32 research outputs found

    The Intersection of Traditional Wisdom and Modern Education: Unpacking the Potential of Folk Pedagogy in the Context of India’s National Education Policy 2020

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    This article explores the critical interface of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 and the potential of folk pedagogy in enhancing India’s educational landscape. The NEP 2020, with its emphasis on local, indigenous knowledge systems and a transformative vision for India’s education system, provides an unprecedented opportunity for mainstreaming folk pedagogy into contemporary teaching-learning practices. Approved by the Union Cabinet in 2020 National Education Policy ushered in avant-garde reforms to the education policy of India. Folk pedagogy, a term used to describe traditional modes of education practiced by various indigenous and local communities, carries immense value in terms of cultural preservation, community engagement, and learner-centric methodologies. It promotes experiential learning, critical thinking, and creativity by organically integrating local culture, resources, and traditional wisdom into education. Its salient features and key recommendations exceptionally call for flexibility, multi-disciplinarity, critical thinking and ethical values, multilingualism and the three-language formula. An exceptional emphasis on the power of language and the inclusion of mother/regional under the larger context of Indian ethos has been witnessed for the time.  NEP 2020 with such emphasis ushers a pedagogical paradigm shift that seeks to reestablish lost Indian pedagogical heritages and their folk orientation, where education is experiential, diverse, holistic, creative, critical, multidisciplinary and multilingual. By intertwining the principles of NEP 2020 with the rich, culturally diverse practices of folk pedagogy, the article envisages a dynamic, inclusive, and effective education system. It underscores the significant role folk pedagogy can play in achieving NEP’s objectives of creating an equitable and vibrant knowledge society by leveraging local knowledge systems and fostering a deep sense of respect towards the rich cultural heritage of India. The article critically reviews the extent to which NEP 2020 allows for the incorporation of folk pedagogy in its framework, and analyzes how this can be made more effective. It addresses challenges and potential strategies for incorporating folk pedagogy into the mainstream educational practices and curriculum development. The article argues for an extensive dialogue and collaboration among educators, policymakers, and community stakeholders to facilitate this integration, ultimately nurturing a pedagogical system that is grounded in the culture, context, and aspirations of learners. This strategic amalgamation could empower India’s education system to meet the future challenges of the rapidly evolving global knowledge economy, while staying true to its unique cultural roots

    Evaluation of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced and Oxygen-Enhanced Functional Lung Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

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    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by obstruction of airways and emphysematous lung tissue damage, with associated hypoxic vasoconstriction in the affected lung parenchyma. In our study, we evaluate the role of oxygen-enhanced (OE) MRI and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI in COPD patients for assessment of ventilation and perfusion defects and compared their severity with clinical severity. A total of 60 patients with COPD (diagnosed based on clinical and spirometry findings) and 2 controls with normal spirometry and no history of COPD were enrolled. All patients underwent MRI within 1 month of spirometry. OE-MRI was performed by administering oxygen at 12 L/min for 4 min to look for ventilation defects. DCE-MRI was performed by injecting intravenous gadolinium contrast, and perfusion abnormalities were detected by subtracting the non-enhanced areas from the first pass perfusion contrast images. A total of 87% of the subjects demonstrated ventilation and perfusion abnormalities on MRI independently. The lobe-wise distribution of ventilation and perfusion abnormalities correlated well with each other and was statistically significant in all lobes (p < 0.05). The severity of ventilation-perfusion defects also correlated well with clinical severity, as their median value (calculated using a Likert rating scale) was significantly lower in patients in the Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) I/II group (3.25) compared to the GOLD III/IV group (7.25). OE- and DCE-MRI provide functional information about ventilation-perfusion defects and their regional distribution, which correlates well with clinical severity in patients with COPD

    Abstracts of Scientifica 2022

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    This book contains the abstracts of the papers presented at Scientifica 2022, Organized by the Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India, held on 12–13 March 2022. This conference helps bring researchers together across the globe on one platform to help benefit the young researchers. There were six invited talks from different fields of Physiotherapy and seven panel discussions including over thirty speakers across the globe which made the conference interesting due to the diversity of topics covered during the conference. Conference Title:  Scientifica 2022Conference Date: 12–13 March 2022Conference Location: Sancheti Institute College of PhysiotherapyConference Organizer: Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, Indi