241 research outputs found

    Badania przesiewowe dotycz膮ce zaburze艅 metabolizmu w臋glowodan贸w u mieszka艅c贸w domu pomocy spo艂ecznej w Rzeszowie

    Get PDF
    Introduction: To screen for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and other disturbances of the glucose metabolism in welfare home residents in Rzesz贸w. Material and methods: 478 residents of four randomly selected welfare homes in Rzesz贸w were initially enrolled in the study. Among them were 66 residents with previously diagnosed diabetes. Of the remaining 412 adults, 191 (39 males) aged 66.0 ± 17.7 years were enrolled in the study having completed informed consent. All subjects underwent measurements of fasting glucose levels using a glucose meter (Roche Accu-Chek Active, Mannheim, Germany). In participants whose glucose levels exceeded 99 mg/dL, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed. The results of OGTT were qualified as impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or diabetes mellitus (DM). Results: Among the 191 participants, we found 26 cases of IFG (13.6%), 25 of IGT (13.1%), and ten (5.2%) cases of newly diagnosed T2DM. Conclusions: This study highlights that in Polish welfare homes greater medical vigilance is needed in order to optimise the health of residents. (Endokrynol Pol 2012; 63 (6): 483–486)Wst臋p: Celem pracy by艂o okre艣lenie wyst臋powania zaburze艅 metabolizmu w臋glowodan贸w oraz cukrzycy typu 2 u mieszka艅c贸w dom贸w pomocy spo艂ecznej (DPS) w Rzeszowie. Materia艂 i metody: Badaniem obj臋to 478 mieszka艅c贸w z 4 losowo wybranych DPS w Rzeszowie. W艣r贸d nich by艂o 66 mieszka艅c贸w z wcze艣niej rozpoznan膮 cukrzyc膮. Spo艣r贸d pozosta艂ych 412 doros艂ych os贸b do badania, po uzyskaniu 艣wiadomej zgody, w艂膮czono 191 os贸b (152 kobiety i 39 m臋偶czyzn) w wieku 66,0 ± 17,7 roku. U wszystkich pacjent贸w wykonano pomiary st臋偶enia glukozy na czczo przy u偶yciu glukometru (Roche Accu Chek Active Mannheim, Niemcy). U os贸b, u kt贸rych st臋偶enie glukozy przekracza艂o warto艣膰 99 mg/dl, przeprowadzono doustny test tolerancji glukozy (OGTT).Wyniki OGTT kwalifikowano jako nieprawid艂ow膮 glikemi膮 na czczo (IFG), upo艣ledzon膮 tolerancj臋 glukozy (IGT) lub cukrzyc臋 (DM). Wyniki: W艣r贸d 191 uczestnik贸w badania stwierdzono 26 przypadk贸w IFG (13,6%), 25 przypadk贸w IGT (13,1%) i 10 (5,2%) przypadk贸w nowo zdiagnozowanej cukrzycy typu 2. Wnioski: Badanie to wskazuje, 偶e w domach opieki medycznej konieczna jest wi臋ksza czujno艣膰 diabetologiczna w celu optymalizacji zdrowia mieszka艅c贸w. (Endokrynol Pol 2012; 63 (6): 483–486

    Morphological discrimination of granular materials by measurement of pixel intensity distribution

    Get PDF
    The paper provides statistical analysis of the photographs of four various granular materials (peas, pellets, triticale, wood chips). For analysis, the (parametric) ANOVA and the (nonparametric) Kruskal-Wallis tests were applied. Additionally, the (parametric) two-sample t-test and (non-parametric) Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test for pairwise comparisons were performed. In each case, the Bonferroni correction was used. The analysis shows a statistical evidence of the presence of differences between the respective average discrete pixel intensity distributions (PID), induced by the histograms in each group of photos, which cannot be explained only by the existing differences among single granules of different materials. The proposed approach may contribute to the development of a fast inspection method for comparison and discrimination of granular materials differing from the reference material, in the production process

    Ocena przydatno艣ci testu Hand Grip we wczesnej profi laktyce nadci艣nienia t臋tniczego w艣r贸d m艂odzie偶y szk贸艂 ponadgimnazjalnych w regionie po艂udniowo-wschodniej Polski 鈥 badanie przekrojowe

