174 research outputs found

    Stability of trailing vortices with radial stratification

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    We look at the effects of the radial density stratification on the stability of the q-vortex, a commonly accepted model for aircraft trailing vortices. It has been demonstrated that the 2D Lamb-Oseen vortex develops a Rayleigh-Taylor instability when its core is heavier than the surrounding uid (Joly,Fontane & Chassaing 2005, Sipp et al. 2005). The underlying mechanism relies on baroclinic vorticity generation due to any misalignment between the density gradient and the centripetal acceleration field. The instability is triggered provided that the density decreases radially somewhere in the vortex core. This mechanism is also active in the 3D trailing vortex and affects its stability characteristics due to the addition of an axial component in the acceleration field. We show that the unstable center modes of the homogeneous case (Fabre & Jacquin 2004) are promoted in a q-vortex with a heavy core. Their growth rate increases while their m-spiral structure is preserved. For an Atwood number At = 0:5, their predicted growth rate can be ten times the ones found in the homogeneous case. Furthermore, the unstable domain is extended far beyond the neutral curve in the homogeneous case, with unstable modes observed for Swirl numbers up to q = 5. It is argued here that corresponding density perturbations could eventually lead to the development of new and original strategies to decrease the lifespan of aircraft trailing vortices and greatly reduce their unwanted side-effects on contrails persistence and air traffic regulations

    First Measurement of 72Ge(n,ő≥) at n_TOF

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    9th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear AstrophysicsThe slow neutron capture process (s-process) is responsible for producing about half of the elemental abundances heavier than iron in the universo

    Study of 12C(őĪ,ő≥)16O reaction via the transfer reaction 12C(7Li,t)16O

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    International audienceThe 12C(a,g )16O reaction plays an important role in helium burning in massive stars and their evolution. However, despite many experimental studies, the low-energy cross section of 12C(a,g )16O remains highly uncertain. The extrapolation of the measured cross sections to stellar energies (E=300 keV) is made difficult by the presence of the two sub-threshold states at 6.92 (2+) and 7.12 (1‚ąí) MeV of 16O. In order to further investigate the contribution of these twosubthreshold resonances to the 12C(a,g )16O cross section, we performed a new determination of the a-reduced widths of the 6.92 and 7.12 MeV of 16O via a measurement of the transfer reaction 12C(7Li,t)16O at two incident energies, 34 and 28 MeV. The measured and calculated differential cross sections are presented as well as the obtained spectroscopic factors and the a-reduced widths for the 2+ and 1‚ąí sub-threshold states and their effect on the R-matrix calculations of 12C(a,g )16O

    Preparation and characterization of 33-S samples for 33-S(n,alpha)30-Si cross-section measurements at the n_TOF facility at CERN

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    Thin 33S samples for the study of the 33S(n,a)30Si cross-section at the n_TOF facility at CERN were made by thermal evaporation of 33S powder onto a dedicated substrate made of kapton covered with thin layers of copper, chromium and titanium. This method has provided for the first time bare sulfur samples a few centimeters in diameter. The samples have shown an excellent adherence with no mass loss after few years and no sublimation in vacuum at room temperature. The determination of the mass thickness of 33S has been performed by means of Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. The samples have been successfully tested under neutron irradiation.Ministerio de Econom√≠a y Competitividad de Espa√Īa-FPA2013-47327- C2-1-R, FPA2014-53290-C2-2-P, FPA2016-77689-C2-1-RJunta de Andaluc√≠a-P11-FQM-8229Ministerio de Econom√≠a y Empresa de Espa√Īa (Fondos FEDER)-FIS2015-69941-C2-1-PAECC (Asociaci√≥n Espa√Īola Contra el C√°ncer)-PS16163811POR

    Recent results in nuclear astrophysics at the n_TOF facility at CERN

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    The neutron time of flight (n_TOF) facility at CERN is a spallation source characterized by a white neutron spectrum. The innovative features of the facility, in the two experimental areas, (20 m and 185 m), allow for an accurate determination of the neutron cross section for radioactive samples or for isotopes with small neutron capture cross section, of interest for Nuclear Astrophysics. The recent results obtained at n_TOF facility are presented

    High precision measurement of the radiative capture cross section of 238U at the n-TOF CERN facility

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    The importance of improving the accuracy on the capture cross-section of 238U has been addressed by the Nuclear Energy Agency, since its uncertainty significantly affects the uncertainties of key design parameters for both fast and thermal nuclear reactors. Within the 7th framework programme ANDES of the European Commission three different measurements have been carried out with the aim of providing the 238U(n,ő≥) cross-section with an accuracy which varies from 1 to 5%, depending on the energy range. Hereby the final results of the measurement performed at the n TOF CERN facility in a wide energy range from 1 eV to 700 keV will be presented

    The 236U neutron capture cross-section measured at the n-TOF CERN facility

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    The 236U isotope plays an important role in nuclear systems, both for future and currently operating ones. The actual knowledge of the capture reaction of this isotope is satisfactory in the thermal region, but it is considered insufficient for Fast Reactor and ADS applications. For this reason the 236U(n, ő≥) reaction crosssection has been measured for the first time in the whole energy region from thermal energy up to 1 MeV at the n TOF facility with two different detection systems: an array of C6D6 detectors, employing the total energy deposited method, and a 4ŌÄ total absorption calorimeter (TAC), made of 40 BaF2 crystals. The two n TOF data sets agree with each other within the statistical uncertainty in the Resolved Resonance Region up to 800 eV, while sizable differences (up to 20%) are found relative to the current evaluated data libraries. Moreover two new resonances have been found in the n TOF data. In the Unresolved Resonance Region up to 200 keV, the n TOF results show a reasonable agreement with previous measurements and evaluated data

    Measurement of the 241Am neutron capture cross section at the n-TOF facility at CERN

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    New neutron cross section measurements of minor actinides have been performed recently in order to reduce the uncertainties in the evaluated data, which is important for the design of advanced nuclear reactors and, in particular, for determining their performance in the transmutation of nuclear waste. We have measured the 241 Am(n,ő≥) cross section at the n TOF facility between 0.2 eV and 10 keV with a BaF2 Total Absorption Calorimeter, and the analysis of the measurement has been recently concluded. Our results are in reasonable agreement below 20 eV with the ones published by C. Lampoudis et al. in 2013, who reported a 22% larger capture cross section up to 110 eV compared to experimental and evaluated data published before. Our results also indicate that the 241 Am(n,ő≥) cross section is underestimated in the present evaluated libraries between 20 eV and 2 keV by 25%, on average, and up to 35% for certain evaluations and energy ranges.Plan Nacional I+D+I FPA2014-53290-C2-1Comisi√≥n Europea, ANDES FP7- 249671Comisi√≥n Europea, CHANDA FP7-60520
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