13,167 research outputs found

    Nonlinear dynamos at infinite magnetic Prandtl number

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    The dynamo instability is investigated in the limit of infinite magnetic Prandtl number. In this limit the fluid is assumed to be very viscous so that the inertial terms can be neglected and the flow is slaved to the forcing. The forcing consist of an external forcing function that drives the dynamo flow and the resulting Lorentz force caused by the back reaction of the magnetic field. The flows under investigation are the Archontis flow, and the ABC flow forced at two different scales. The investigation covers roughly three orders of magnitude of the magnetic Reynolds number above onset. All flows show a weak increase of the averaged magnetic energy as the magnetic Reynolds number is increased. Most of the magnetic energy is concentrated in flat elongated structures that produce a Lorentz force with small solenoidal projection so that the resulting magnetic field configuration was almost force-free. Although the examined system has zero kinetic Reynolds number at sufficiently large magnetic Reynolds number the structures are unstable to small scale fluctuations that result in a chaotic temporal behavior

    Selective decay by Casimir dissipation in fluids

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    The problem of parameterizing the interactions of larger scales and smaller scales in fluid flows is addressed by considering a property of two-dimensional incompressible turbulence. The property we consider is selective decay, in which a Casimir of the ideal formulation (enstrophy in 2D flows, helicity in 3D flows) decays in time, while the energy stays essentially constant. This paper introduces a mechanism that produces selective decay by enforcing Casimir dissipation in fluid dynamics. This mechanism turns out to be related in certain cases to the numerical method of anticipated vorticity discussed in \cite{SaBa1981,SaBa1985}. Several examples are given and a general theory of selective decay is developed that uses the Lie-Poisson structure of the ideal theory. A scale-selection operator allows the resulting modifications of the fluid motion equations to be interpreted in several examples as parameterizing the nonlinear, dynamical interactions between disparate scales. The type of modified fluid equation systems derived here may be useful in modelling turbulent geophysical flows where it is computationally prohibitive to rely on the slower, indirect effects of a realistic viscosity, such as in large-scale, coherent, oceanic flows interacting with much smaller eddies

    Exact solvability of superintegrable Benenti systems

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    We establish quantum and classical exact solvability for two large classes of maximally superintegrable Benenti systems in nn dimensions with arbitrarily large nn. Namely, we solve the Hamilton--Jacobi and Schr\"odinger equations for the systems in question. The results obtained are illustrated for a model with the cubic potential.Comment: 15 pages, LaTeX 2e, no figures; in the updated version a number of typos were fixed and other minor changes were mad

    Helicity Conservation via the Noether Theorem

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    The conservation of helicity in ideal barotropic fluids is discussed from a group theoretical point of view. A new symmetry group is introduced i.e. the alpha group of translations. It is proven via the Noether theorem that this group generates helicity conservation.Comment: 7 pages of te

    Integrability of one degree of freedom symplectic maps with polar singularities

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    In this paper, we treat symplectic difference equations with one degree of freedom. For such cases, we resolve the relation between that the dynamics on the two dimensional phase space is reduced to on one dimensional level sets by a conserved quantity and that the dynamics is integrable, under some assumptions. The process which we introduce is related to interval exchange transformations.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    On the accuracy of conservation of adiabatic invariants in slow-fast systems

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    Let the adiabatic invariant of action variable in slow-fast Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom have two limiting values along the trajectories as time tends to infinity. The difference of two limits is exponentially small in analytic systems. An iso-energetic reduction and canonical transformations are applied to transform the slow-fast systems to form of systems depending on slowly varying parameters in a complexified phase space. On the basis of this method an estimate for the accuracy of conservation of adiabatic invariant is given for such systems.Comment: 27 pages, 14 figure

    Degree of randomness: numerical experiments for astrophysical signals

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    Astrophysical and cosmological signals such as the cosmic microwave background radiation, as observed, typically contain contributions of different components, and their statistical properties can be used to distinguish one from the other. A method developed originally by Kolmogorov is involved for the study of astrophysical signals of randomness of various degrees. Numerical performed experiments based on the universality of Kolmogorov distribution and using a single scaling of the ratio of stochastic to regular components, reveal basic features in the behavior of generated signals also in terms of a critical value for that ratio, thus enable the application of this technique for various observational datasetsComment: 6 pages, 9 figures; Europhys.Letters; to match the published versio

    An Exact Universal Gravitational Lensing Equation

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    We first define what we mean by gravitational lensing equations in a general space-time. A set of exact relations are then derived that can be used as the gravitational lens equations in all physical situations. The caveat is that into these equations there must be inserted a function, a two-parameter family of solutions to the eikonal equation, not easily obtained, that codes all the relevant (conformal) space-time information for this lens equation construction. Knowledge of this two-parameter family of solutions replaces knowledge of the solutions to the geodesic equations. The formalism is then applied to the Schwarzschild lensing problemComment: 12 pages, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    The periodic b-equation and Euler equations on the circle

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    In this note we show that the periodic b-equation can only be realized as an Euler equation on the Lie group Diff(S^1) of all smooth and orientiation preserving diffeomorphisms on the cirlce if b=2, i.e. for the Camassa-Holm equation. In this case the inertia operator generating the metric on Diff(S^1) is given by A=1-d^2/dx^2. In contrast, the Degasperis-Procesi equation, for which b=3, is not an Euler equation on Diff(S^1) for any inertia operator. Our result generalizes a recent result of B. Kolev.Comment: 8 page
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