    Get PDF
    Introduction. It is assessed that the increased reaction of arterial pressure to physical exertion occurs in about 20% of healthy young people and it is connected with hyperkinetic reaction of the circulatory system. Early identifi cation in聽young people may be of vital importance in early prophylactics and treatment of arterial hypertension (HT). The aim聽was to assess the relation between the use of the Hand Grip Test (HGT) and early diagnosis of the primary arterial hypertension聽(PHT) in youth aged 16鈥19.Material and method. Research was carried out using a survey questionnaire among 511 people aged 16鈥19 and their聽parents. The surveyed youth had blood pressure measured in various conditions, including after a provocative stimulus聽鈥 HGT. In the statistical study we used the ANOVA single factor analysis of variance, 蠂2 independence test, the V-Kramer聽test, the tau-b Kendall test and the method: percentages (%), arithmetical average (X) and standard deviation (SD).Results. Increased pressure rise after HGT test regarded more frequently the systolic aspect (34.8%) rather than the聽diastolic aspect (7.0%) (p < 0.001). Increased response of systolic blood pressure was observed more frequently in聽persons with its elevated, rather than normal values (p < 0.05). Increased response for both systolic and diastolic blood聽pressure was found in persons with a high HT intensity history in the family more often than in youth with low hyper聽intensity or no propensity towards HT, with predominance of systolic pressure (p < 0.01 vs. p < 0.05). Conclusions. Our research shows that the HGT, which is used to detect hyper reactivity of the circulatory system, is a viable method for identifi cation of people susceptible to PHT. The application of the test may result in the lowered costs of treatment of people suffering from a hypertension disease.Wst臋p.聽Szacuje si臋, 偶e zwi臋kszona reakcja ci艣nienia t臋tniczego (HT) na wysi艂ek fizyczny wyst臋puje u oko艂o 20% m艂odych聽zdrowych os贸b i jest zwi膮zana z hiperkinetyczn膮 reakcj膮 uk艂adu sercowo-naczyniowego. Wczesna identyfi kacja m艂odych聽os贸b mo偶e mie膰 istotne znaczenie we wczesnej profilaktyce i leczeniu nadci艣nienia t臋tniczego. Celem pracy by艂a ocena聽zwi膮zku mi臋dzy stosowaniem Testu Hand Grip (HGT) a wczesnym wykrywaniem pierwotnego nadci艣nienia t臋tniczego聽(PNT) u m艂odzie偶y w wieku 16鈥19 lat. Materia艂 i metody.聽Badania przeprowadzono metod膮 wywiadu z u偶yciem kwestionariusza w艣r贸d 511 os贸b w wieku 16鈥19 lat i ich rodzic贸w. U m艂odzie偶y wykonano pomiary ci艣nienia t臋tniczego w r贸偶nych warunkach, w tym po bod藕cu prowokacyjnym (HGT). W opracowaniu statystycznym wykorzystano jednoczynnikow膮 analiz臋 wariancji ANOVA, test niezale偶no艣ci 蠂2, test V-Kramera, test tau-b Kendalla oraz metody statystyki opisowej: warto艣ci procentowe (%), 艣rednia聽arytmetyczna (x) i odchylenie standardowe. Wyniki.聽Zwi臋kszony przyrost ci艣nienia po te艣cie HGT dotyczy艂 cz臋艣ciej komponenty skurczowej (34,8%) ni偶 rozkurczowej聽(7,0%) (p < 0,001). Hiperreakcj臋 skurczowego ci艣nienia t臋tniczego cz臋艣ciej obserwowano u os贸b z jego podwy偶szonymi聽ni偶 prawid艂owymi warto艣ciami (p < 0,05). Hiperreakcja zar贸wno ci艣nienia skurczowego, jak i rozkurczowego cz臋艣ciej dotyczy艂a聽os贸b w grupie z du偶膮 intensywno艣ci膮 HT w rodzinie ni偶 m艂odzie偶y z ma艂膮 intensywno艣ci膮 lub brakiem obci膮偶enia聽w kierunku HT, z przewag膮 ci艣nienia skurczowego (p < 0,01 v. p < 0,05) Wnioski.聽Z badania wynika, 偶e HGT, wykrywaj膮cy nadreaktywno艣膰 uk艂adu sercowo-naczyniowego jest dobr膮 metod膮聽do identyfikacji os贸b zagro偶onych PNT. Zastosowanie testu mo偶e przynie艣膰 wymierne efekty w postaci zmniejszenia聽w przysz艂o艣ci nak艂ad贸w na leczenie os贸b z chorob膮 nadci艣nieniow膮

