77 research outputs found

    When Lift-and-Project Cuts are Different

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    In this paper, we present a method to determine if a lift-and-project cut for a mixed-integer linear program is irregular, in which case the cut is not equivalent to any intersection cut from the bases of the linear relaxation. This is an important question due to the intense research activity for the past decade on cuts from multiple rows of simplex tableau as well as on lift-and-project cuts from non-split disjunctions. While it is known since Balas and Perregaard (2003) that lift-and-project cuts from split disjunctions are always equivalent to intersection cuts and consequently to such multi-row cuts, Balas and Kis (2016) have recently shown that there is a necessary and sufficient condition in the case of arbitrary disjunctions: a lift-and-project cut is regular if, and only if, it corresponds to a regular basic solution of the Cut Generating Linear Program (CGLP). This paper has four contributions. First, we state a result that simplifies the verification of regularity for basic CGLP solutions from Balas and Kis (2016). Second, we provide a mixed-integer formulation that checks whether there is a regular CGLP solution for a given cut that is regular in a broader sense, which also encompasses irregular cuts that are implied by the regular cut closure. Third, we describe a numerical procedure based on such formulation that identifies irregular lift-and-project cuts. Finally, we use this method to evaluate how often lift-and-project cuts from simple tt-branch split disjunctions are irregular, and thus not equivalent to multi-row cuts, on 74 instances of the MIPLIB benchmarks.Comment: INFORMS Journal on Computing (to appear

    On the relationship between standard intersection cuts, lift-and-project cuts, and generalized intersection cuts

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    We examine the connections between the classes of cuts in the title. We show that lift-and-project (L&P) cuts from a given disjunction are equivalent to generalized intersection cuts from the family of polyhedra obtained by taking positive combinations of the complements of the inequalities of each term of the disjunction. While L&P cuts from split disjunctions are known to be equivalent to standard intersection cuts (SICs) from the strip obtained by complementing the terms of the split, we show that L&P cuts from more general disjunctions may not be equivalent to any SIC. In particular, we give easily verifiable necessary and sufficient conditions for a L&P cut from a given disjunction D to be equivalent to a SIC from the polyhedral counterpart of D. Irregular L&P cuts, i.e. those that violate these conditions, have interesting properties. For instance, unlike the regular ones, they may cut off part of the corner polyhedron associated with the LP solution from which they are derived. Furthermore, they are not exceptional: their frequency exceeds that of regular cuts. A numerical example illustrates some of the above properties. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Mathematical Optimization Societ

    Egészértékű programozás : poliéderes módszerek

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    Disjunctive programming

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    Disjunctive Programming is a technique and a discipline initiated by the author in the early 1970's, which has become a central tool for solving nonconvex optimization problems like pure or mixed integer programs, through convexification (cutting plane) procedures combined with enumeration. It has played a major role in the revolution in the state of the art of Integer Programming that took place roughly during the period 1990-2010. The main benefit that the reader may acquire from reading this book is a deeper understanding of the theoretical underpinnings and of the applications potential of disjunctive programming, which range from more efficient problem formulation to enhanced modeling capability and improved solution methods for integer and combinatorial optimization. Egon Balas is University Professor and Lord Professor of Operations Research at Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business.

    A modified lift-and-project procedure

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    In recent years the lift-and-project approach has been used successfully within a branch-and-cut framework to solve large, difficult pure and mixed 0-1 programs that have resisted solution efforts by pure branch and bound codes. The approach uses a linear description in a higher dimensional space of the convex hull of the disjunctive set created by imposing one or several 0-1 conditions. By solving a linear program derived from this higher dimensional representation - the cut generating linear program (CGLP) - the standard lift-and-project procedure obtains a deepest cut in a well defined sense. We propose a modification of CGLP that allows us to generate not just one deepest cut, but a class of cuts with desirable properties, each at the cost of one extra pivot in the optimal tableau of the modified CGLP.

    Discrete programming by implicite enumeration

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    Doctorat en sciences sociales, politiques et Ă©conomiquesinfo:eu-repo/semantics/nonPublishe

    Discrete programming by implicite enumeration

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    Doctorat en sciences sociales, politiques et Ă©conomiquesinfo:eu-repo/semantics/nonPublishe

    Ranking the facets of the octahedron

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