15 research outputs found

    Princípio da precaução e livre comércio

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    Collaborative inter-firm innovation in the frontiers of the knowledge economy: preliminary remarks towards rethinking private law for the new economy

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    Collaborative inter-firm innovation in the frontiers of the knowledge economy: preliminary remarks towards rethinking private law for the new economy¬†¬†Inova√ß√£o interfirma colaborativa nas fronteiras da economia do conhecimento: considera√ß√Ķes preliminares para repensar o direito privado na nova economia¬†¬†Innovaci√≥n colaborativa interfirma en las fronteras de la econom√≠a del conocimiento: consideraciones preliminares para repensar o derecho privado en la nueva econom√≠a¬†¬†Pablo Marcello Baquero*¬†RESUMO:¬†Este artigo se prop√Ķe a examinar a quest√£o da inova√ß√£o colaborativa entre empresas em quatro etapas. Primeiro, analiso as principais caracter√≠sticas do paradigma de produ√ß√£o da ‚ÄúNova Economia‚ÄĚ, onde as empresas s√£o cada vez mais obrigadas a estabelecer rela√ß√Ķes de colabora√ß√£o para se manterem competitivas no mercado. Segundo, examino as principais formas de colabora√ß√£o entre empresas estabelecidas e as formas correspondentes de desenho legal das transa√ß√Ķes. Terceiro, descrevo os principais desafios legais de coordena√ß√£o para que essas colabora√ß√Ķes sejam eficazes. Quarto, concluo mencionando as formas potenciais pelas quais as regras de com√©rcio internacional ou guias legislativos podem contribuir para facilitar e encorajar colabora√ß√Ķes inovadoras entre empresas legalmente independentes para inovar.¬†¬†PALAVRAS-CHAVE:¬†Nova Economia. Colabora√ß√£o entre empresas. Inova√ß√£o.¬†RESUMEN: Este art√≠culo propone examinar el tema de la innovaci√≥n colaborativa entre empresas en cuatro etapas. En primer lugar, analizo las principales caracter√≠sticas del paradigma productivo de la ‚ÄúNueva Econom√≠a‚ÄĚ, donde las empresas se ven cada vez m√°s obligadas a establecer relaciones de colaboraci√≥n para seguir siendo competitivas en el mercado. En segundo lugar, examino las principales formas de colaboraci√≥n entre empresas establecidas y las correspondientes formas de dise√Īo de transacciones legales. En tercer lugar, describo los principales desaf√≠os legales de la coordinaci√≥n para que estas colaboraciones sean efectivas. En cuarto lugar, concluyo mencionando las posibles formas en que las reglas de comercio internacional o las directrices legislativas pueden contribuir a facilitar y fomentar colaboraciones innovadoras entre empresas legalmente independientes para innovar.¬†PALABRAS-CLAVE: Nueva Econom√≠a. Colaboraci√≥n entre empresas. Innovaci√≥n¬†¬†ABSTRACT: This paper proposes to examine the issue of collaborative inter-firm innovation in four steps. In the first, I analyze the main features of the ‚ÄúNew Economy‚ÄĚ production paradigm, where companies increasingly are required to establish collaborative relationships to remain competitive in the market. Second, I examine the main forms of inter-firm collaborations established and the corresponding forms of legal design of the transactions. Third, I describe the main legal challenges of coordination for these collaborations to be effective. Fourth, I conclude mentioning the potential ways through which international trade rules or legislative guides could contribute to facilitating and encouraging innovative collaborations between legally independent companies to innovate.¬†¬†KEYWORDS: New Economy. Inter-firm collaboration. Inovation.¬†¬†SUM√ĀRIO:¬†Introduction.¬†1 The ‚Äúnew economy‚ÄĚ production paradigm: de-verticalization, globalization, problem-solving. 2 Models of inter-firm cooperation: relational, modular, co-design. 3 Legal issues regarding collaborative innovative projects: beyond the traditional legal categories. 4 Challenges to be overcome in the coordination of collaborative inter-firm projects. 5 Potential areas of study for international trade organizations. 5.1 Governance mechanisms and legal design. 5.2 Legal doctrine. References.¬†* Professor Assistente na √Čcole des hautes √©tudes commerciales de Paris, na Fran√ßa (HEC Paris). Doutor em Direito pela Universidade de Cambridge, na Inglaterra. E-mail: [email protected]

    European law from the perspective of societal constitutionalism

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    This paper proposes that societal constitutionalism, as elaborated by Gunther Teubner, provides a potential legal approach to understand the structure of the EU, one that can provide valuable insights into how to deal with some of the problems generating its identity crisis. The theory of societal constitutionalism provides a perspective of the EU as a flexible, malleable organization, able to maintain a certain coherence while remaining open for adaptation to different circumstances. This structure, combining flexibility with coherence, could serve as a guideline in rethinking or reforming an EU that can overcome/survive the current crisis. The paper is structured in six parts, each of them examining an issue of EU law, proposing how it would be examined in the light of Teubner’s theory of societal constitutionalism. This analysis intends to reveal the EU legal persona that emerges from the viewpoint of social systems theory, in the context of examples that have been discussed in the scholarly legal literature on the EU crisis

    Princípio da precaução e livre comércio

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    Artigo: Formas alternativas de participação política ou naturalização normativa? Cultura política e capital social no Brasil

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    This main objective of this paper is to examine the theoretical limitations of approaches that utilize institutional engineering, which is the main determinant of political democratic stability in Brazil. Based on the assumption that the effective governance in the country requires a normative base of support for democratic principles, it emphasizes the significance of analyzing how the process of constructing a democratic political culture occurs. Also, the concept of social capital is proposed as a citizens‚Äô empowerment mechanism, which, in a synergic sense, could contribute to the dynamization of the social development of the country. The empirical base of this paper arises from research surveys conducted in the last twenty years in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Key-words: democracy, political culture, social capital, synergyEste trabalho tem como objetivo examinar as limita√ß√Ķes explicativas das abordagens que privilegiam a engenharia institucional como sendo determinante da estabilidade democr√°tica no Brasil. Partindo do pressuposto de que √© imprescind√≠vel, para gerar governabilidade efetiva, o desenvolvimento de uma base normativa de apoio aos princ√≠pios democr√°ticos, enfatizase a relev√Ęncia de analisar como se d√° o processo de constru√ß√£o de uma cultura pol√≠tica democr√°tica. Al√©m disso, prop√Ķe o conceito de capital social como mecanismo de empoderamento dos cidad√£os, o qual pode possibilitar, num sentido sin√©rgico, contribuir para dinamizar o desenvolvimento social do Pa√≠s. A base emp√≠rica deste trabalho prov√©m de pesquisas de opini√£o realizadas em Porto Alegre/RS nos √ļltimos vinte anos
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