2,589 research outputs found

    Les besoins et les enjeux en matière d’analyse criminelle stratégique et opérationnelle

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    Cette table ronde fait suite à la Recommandation n° 24 du Vademecum : promouvoir des travaux de recherche académique in loco au sein de services de police/gendarmerie (soit en tant qu’officier de police/chercheur, soit en tant que chercheur résident) pour accéder plus facilement aux données dans un environnement sécurisé et diffuser de nouvelles méthodes, de nouvelles approches etc. entre pairs. Ces initiatives seraient particulière¬ment importantes pour faciliter les recherches académiques pour, avec et par des praticiens, qui permettent d’injecter l’expérience dans un processus intellectuel

    Variability of radioiodine measurements in the thyroid

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    Monte Carlo simulations were carried out to study the response of a thyroid monitor for measuring intake activities of 125I and 131I. The aim of the study was 3-fold: to cross-validate the Monte Carlo simulation programs, to study the response of the detector using different phantoms and to study the effects of anatomical variations. Simulations were performed using the Swiss reference phantom and several voxelised phantoms. Determining the position of the thyroid is crucial for an accurate determination of radiological risks. The detector response using the Swiss reference phantom was in fairly good agreement with the response obtained using adult voxelised phantoms for 131I, but should be revised for a better calibration for 125I and for any measurements taken on paediatric patient

    Touch DNA collection - Performance of four different swabs.

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    A collaborative study conducted by three police forensic units, a DNA laboratory, and a forensic academic institute was undertaken in order to compare the performance of four different swabs in controlled and quasi-operational conditions. For this purpose, a reference swab (Prionics cardboard evidence collection kit) currently used within the police forensic units and 3 challenger swabs (COPAN 4N6FLOQSwabs™ (Genetics variety), Puritan FAB-MINI-AP and Sarstedt Forensic Swab) were used for collecting DNA traces from previously used items (referred as "touch DNA" in this article) including on 60 collars, 60 screwdrivers and 60 steering wheels obtained from volunteers. For each comparison, the surface considered was divided into two equal components; one was sampled with the reference swab and the other with one of the three challenger swabs. This lead to a total of 360 samples. Conclusions were consistent within the four operational partners. From a practical point of view, the COPAN 4N6FLOQSwabs™ (Genetics variety) was judged the most convenient to use. Furthermore, it allowed the recovery of significantly more DNA from collars (0.65 vs 0.13 ng/μL) and steering wheels (2.82 vs 1.77 ng/μL), and a similar amount of DNA from screwdrivers (0.032 vs 0.026 ng/μL) compared with the Prionics reference swab. The two other challenger swabs provided results that were not significantly different from the reference swab, except for the Puritan swab, whose performance was significantly lower for steering wheels (0.37 vs 0.58 ng/μL). As part of a conservation study, 50 μL of a blood dilution (1/4 with PBS) was deposited on a total of 105 COPAN (Genetics and Crime Scene varieties), Prionics and Sarstedt swabs. They were stored within a cupboard at room temperature. The integrity of the recovered DNA was evaluated with NGM SElect™ DNA profiles after different time-spans ranging from 1 day to 12 months by comparing the height difference of the peaks occurring at the shortest and longest loci, respectively. DNA seemed to remain stable, except when using the COPAN 4N6FLOQSwabs™ treated with an antimicrobial agent (Crime scene variety), which resulted in significant DNA degradation. Following these tests, the COPAN 4N6FLOQSwabs™ (Genetics variety), a model with a desiccant, was selected for further testing in fully operational conditions

    Multiplex giant magnetoresistive biosensor microarrays identify interferon-associated autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.

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    High titer, class-switched autoantibodies are a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Dysregulation of the interferon (IFN) pathway is observed in individuals with active SLE, although the association of specific autoantibodies with chemokine score, a combined measurement of three IFN-regulated chemokines, is not known. To identify autoantibodies associated with chemokine score, we developed giant magnetoresistive (GMR) biosensor microarrays, which allow the parallel measurement of multiple serum antibodies to autoantigens and peptides. We used the microarrays to analyze serum samples from SLE patients and found individuals with high chemokine scores had significantly greater reactivity to 13 autoantigens than individuals with low chemokine scores. Our findings demonstrate that multiple autoantibodies, including antibodies to U1-70K and modified histone H2B tails, are associated with IFN dysregulation in SLE. Further, they show the microarrays are capable of identifying autoantibodies associated with relevant clinical manifestations of SLE, with potential for use as biomarkers in clinical practice

