987 research outputs found

    Constraints on the χ_(c1) versus χ_(c2) polarizations in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV

    Get PDF
    The polarizations of promptly produced χ_(c1) and χ_(c2) mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at √s=8  TeV. The χ_c states are reconstructed via their radiative decays χ_c → J/ψγ, with the photons being measured through conversions to e⁺e⁻, which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the χ_(c2) to χ_(c1) yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the J/ψ → μ⁺μ⁻ decay, in three bins of J/ψ transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the helicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum

    Elastic differential cross-section d sigma/dt at root s=2.76 TeV and implications on the existence of a colourless C-odd three-gluon compound state

    Get PDF
    The proton-proton elastic differential cross sectvion d sigma/dt has been measured by the TOTEM experiment at root s = 2.76 TeV energy with beta* = 11 m beam optics. The Roman Pots were inserted to 13 times the transverse beam size from the beam, which allowed tomeasure the differential cross-section of elastic scattering in a range of the squared four-momentum transfer (vertical bar t vertical bar) from 0.36 to 0.74 GeV2. The differential cross-section can be described with an exponential in the vertical bar t vertical bar-range between 0.36 and 0.54 GeV2, followed by a diffractive minimum (dip) at vertical bar t(dip)vertical bar = (0.61 +/- 0.03) GeV2 and a subsequent maximum (bump). The ratio of the ds/dt at the bump and at the dip is 1.7 +/- 0.2. When compared to proton-antiproton measurement of the D0 experiment at root s = 1.96 TeV, a significant difference can be observed. Under the condition that the effects due to the energy difference between TOTEM and D0 can be neglected, the result provides evidence for the exchange of a colourless C-odd three-gluon compound state in the t-channel of the proton-proton and proton-antiproton elastic scattering.Peer reviewe