9 research outputs found

    Caveats of green hydrogen for decarbonisation of heating in buildings

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    Hydrogen (H2) has rapidly become a topic of great attention when discussing routes to net-zero carbon emissions. About 14% of CO2 emissions globally are directly associated with domestic heating in buildings. Replacing natural gas (NG) with H2 for heating has been highlighted as a rapid alternative for mitigating these emissions. To realise this, not only the production challenges but also potential obstacles in the transmission/distribution and combustion of H2 must be technically identified and discussed. This review, in addition to delineating the challenges of H2 in NG grid pipelines and H2 combustion, also collates the results of the state-of-the-art technologies in H2-based heating systems. We conclude that the sustainability of water and renewable electricity resources strongly depends on sizing, siting, service life of electrolysis plants, and post-electrolysis water disposal plans. 100% H2 in pipelines requires major infrastructure upgrades including production, transmission, pressure-reduction stations, distribution, and boiler rooms. H2 leakage instigates more environmental risks than economic ones. With optimised boilers, burning H2 could reduce GHG emissions and obtain an appropriate heating efficiency; more data from boiler manufacturers must be provided. Overall, green H2 is not the only solution to decarbonise heating in buildings, and it should be pursued abreast of other heating technologies

    Highly selective PtCo bimetallic nanoparticles on silica for continuous production of hydrogen from aqueous phase reforming of xylose

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    Hydrogen (H2) is a promising energy vector for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. Lignocellulosic biomass waste has been introduced as one of the abundant and carbon-neutral H2 sources. Among those, xylose with its short carbon chain has emerged attractive, where H2 can be catalytically released in an aqueous reactor. In this study, a composite catalyst system consisting of silica (SiO2)-supported platinum (Pt)-cobalt (Co) bimetallic nanoparticles was developed for aqueous phase reforming of xylose conducted at 225 °C and 29.3 bar. The PtCo/SiO2 catalyst showed a significantly higher H2 production rate and selectivity than that of Pt/SiO2, whereas Co/SiO2 shows no activity in H2 production. The highest selectivity for useful liquid byproducts was obtained with PtCo/SiO2. Moreover, CO2 emissions throughout the reaction were reduced compared to those of monometallic Pt/SiO2. The PtCo bimetallic nanocatalyst offers an inexpensive, sustainable, and durable solution with high chemical selectivity for scalable reforming of hard-to-ferment pentose sugars

    Utralight hydrogen production reactor comprising high-efficiency composite

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    The present invention relates to a hydrogen production reactor equipped with a high-efficiency composite material having high thermal conductivity and anti-oxidation properties. Specifically, the hydrogen production reactor includes a first region in which a combustion reaction of fuel occurs; a second region where a hydrogen extraction reaction takes place; a metal substrate partitioning the first area and the second area; and a coating layer comprising boron nitride (BN) and formed on at least one surface of the metal substrate, wherein heat generated in the first region is transferred to the second region through the metal substrate. to b