    Probing the boundaries of the Hadronic Phase through a Strangeness including Statistical Bootstrap Model (S-SBM)

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    A recently constructed strangeness-including Statistical Bootstrap Model (S-SBM), which defines the limits of the hadronic phase and provides for a phase beyond, is further extended so as to include a factor that describes strangeness suppression. The model is then used to analyse the multiplicity data from collision experiments in which the colliding entities form isospin symmetric systems, the primary focus being on S+S interactions (NA35 collaboration). An optimal set of thermodynamical variables is extracted through a fit to both the inclusive full phase space and midrapidity data. The assumption that the measured particles originate from a thermally and partial-chemically equilibrated source described by the S-SBM is satisfactorily established. The proximity of the thermodynamical variables extracted from the S+S data to the limits of the hadronic phase is systematically investigated. Finally, experimental data from proton-antiproton collisions (UA5 collaboration) are similarly analysed.Comment: 39 pages, 17 figures, all the figures joined in one file. Submitted in Phys. Rev.

    Sub MeV Particles Detection and Identification in the MUNU detector ((1)ISN, IN2P3/CNRS-UJF, Grenoble, France, (2)Institut de Physique, Neuch\^atel, Switzerland, (3) INFN, Padova Italy, (4) Physik-Institut, Z\"{u}rich, Switzerland)

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    We report on the performance of a 1 m3^{3} TPC filled with CF4_{4} at 3 bar, immersed in liquid scintillator and viewed by photomultipliers. Particle detection, event identification and localization achieved by measuring both the current signal and the scintillation light are presented. Particular features of α\alpha particle detection are also discussed. Finally, the 54{54}Mn photopeak, reconstructed from the Compton scattering and recoil angle is shown.Comment: Latex, 19 pages, 20 figure

    Comparison of organ doses and image quality between CT and flat panel XperCT scans in wrist and inner ear examinations

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    The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare organ doses delivered to patients in wrist and petrous bone examinations using a multislice spiral computed tomography (CT) and a C-arm cone-beam CT equipped with a flat-panel detector (XperCT). For this purpose, doses to the target organ, i.e. wrist or petrous bone, together with those to the most radiosensitive nearby organs, i.e. thyroid and eye lens, were measured and compared. Furthermore, image quality was compared for both imaging systems and different acquisition modes using a Catphan phantom. Results show that both systems guarantee adequate accuracy for diagnostic purposes for wrist and petrous bone examinations. Compared with the CT scanner, the XperCT system slightly reduces the dose to target organs and shortens the overall duration of the wrist examination. In addition, using the XperCT enables a reduction of the dose to the eye lens during head scans (skull base and ear examinations

    Monte Carlo simulation of a whole-body counter using IGOR phantoms

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    Whole-body counting is a technique of choice for assessing the intake of gamma-emitting radionuclides. An appropriate calibration is necessary, which is done either by experimental measurement or by Monte Carlo (MC) calculation. The aim of this work was to validate a MC model for calibrating whole-body counters (WBCs) by comparing the results of computations with measurements performed on an anthropomorphic phantom and to investigate the effect of a change in phantom's position on the WBC counting sensitivity. GEANT MC code was used for the calculations, and an IGOR phantom loaded with several types of radionuclides was used for the experimental measurements. The results show a reasonable agreement between measurements and MC computation. A 1-cm error in phantom positioning changes the activity estimation by >2 %. Considering that a 5-cm deviation of the positioning of the phantom may occur in a realistic counting scenario, this implies that the uncertainty of the activity measured by a WBC is ∼10-20

    The First 1 1/2 Years of TOTEM Roman Pot Operation at LHC

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    Since the LHC running season 2010, the TOTEM Roman Pots (RPs) are fully operational and serve for collecting elastic and diffractive proton-proton scattering data. Like for other moveable devices approaching the high intensity LHC beams, a reliable and precise control of the RP position is critical to machine protection. After a review of the RP movement control and position interlock system, the crucial task of alignment will be discussed.Comment: 3 pages, 6 figures; 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 2011), San Sebastian, Spain; contribution MOPO01