1,797 research outputs found

    Panel III: The New Campaign Against Counterfeiting and Piracy.

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    What is the evaluation and treatment strategy for Raynaud's phenomenon?

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    Raynaud's phenomenon is diagnosed by history, which also plays a key role in distinguishing primary from secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, based on expert opinion). The initial treatment includes conservative measures such as the use of gloves, cold avoidance, and rapid rewarming (SOR: C, based on expert opinion); in refractory cases, the vasodilatory agents nifedipine or prazosin alleviate symptoms (SOR: A for both, based on multiple randomized controlled trials)

    Editorial update

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    Taylor and Francis have published JAEOL for eight years. During that time the Journal has gone from strength to strength, most notably increasing from two issues a year in 2006 to four issues in 2015 and there has been a number of special issues: Journey(s)  vol. 10 (2); Outdoor and Adventure Therapy vol. 11(2); Cultural Perspectives on Experiential Learning in Outdoor Spaces vol. 12 (3); Outdoor Play and Learning in Early Childhood from Cultural Perspectives vol. 13 (3); and Space, Place and Sustainability and the Role of Outdoor Education vol. 14 (3).  The forthcoming special issue focuses on Adventure and the call for inclusion in that edition closes in March 2016. A themed issue focusing on Latin America is in progress and due in 2016.  If you wish to propose a special issue please visit the website and read the special issue guidelines available at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/pdf/education/SI_guidelines_JAEOL.pdf. Do refer to the aims and scope of the Journal when developing your theme

    Clinical Reasoning on an Assignment: Baccalaureate Nursing Students\u27 Perceptions / Raisonnement clinique à partir d’un travail écrit : la perception d’ étudiantes au baccalauréat en sciences infirmières

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    Baccalaureate nursing students must develop strong clinical reasoning skills to make sound clinical judgments regarding patient care. The purpose of this Interpretive Descriptive qualitative study was to explore how students understand the evolution and application of their own clinical reasoning skills. Eight nursing students were interviewed about their perceptions regarding the use of clinical reasoning skills on a written, patient scenario based assignment. An overarching theme of Over Time emerged along with two themes: Understanding of Clinical Reasoning and Making Sense of the Assignment. Sub-themes were identified as not knowing, knowing, applying knowing and valuing knowing. Students understood their clinical reasoning skills to have progressed throughout their educational program; perceived that their understanding of the patient’s problem and the required nursing actions deepened over the time of writing the assignment; perceived they were able to apply learning from the assignment to their nursing practice; and perceived writing the assignment to be a stressful experience. Implications for nursing education include leveling of assignments; completing the assignment in pairs or small groups to improve learning and decrease stress; and the incorporation of virtual patient or high-fidelity simulation to improve the visual and unfolding elements of a patient scenario based clinical reasoning assignment. Résumé Les étudiantes des programmes de baccalauréat en sciences infirmières doivent développer un solide raisonnement clinique afin d’être en mesure d’arriver à des jugements cliniques sûrs concernant les soins aux patients. Cette étude qualitative descriptive interprétative visait à explorer comment des étudiantes comprennent le développement et la mise en application de leur propre raisonnement clinique. Huit étudiantes en sciences infirmières ont été interviewées sur la manière dont elles percevaient leur recours au raisonnement clinique dans le cadre d’un travail écrit à partir de la situation d’un patient. Un thème général intitulé Au fil du temps a émergé avec deux thèmes : Comprendre le raisonnement clinique et Donner un sens au travail écrit. Les sous-thèmes définis comprenaient ne pas savoir, savoir, mettre en application le savoir et valoriser le savoir. Les étudiantes ont compris que leur raisonnement clinique s’est amélioré tout au long de leur programme d’études. Elles ont perçu que leur compréhension des problèmes vécus par le patient et des interventions infirmières requises s’approfondissait à mesure qu’elles progressaient dans le travail. Elles ont perçu être en mesure d’appliquer à leur pratique infirmière ce qu’elles avaient appris lors du travail, mais elles ont perçu la rédaction de ce dernier constituait une source de stress. Les implications pour la formation en sciences infirmières incluent d’ajuster le niveau des travaux, de proposer un travail en équipe de deux ou en petits groupes pour favoriser l’apprentissage et réduire le stress, ainsi que d’introduire une simulation avec patient virtuel ou haute-fidélité pour améliorer les éléments visuels et le degré de réalité du scénario du patient inclus dans le travail sur le raisonnement clinique

    Investing in digital color...the bottom line

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    The purpose of this research is to understand the investment requirements that digital color prospects will face in order to build a digital color business. Printers and prepress firms have been hearing that the cost of ownership is declining, but they need to understand that the business model reaches far beyond cost per page. Not only do digital color printers need to purchase equipment, maintenance support, and consumables, but they need to build the right infrastructure to deliver value-added digital color services to their customers.This research report will examine the various equipment, RIP, and software options print service providers have for migrating into the world of digital color and the associated costs. More importantly, this document will describe what is required to transform digital color equipment into value-added services. Case histories will provide a detailed analysis of the infrastructure needed to make a digital color business thrive. Users will discuss their migration into personalization, Internet services, fulfillment, and distribution. Current owners will also review the investments that were required in digital front-end solutions and software, as well as personnel to sell and support digital color offerings. This white paper is designed to aggregate standard digital color cost elements that are easily identified with infrastructure needs in order to provide a complete investment picture for the world of digital color

    Introduction [International handbook of outdoor studies]

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    This international compilation brings together current leading scholars in outdoor studies from a variety of disciplines to bring to readers principal ideas and leading-edge developments. We also draw together the strands of outdoor studies into one volume, making the important connections among key threads including education, leisure, physical culture, sport, the outdoor environment and practice

    A Survey of Educators\u27 Needs when Accommodating Students with Physical Disabilities in Regular Education Classrooms

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    Background and Purpose. Students with physical disabilities have been included in regular education classrooms, under IDEA, since the 1970\u27s. Research has shown that many teachers do not feel adequately prepared for adapting their classrooms for a student with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study is to assess the perceived needs of regular educators in North Dakota and determine what ways physical therapists can offer assistance to educators when accommodating for a student with physical disabilities. Subjects and Methods. Six hundred and fifty questionnaires were sent out to randomly selected, North Dakota teachers via the mail (325) and email (325). The questionnaires requested information regarding: demographics, perceived competencies, where they seek assistance, and areas of need for more information. A descriptive analysis was then performed comparing the returned survey responses. Results. Of the 650 questionnaires sent out, 324 (49.8%) fit the criteria to be analyzed for purposes of this study. Women (x2=.049) and elementary teachers (p=.031) significantly felt the most competent in adapting their classrooms for students with physical disabilities, and were more likely to utilize outside resources such as occupational (x2\u3c.001) and physical therapists (x2\u3c.001). High school teachers were least likely to feel competent (p=.031). There was not a significant difference between general and special educators\u27 feelings of competency, however, special educators perceived themselves slightly higher than regular educators in all categories. North Dakota educators indicated need for education in adapting environments (62.3%), handling and positioning techniques (59%), defining roles and responsibilities of team members (54.3 %), sources for adaptive equipment (51.2%), and basic guidelines for medical procedures (45.7%). Discussion and Conclusion. This study corresponded with other recent research in showing a need for further teacher education on the inclusion of students with physical disabilities into the regular education classroom. The responses indicated a request for moderate to maximum assistance in all topic areas related to physical disabilities. Physical therapists may be of assistance in this area because of their knowledge of physical disabilities. More research is needed in this area, as North Dakota teachers were the only representatives of this study
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