    Logopedist role in childhood cerebral palsy 鈥 case report

    Get PDF
    This is a case study of a 5 years old girl, born as a premature child (27 weeks of pregnancy - extreme prematurity) with a very low birth weight and diagnosed with childhood cerebral palsy and drug-resistant epilepsy. In physical examination was shown: increased thoracic kyphosis, lopsidedness, contracted thoracic muscles, sciatica shin, hip-lumbar muscles, lower limbs in internal rotation. Girl should not be self-service and requires the help of a second person. She is circulatory efficient. She has also limb paresis, sensory disorders, perception, speech development disorders and eye damage.The girl has undergone logopedic therapy. Initially, the adaptation to the new environment and speech therapist was very hard. The observations, help in various situations and various games have made the therapy successful. During the therapy, it was noticed that the girl was sitting incorrectly. The parents also reported problems with acceptance of louder sounds and music (confirmed by the therapist and psychologist), which, however, improves during the therapy. Body motor skills in the described patient is very weak. Since the beginning of the therapy, a full logopedic examination was conducted and specialist tests were performed, which were evaluated on the basis of established scales. The girl is also under physiotherapist's care. The evaluation of the course of therapy shows the progress, and on the basis of the results of examinations and observations, a plan of further therapy has been prepared

    Risk factors of obesity in school children from Podkarpatian Region

    Get PDF
    WST臉P. Celem pracy by艂o okre艣lenie zale偶no艣ci mi臋dzy wyst臋powaniem oty艂o艣ci u dzieci szkolnych w wojew贸dztwie podkarpackim a wybranymi czynnikami biologicznymi oraz ustalenie wp艂ywu wybranych czynnik贸w socjalnych na ryzyko rozwoju oty艂o艣ci. MATERIA艁 I METODY. U 2412 dzieci szkolnych w 艣rednim wieku 10,5 ± 2,4 roku dokonano pomiar贸w wzrostu i masy cia艂a oraz obliczono wska藕nik masy cia艂a (BMI). Oty艂o艣膰 okre艣lano na podstawie kryteri贸w podanych przez International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Na podstawie ankiety wype艂nianej przez rodzic贸w uzyskano dane odno艣nie do masy cia艂a i wzrostu rodzic贸w, wieku matki przy porodzie i masy urodzeniowej dziecka, liczby dzieci w rodzinie oraz warunk贸w socjalnych rodziny. W celu okre艣lenia wp艂ywu czynnik贸w ryzyka na wyst臋powanie oty艂o艣ci obliczono iloraz szans (OR) dla ka偶dego z badanych czynnik贸w. WYNIKI. Stwierdzono, 偶e oty艂o艣膰 jednego b膮d藕 obojga rodzic贸w oraz zar贸wno zbyt niska, jak i nadmiernie wysoka urodzeniowa masa cia艂a istotnie zwi臋kszaj膮 ryzyko powstania oty艂o艣ci u dzieci. Badane czynniki socjalne nie zwi臋ksza艂y istotnie tego ryzyka. WNIOSKI. Ustalenie spo艂eczno-ekonomicznych czynnik贸w ryzyka podkre艣la znaczenie szczeg贸艂owych bada艅 epidemiologicznych. Definiowanie czynnik贸w ryzyka w konkretnym regionie dostarcza informacji przydatnych do opracowania specjalnych strategii zapobiegawczych. Endokrynologia, Oty艂o艣膰 i Zaburzenia Przemiany Materii 2011, tom 7, nr 3, 157–166INTRODUCTION. The aim of the study was to establish the influence of selected biological and social factors on the risk of the development of obesity in school children from Podkarpatian region. MATERIAL AND METHODS. In 2412 children in the mean age of 10.5 ± 2.4 years weight and height were measured and BMI was calculated. Obesity was established according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria. Parents were asked to fill the questionnaire regarding their own weight and height, offspring’s birthweight, number of siblings and family social status. Odds ratio was estimated for each factor to examine the influence of the risk factor on the prevalence of obesity. RESULTS. The study results indicate that obesity of one or both parents and too large as well as too small birthweight increase the risk of obesity in children from Podkarpatian region. Social factors were not statistically significant risk factors of childhood obesity. CONCLUSIONS. A distinct pattern of socio-economic risk factors underlines the importance of population specific epidemiological studies. Defining risk factors in a specific region provides information to design specific preventive strategies. Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 2011, vol. 7, No 3, 157–16

