and non-exotic 2++2^{++} quantum numbers may be bound independently of the mass of the quark. 2+−2^{+-} and 1+−1^{+-} states become attractive only for larger mass of the quarks.Comment: 20 pages, 3 figure
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