21,075 research outputs found

    Finite-Temperature Phase Structure of Lattice QCD with the Wilson Quark Action for Two and Four Flavors

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    We present further analyses of the finite-temperature phase structure of lattice QCD with the Wilson quark action based on spontaneous breakdown of parity-flavor symmetry. Results are reported on (i) an explicit demonstration of spontaneous breakdown of parity-flavor symmetry beyond the critical line, (ii) phase structure and order of chiral transition for the case of Nf=4N_f=4 flavors, and (iii) approach toward the continuum limit.Comment: Poster presented at LATTICE96(finite temperature); 4 pages, Latex, uses espcrc2 and epsf, seven ps figures include

    Two-dimensional Gross-Neveu Model with Wilson Fermion Action at Finite Temperature and Density

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    We analytically investigate the 2-dimensional Gross-Neveu model at finite temperature and density using Wilson fermion action. The relation between the phase structure on the lattice and that in the continuum is clarified.Comment: LATTICE98(hightemp), 3 pages, 3 eps figure

    Manifestation of spin degrees of freedom in the double fractional quantum Hall system

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    The double fractional quantum Hall system of spin 1/2 electrons is numerically studied to predict that there exists a novel spin-unpolarized quantum liquid specific to the multi-species system, which exemplifies a link between the spin state and the inter-layer electron correlation. Even when the ground state is spin-polarized, the lowest charge-excitation mode involves the spin when the interlayer tunneling is considered.Comment: typeset in LATEX, 2 figures available upon request at [email protected], 9 pages, NA-94-0

    Nucleon-nucleon interactions via Lattice QCD: Methodology --HAL QCD approach to extract hadronic interactions in lattice QCD--

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    We review the potential method in lattice QCD, which has recently been proposed to extract nucleon-nucleon interactions via numerical simulations. We focus on the methodology of this approach by emphasizing the strategy of the potential method, the theoretical foundation behind it, and special numerical techniques. We compare the potential method with the standard finite volume method in lattice QCD, in order to make pros and cons of the approach clear. We also present several numerical results for the nucleon-nucleon potentials.Comment: 12 pages, 10 figure

    Spontaneous Flavor and Parity Breaking with Wilson Fermions

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    We discuss the phase diagram of Wilson fermions in the m0m_0--g2g^2 plane for two-flavor QCD. We argue that, as originally suggested by Aoki, there is a phase in which flavor and parity are spontaneously broken. Recent numerical results on the spectrum of the overlap Hamiltonian have been interpreted as evidence against Aoki's conjecture. We show that they are in fact consistent with the presence of a flavor-parity broken ``Aoki phase''. We also show how, as the continuum limit is approached, one can study the lattice theory using the continuum chiral Lagrangian supplemented by additional terms proportional to powers of the lattice spacing. We find that there are two possible phase structures at non-zero lattice spacing: (1) there is an Aoki phase of width Δm0∌a3\Delta m_0 \sim a^3 with two massless Goldstone pions; (2) there is no symmetry breaking, and all three pions have an equal non-vanishing mass of order aa. Present numerical evidence suggests that the former option is realized for Wilson fermions. Our analysis then predicts the form of the pion masses and the flavor-parity breaking condensate within the Aoki phase. Our analysis also applies for non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions.Comment: 22 pages, LaTeX, 5 figures (added several references and a comment

    One loop renormalization for the axial Ward-Takahashi identity in Domain-wall QCD

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    We calculate one-loop correction to the axial Ward-Takahashi identity given by Furman and Shamir in domain-wall QCD. It is shown perturbatively that the renormalized axial Ward-Takahashi identity is satisfied without fine tuning and the ``conserved'' axial current receives no renormalization, giving ZA=1Z_A=1. This fact will simplify the calculation of the pion decay constant in numerical simulations since the decay constant defined by this current needs no lattice renormalization factor.Comment: 16 pages, 3 axodraw.sty figure

    Two-dimensional Lattice Gross-Neveu Model with Wilson Fermion Action at Finite Temperature and Chemical Potential

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    We investigate the phase structure of the two-dimensional lattice Gross-Neveu model formulated with the Wilson fermion action to leading order of 1/N expansion. Structural change of the parity-broken phase under the influence of finite temperature and chemical potential is studied. The connection between the lattice phase structure and the chiral phase transition of the continuum theory is clarified.Comment: 42 pages, 20 EPS figures, using REVTe

    Domain Wall Fermions in Quenched Lattice QCD

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    We study the chiral properties and the validity of perturbation theory for domain wall fermions in quenched lattice QCD at beta=6.0. The explicit chiral symmetry breaking term in the axial Ward-Takahashi identity is found to be very small already at Ns=10, where Ns is the size of the fifth dimension, and its behavior seems consistent with an exponential decay in Ns within the limited range of Ns we explore. From the fact that the critical quark mass, at which the pion mass vanishes as in the case of the ordinary Wilson-type fermion, exists at finite Ns, we point out that this may be a signal of the parity broken phase and investigate the possible existence of such a phase in this model at finite Ns. The rho and pi meson decay constants obtained from the four-dimensional local currents with the one-loop renormalization factor show a good agreement with those obtained from the conserved currents