    The assessment of fitness and physical activity in school children with excessive and normal weight

    Get PDF
    WST臉P. Celem pracy by艂o por贸wnanie aktywno艣ci i sprawno艣ci fizycznej dzieci szkolnych z prawid艂ow膮 i nadmiern膮 mas膮 cia艂a. MATERIA艁 I METODY. Badaniem obj臋to 92 dzieci w wieku 11– –12 lat. U dzieci dokonano pomiaru masy cia艂a i obliczono wska藕nik masy cia艂a (BMI) u ka偶dego z nich. Przeprowadzono tak偶e anonimow膮 ankiet臋 dotycz膮c膮 aktywno艣ci ruchowej oraz ocen臋 sprawno艣ci fizycznej wzorowan膮 si臋 na te艣cie Zuchory. WYNIKI. W badanej grupie stwierdzono istotne statystycznie zmniejszenie sprawno艣ci dzieci wraz ze wzrostem ich BMI. Badane dzieci, kt贸re pochodzi艂y z miasta, cz臋艣ciej osi膮ga艂y wysoki poziom aktywno艣ci ruchowej ni偶 ich r贸wie艣nicy mieszkaj膮cy na wsi. Wy偶szy poziom aktywno艣ci korelowa艂 pozytywnie z deklaracjami aktywnej formy sp臋dzania czasu wolnego. WNIOSKI. Dzieci z nadmiern膮 mas膮 cia艂a s膮 mniej sprawne fizycznie ni偶 ich r贸wie艣nicy z prawid艂ow膮 mas膮 cia艂a. Konieczne staje si臋 podj臋cie dzia艂a艅 profilaktycznych i edukacyjnych, kt贸re motywowa艂yby uczni贸w i ich rodzic贸w do wi臋kszej dba艂o艣ci o swoj膮 mas臋 cia艂a, a tak偶e aktywno艣膰 fizyczn膮.INTRODUCTION. The aim of this study was to compare physical activity and fitness of school children with the correct mass of the body to those with the excessive body mass. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The research was conducted on the group of 92 children aged between 11 and 12. The goal of the investigation was to measure weight of the children’s body to calculate the body mass index (BMI) for every one of them. There was also conducted an anonymous questionnaire similar to Zuchora test on physical activity and evaluation of physical fitness. RESULTS. The result of the experiment demonstrates that along with the increase of the BMI the physical fitness decreases, which was statistically significant. Children from the city were definitely more active physically. It was also concluded that the higher level of activity, the more often the children declare active forms of spending free time. CONCLUSIONS. Children with excessive mass of body are less efficient physically, than their healthy peers. Therefore it is also necessary to take up some educational measures, which would motivate pupils and their parents to care more about one’s weight, and at the same time to pay attention to physical fitness

    Materia艂y do znajomo艣ci ryjkowc贸w (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) Beskidu Wschodniego

    Get PDF
    The paper presents new data on the distribution of the superfamily Curculionoidea in the Eastern Beskidy Mountains. The study was carried out between 2003 and 2015 in the south-western part of this region. A list of 134 species of Curculionoidea classified into 7 families (Anthribidae, Attelabidae, Rhynchitidae, Nanophyidae, Apionidae, Curculionidae, Erirhinidae) is presented. Some of them are rare in Poland or have been collected in this region for the first time: Chonostropheus tristis, Aspidapion validum, Barynotus moerens, Dodecastichus inflatus, Otiorhynchus obsidianus, Lixus punctiventris, Tachyerges rufitarsis and Lignyodes suturatus
    corecore